Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition breast cancer
Treatments anastrozole, fulvestrant
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Southwest Oncology Group
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date April 2004
End date December 2012
Trial size 690 participants
Trial identifier NCT00075764, CAN-NCIC-MAC7, CDR0000349337, S0226, U10CA032102

Summary

RATIONALE: Estrogen can stimulate the growth of breast cancer cells. Hormone therapy using drugs such as anastrozole and fulvestrant may fight breast cancer by blocking the use of estrogen. It is not yet known whether anastrozole is more effective with or without fulvestrant in treating breast cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying giving anastrozole together with fulvestrant to see how well it works compared to anastrozole alone as first-line therapy in treating postmenopausal women with metastatic breast cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Patients receive oral anastrozole once daily on days 1-28.
anastrozole
Given orally
(Experimental)
Patients receive oral anastrozole as in arm I. Patients also receive fulvestrant intramuscularly on days 1, 14, and 28 during course 1 and then on day 28 of the subsequent courses.
anastrozole
Given orally
fulvestrant
Given intramuscularly

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Time to tumor progression
time frame: 13 months

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Clinical response rates
time frame: 13 months
Overall survival
time frame: 4 years

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants at least 18 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed breast cancer meeting 1 of the following criteria: - Metastatic disease (M1) - Multiple sites of new disease that is clinically obvious metastatic disease (e.g., multiple sites of new osseous disease) - Measurable or nonmeasurable disease - No known brain or CNS metastases - Hormone receptor status: - Estrogen-receptor positive* AND/OR - Progesterone-receptor positive* NOTE: *Positivity defined as estrogen binding of > 10 fmol/mg cytosol protein by ligand binding assay or positive by immunohistochemistry PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - Not specified Sex - Female Menopausal status - Postmenopausal, as defined by 1 of the following: - Prior bilateral oophorectomy - More than 12 months since last menstrual period with no prior hysterectomy - At least 55 years of age with prior hysterectomy - Under 55 years of age with a prior hysterectomy without oophorectomy and with estradiol and follicle-stimulating hormone levels consistent with menopause Performance status - Zubrod 0-2 Life expectancy - Not specified Hematopoietic - No bleeding diathesis (e.g., disseminated intravascular coagulation or clotting factor deficiency) Hepatic - INR ≤ 1.6 Renal - Not specified Other - HIV negative - No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, or adequately treated stage I or II cancer currently in complete remission PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - No prior immunotherapy for recurrent or metastatic disease Chemotherapy - No prior chemotherapy for recurrent or metastatic disease - More than 12 months since prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy - No concurrent chemotherapy for malignancy Endocrine therapy - Prior adjuvant hormonal therapy allowed - At least 12 months since prior adjuvant luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues - Menstrual periods must not have resumed since LHRH therapy - More than 12 months since prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant aromatase inhibitors (e.g., anastrozole, letrozole, or exemestane) - More than 12 months since prior fulvestrant - No prior hormonal therapy for recurrent or metastatic disease - No other concurrent hormonal therapy for malignancy - No concurrent hormone replacement therapy Radiotherapy - Not specified Surgery - Not specified Other - No long-term anticoagulant therapy (except antiplatelet therapy)

Additional Information

Official title Phase III Randomized Trial of Anastrozole Versus Anastrozole and Fulvestrant as First Line Therapy for Post Menopausal Women With Metastatic Breast Cancer
Description OBJECTIVES: - Compare the time to tumor progression in postmenopausal women with metastatic breast cancer treated with anastrozole with or without fulvestrant as first-line therapy. - Compare the clinical benefit (complete or partial response, confirmed or unconfirmed, or stable disease ≥ 24 weeks) and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens. - Compare adverse events in patients treated with these regimens. - Determine the prognostic significance of estrogen receptor positivity and HER2/neu status in patients treated with these regimens. - Determine parameters of estrogen and clinical pharmacology and estrogen levels in patients treated with these regimens. - Compare anastrozole plasma levels at 8, 16, and 24 weeks in patients treated with these regimens (closed as of 4/16/2009). - Compare estradiol serum levels at 8, 16, and 24 weeks in patients treated with these regimens (closed as of 4/16/2009). OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to prior adjuvant tamoxifen therapy (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. - Arm I: Patients receive oral anastrozole once daily on days 1-28. - Arm II: Patients receive oral anastrozole as in arm I. Patients also receive fulvestrant intramuscularly on days 1, 14, and 28 during course 1 and then on day 28 of the subsequent courses. In both arms, courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed for up to 4 years. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 690 patients (345 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in May 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Southwest Oncology Group.