Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions recurrent prostate carcinoma, stage iv prostate cancer
Treatments ipilimumab, laboratory biomarker analysis, pharmacological study, sargramostim
Phase phase 1
Target CTLA-4
Sponsor National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date May 2003
End date January 2011
Trial size 42 participants
Trial identifier NCT00064129, 02558, 6032, CDR0000309054, NCI-2009-00036, NCI-6032, NCT01648361, P30CA082103, UCSF-02558

Summary

This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of ipilimumab when given with sargramostim in treating patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Monoclonal antibodies can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Colony-stimulating factors, such as sargramostim, may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood and may help a person's immune system kill more tumor cells.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
Patients receive ipilimumab IV over 90 minutes on day 1 and sargramostim (GM-CSF) SC on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4-6 courses. GM-CSF continues beyond 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of ipilimumab until the MTD is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Some patients undergo blood sample collection periodically for laboratory and pharmacokinetic studies. Samples are analyzed for human anti-human antibodies, IgG antibodies to ipilimumab semi-quantitative ELISA assay, and plasma concentrations of ipilimumab via quantitative ELISA assay.
ipilimumab Anti-Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Antigen-4 Monoclonal Antibody
Given IV
laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
pharmacological study
Correlative studies
sargramostim 23-L-Leucinecolony-Stimulating Factor 2
Given SC

Primary Outcomes

Measure
MTD of the combination of ipilimumab with GM-CSF that results in < 33% DLT
time frame: Continuously

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Adaptive immunity
time frame: Baseline, days 1 and 14 of courses 1 and 2, day 1 of courses 3-6, and then day 1 of every other course throughout treatment
Anti-idiotype antibody (human anti-human antibodies [HAHA]) development
time frame: Baseline, before each ipilimumab infusion and 2 months after the last infusion of antibody
Pharmacokinetic (PK) Studies
time frame: Prior to and 60 minutes after all infusions, and at 1 and 2 months after the last ipilimumab infusion
PSA and/or objective response for measurable disease
time frame: Day 1
Safety of the regimen
time frame: Continuously

Eligibility Criteria

Male participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Histologically confirmed prostate cancer - Metastatic disease - Progressive disease after prior androgen deprivation as defined by at least 1 of the following criteria: - Patients with measurable disease must have an increase of at least 20% in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions OR the appearance of 1 or more new lesions - Patients with nonmeasurable disease must have a positive bone scan and a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level of at least 5 ng/mL, which has risen on at least 2 successive occasions at least 2 weeks apart* - At least 1 PSA level must be obtained at least 4 weeks after flutamide (6 weeks after bicalutamide or nilutamide) - Testosterone no greater than 50 ng/dL - Patients with no prior orchiectomy must continue luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist therapy - No history or radiologic evidence of CNS metastases - Performance status - ECOG 0-2 - At least 12 weeks - Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,500/mm^3 - Platelet count at least 100,000/mm^3 - Hemoglobin at least 8 g/dL - Bilirubin less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN) - SGOT and SGPT no greater than 2.5 times ULN - Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN - No significant cardiovascular disease - No New York Heart Association class III or IV congestive heart failure - No active angina pectoris - No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months - Not pregnant or nursing - Fertile patients must use effective contraception prior to, during, and for 3 months after study participation - No history of autoimmune disease including, but not limited to, any of the following: - Autoimmune hemolytic anemia - Ulcerative and hemorrhagic colitis - Endocrine disorders (e.g., thyroiditis, hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism of immune etiology, autoimmune hypophysitis/hypopituitarism, or adrenal insufficiency) - Sarcoid granuloma - Myasthenia gravis - Polymyositis - Guillain-Barre syndrome - Systemic lupus erythematosus - Rheumatoid arthritis - Inflammatory bowel disease - No other medical or psychiatric illness that would preclude study participation or giving informed consent - No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer or stage I or II cancer currently in complete remission - No prior immunotherapy (e.g., vaccines or investigational) - No other concurrent colony-stimulating factors - No prior chemotherapy - No concurrent chemotherapy - See Disease Characteristics - At least 4 weeks since prior systemic corticosteroids - At least 4 weeks since other prior hormonal therapy, including megestrol and finasteride - No concurrent systemic steroid therapy except inhaled or topical steroids - No other concurrent hormonal therapy - Hormones administered for nondisease-related conditions (e.g., insulin for diabetes) allowed - At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy and recovered - More than 8 weeks since prior radiopharmaceuticals (e.g., strontium chloride Sr 89 and samarium Sm 153 lexidronam pentasodium) - Prior irradiation of a symptomatic lesion or one that may produce disability (e.g., unstable femur) allowed - No concurrent palliative radiotherapy - See Disease Characteristics - At least 4 weeks since prior herbal products known to decrease PSA levels (e.g., PC-SPES or saw palmetto)

Additional Information

Official title A Phase I Study of Repetitive Dosing of Anti-CTLA-4 Antibody (Ipilimumab) in Combination With GM-CSF in Patients With Metastatic, Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer
Principal investigator Eric Small
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose of anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 monoclonal antibody (MDX-010) (ipilimumab) administered with sargramostim (GM-CSF) in patients with metastatic androgen-independent prostate cancer. (Phase I) II. Determine the safety of this regimen in these patients. (Phase I) III. Evaluate the efficacy as measured by reduction in PSA associated with combining GM-CSF with CTLA-4 blockade with ipilimumab at a dosage of 3 mg/kg given monthly x 6 doses (d1 of courses 1-6). (Cohort Expansion) SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the T-cell immunity and T-cell response in patients treated with this regimen. (Phase I) II. Determine the pharmacokinetics of MDX-010 in these patients. (Phase I) III. Determine the prostate-specific antigen and/or objective responses in patients treated with this regimen. (Phase I) IV. Determine the percentages of activated, naive, and memory T-cells. (Cohort Expansion) V. Determine the measurement of T-cell response to describe epitopes from prostate antigens including PSA, PSMA, and PAP. (Cohort Expansion) VI. Quantitate T-cell response to antigens in patients with relevant HLA allele using HLA*0201 tetramers. (Cohort Expansion) VII. Evaluate the toxicity of this regimen in these patients. (Cohort Expansion) VIII. Determine the initial efficacy as measured by reduction in PSA associated with combining GM-CSF with CTLA-4 blockade with ipilimumab at a dosage of 3 mg/kg given monthly x 6 doses (d1 of courses 1-6). (Cohort Expansion) IX. Determine objective response by post-therapy measurable disease changes using RECIST criteria. (Cohort Expansion) OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of ipilimumab. Patients receive ipilimumab intravenously (IV) over 90 minutes on day 1 and sargramostim (GM-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-14. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 4-6 courses. GM-CSF continues beyond 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of ipilimumab until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Some patients undergo blood sample collection periodically for laboratory and pharmacokinetic studies. Samples are analyzed for human anti-human antibodies, IgG antibodies to ipilimumab semi-quantitative ELISA assay, and plasma concentrations of ipilimumab via quantitative ELISA assay. Patients are followed at 30 days.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2016.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).