Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition refractory multiple myeloma
Treatments fludarabine phosphate, melphalan, total-body irradiation, mycophenolate mofetil, cyclosporine, nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase phase 1/phase 2
Sponsor Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date October 2002
End date October 2009
Trial size 30 participants
Trial identifier NCT00054353, 1743.00, NCI-2011-00386, P30CA015704

Summary

This phase I/II trial studies the side effects of giving reduced-intensity conditioning followed by donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant (PBSCT) and how well it works in treating patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Giving low doses of chemotherapy, such as fludarabine phosphate and melphalan, and total-body irradiation (TBI) before a donor PBSCT helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It may also stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune cells and help destroy any remaining cancer cells (graft-versus-tumor effect). Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can also make an immune response against the body's normal cells. Giving mycophenolate mofetil and cyclosporine after transplant may stop this from happening.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
Arm
(Experimental)
PREPARATIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV over 30 minutes on days -5 to -3 and intermediate-dose melphalan IV over 15-20 minutes on day -2. Patients also undergo low-dose TBI on day 0. TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic PBSCT on day 0. IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive cyclosporine PO BID on days -3 to 80 with taper to day 180 (related donors) or on days -3 to 100 with taper to day 180 (unrelated donors). Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil PO BID on days 0-27 (related donors) or TID on days 0-40 with taper to day 96 (unrelated donors).
fludarabine phosphate 2-F-ara-AMP
Given IV
melphalan Alkeran
Given IV
total-body irradiation TBI
Undergo TBI
mycophenolate mofetil Cellcept
Given PO
cyclosporine ciclosporin
Given PO
nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Undergo reduced-intensity allogeneic PBSCT
peripheral blood stem cell transplantation PBPC transplantation
Undergo reduced-intensity allogeneic PBSCT
laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Primary Outcomes

Measure
PFS
time frame: At 1 year post-transplant
Non-relapse mortality
time frame: At day 100
Incidence of acute GVHD (grades III-IV)
time frame: Up to 5 years
Incidence of chronic (extensive) GVHD
time frame: Up to 5 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
OS
time frame: At 1 year post-transplant
Engraftment
time frame: Up to 5 years
Relapse rate
time frame: Up to 5 years
Response rate
time frame: Up to 5 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 18 years up to 70 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Meet Salmon and Durie criteria for initial diagnosis of MM; transplant will be offered to patients with previously treated MM who meet one of the following criteria: - Patient received at least one prior autologous or syngeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) and now has progressive disease (PD) (greater than 25% increase in serum or urine paraprotein levels compared to best response status after autograft or appearance of new lytic bone lesions or plasmocytomas) - Patient is not able to collect autologous PBSC due to poor marrow reserve (insufficient HSC-mobilization: < 2.5 x 10^6 cluster of differentiation [CD]34+ cells/kg); or contraindications to undergoing HSC-mobilization; patient now has PD and has received at least 4 cycles of standard chemotherapy (e.g. vincristine sulfate, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and dexamethasone [VAD]) in the past - Patients must have the capacity to give informed consent - DONOR: Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genotypically identical sibling or phenotypically matched relative - DONOR: HLA phenotypically matched unrelated donor (according to Standard Practice HLA matching criteria) - Matched for serologically recognized HLA-A or B or C antigens and at least five of six HLA-A or B or C alleles - Matched for HLA DRB1 and DQB1 alleles (defined by high-resolution typing) at the allele level - DONOR: Donor must consent to filgrastim (G-CSF) administration and leukapheresis for PBSC collection - DONOR: Donor must have adequate veins for leukapheresis or agree to placement of a temporary central venous catheter Exclusion Criteria: - Karnofsky score < 60% - Left ventricular ejection fraction < 40% or symptomatic heart failure; ejection fraction is required if age > 50 years or there is a history of anthracycline exposure or history of cardiac disease - Patients with clinical or laboratory evidence of liver disease would be evaluated for the cause of liver disease, its clinical severity in terms of liver function, and the degree of portal hypertension; patients will be excluded if they are found to have fulminant liver failure, cirrhosis of the liver with evidence of portal hypertension, alcoholic hepatitis, esophageal varices, a history of bleeding esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy, uncorrectable hepatic synthetic dysfunction evinced by prolongation of the prothrombin time, ascites related to portal hypertension, bridging fibrosis, bacterial or fungal liver abscess, biliary obstruction, chronic viral hepatitis with total serum bilirubin > 3 mg/dL,or symptomatic biliary disease - Diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) < 50% (corrected) or receiving continuous supplemental oxygen - Creatinine clearance < 40 mL/min - Patients with poorly controlled hypertension - Seropositive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) - Patients with a history of non-hematologic malignancies (except non-melanoma skin cancers) currently in a complete remission, who are less than 5 years from the time of complete remission, and have a > 20% risk of disease recurrence - Pregnancy or breastfeeding - Fertile men or women unwilling to use contraceptive techniques during and for 12 months following treatment - Not fully recovered from previous high-dose therapy: - Persistent mucositis and gastrointestinal symptoms requiring hyperalimentation and/or intravenous hydration - On steroids for autologous/syngeneic GVHD - On IV antibiotics for documented infections - Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-antigenemia positive - On ganciclovir or foscarnet for previous CMV reactivation/infection; off of this therapy for less than two weeks despite documented CMV-antigenemia- negativity (identification [ID] should be consulted if there is persistent CMV antigenemia post autograft) - Ongoing radiotherapy - Patients who meet any of these criteria may be discussed with the principal investigator for recommendations as to the timing of the allograft - Patients with active bacterial or fungal infections unresponsive to medical therapy - DONOR: Identical twin - DONOR: Donors unwilling to donate PBSC - DONOR: Pregnancy - DONOR: Infection with HIV - DONOR: Inability to achieve adequate venous access - DONOR: Known allergy to G-CSF - DONOR: Current serious systemic illness - DONOR: Failure to meet Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center (FHCRC) criteria for stem cell donation - DONOR: Age < 12 years - DONOR: A positive anti-donor cytotoxic crossmatch is an absolute donor exclusion

Additional Information

Official title Reduced-Intensity Allogeneic HSC Transplantation From HLA-Matched Related and Unrelated Donors for Patients With Multiple Myeloma - A Multi-Center Trial
Principal investigator Marco Mielcarek
Description PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. To evaluate the efficacy of this approach by determining the 1-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). II. To evaluate day 100 non-relapse mortality. III. To determine the incidences of grades II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and chronic extensive GVHD. OUTLINE: PREPARATIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days -5 to -3 and intermediate-dose melphalan IV over 15-20 minutes on day -2. Patients also undergo low-dose TBI on day 0. TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic PBSCT on day 0. IMMUNOSUPPRESSION: Patients receive cyclosporine orally (PO) twice daily (BID) on days -3 to 80 with taper to day 180 (related donors) or on days -3 to 100 with taper to day 180 (unrelated donors). Patients also receive mycophenolate mofetil PO BID on days 0-27 (related donors) or thrice daily (TID) on days 0-40 with taper to day 96 (unrelated donors). After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months, and then annually thereafter for 5 years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2015.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.