Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition prostate cancer
Treatment radiation therapy
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Fox Chase Cancer Center
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date June 2002
End date December 2015
Trial size 307 participants
Trial identifier NCT00062309, CDR0000304712, FCCC-02602, P30CA006927

Summary

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays and other sources of radiation to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known which radiation therapy regimen is more effective in treating prostate cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is comparing two different regimens of radiation therapy to see how well they work in treating patients with stage II or stage III prostate cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Active Comparator)
76 Gy in 38 fractions
radiation therapy
(Experimental)
70.2 Gy in 26 fractions
radiation therapy

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Freedom from biochemical and/or disease failure rates
time frame: weekly during treatment, at 3 months, 6 months or 2 years then yearly

Eligibility Criteria

Male participants at least 18 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the prostate - Clinical stage T1b-T3c disease - No clinical or radiographic evidence of metastasis - Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) less than 80 ng/mL - Gleason score at least 5 - One of the following criteria must be met: - PSA greater than 10 ng/mL - Gleason score greater than 6 - T2b or greater palpable disease - Three or more biopsy cores involved with a Gleason score of at least 5 PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - Not specified Performance status - Zubrod 0-1 Life expectancy - Not specified Hematopoietic - Not specified Hepatic - Not specified Renal - Not specified Other - No other medical condition that would preclude study participation - No other active malignancy within the past 5 years except nonmetastatic skin cancer or early stage chronic lymphocytic leukemia (well-differentiated small cell lymphocytic leukemia) - Fertile patients must use effective contraception PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - Not specified Chemotherapy - Not specified Endocrine therapy - No more than 4 months of prior androgen deprivation therapy - Neoadjuvant and adjuvant androgen deprivation therapy is allowed for high-risk disease only Radiotherapy - No prior pelvic radiotherapy Surgery - No prior or planned radical prostate surgery

Additional Information

Official title A Phase III Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy Dose Escalation Trial for Prostate Cancer Using Hypofractionation
Principal investigator Mark Buyyounouski, MD
Description OBJECTIVES: - Compare the efficacy of conventional intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) vs hypofractionated IMRT, in terms of freedom from biochemical failure in men with intermediate- to high-risk prostate cancer. - Compare the local control, freedom from distant metastasis, and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens. - Determine local failure, using biopsy of the prostate, when objective tests (prostate-specific antigen, ultrasound, and digital rectal exam) suggest relapse in these patients. - Compare the extent of disease eradication using biopsy of the prostate at 2 years after therapy in these patients. - Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens. - Determine the impact of these regimens on patient preferences and utilities. OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to pretreatment prostate-specific antigen (no greater than 10 ng/mL vs greater than 10 to 20 ng/mL vs greater than 20 ng/mL), Gleason score (5-7 vs 8-10), and risk status (high risk vs intermediate risk). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. - Arm I: Patients undergo conventional intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) 5 days a week for 7.5 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. - Arm II: Patients undergo hypofractionated IMRT 5 days a week for 5 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with high-risk disease also undergo androgen deprivation therapy for 2 years. Quality of life is assessed at baseline, every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually for 4 years. Patients are followed at 3 months, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 300 patients (150 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Fox Chase Cancer Center.