This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases
Treatment increased access to emergency contraceptive pills
Sponsor Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Start date October 2002
End date October 2005
Trial size 1490 participants
Trial identifier NCT00060463, 1R01HD39907


This study will evaluate the effect of easy access to emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) on the rates of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose prevention

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants from 14 years up to 24 years old.

Inclusion Criteria - Sexual intercourse with a male partner at least twice in the month prior to study entry - Does not desire pregnancy within 1 year of study entry - 6 weeks since the end of her last pregnancy and has had at least one menstrual period since resolution of her last pregnancy - Literate in English or Spanish Exclusion Criteria - Surgically sterilized or intends to become sterilized within 1 year of study entry - Intrauterine device or a hormonal implant in place or intends to have one inserted within 1 year of study entry - Received an injection of a long-term contraceptive hormone (such as depot-medroxyprogesterone acetate) within 6 months of study entry or intends to receive one within 1 year of study entry - Intends to use Lunelle, the vaginal contraceptive ring, or the contraceptive patch for contraception within 1 year of study entry - Intends to use partners' vasectomy as her method of contraception within 1 year of study entry - Pregnant or breastfeeding - Known or suspected infertility - Previously participated in this study - Planning to move out of the study area within 1 year of study entry - Currently participating in another research study that would interfere with the conduct of this study

Additional Information

Official title Increased Access to Emergency Contraceptive Pills
Description ECPs are a back-up contraceptive method indicated for prevention of pregnancy after sexual intercourse if a primary contraceptive method fails or is not used. This trial will determine how increased access to ECPs affects the probability of pregnancy and three STIs. The STIs tested in the study are chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomonas. The trial will also evaluate how ready access to ECPs influences contraceptive or STI-prevention behaviors, particularly use of ECPs themselves, use of condoms, and use of other contraceptive methods. The trial will be conducted among about 1,490 young women in the United States at high risk for pregnancy and STIs. Sexually active women aged 14 to 24 years who use barrier methods of contraception, oral contraceptive pills, or no contraception will be enrolled. Each woman will be randomly assigned to either an Advance Provision group or a Standard Care group. In the Advance Provision group, women will be given a supply of ECPs free of charge to keep at home in case of need. In the Standard Care group, women will be counseled about ECPs and invited to come to the clinic to obtain them at usual clinic charges when necessary. Participants will be seen for follow-up at Months 6 and 12. At each visit, participants will be asked about pregnancies, STIs, sexual activity, self-assessed STI and pregnancy risk, and use of ECPs and other contraceptive methods. A specimen will be obtained for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomonas testing.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in June 2005.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).