This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition colorectal cancer
Treatments fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, conventional surgery, radiation therapy
Phase phase 2
Sponsor Fox Chase Cancer Center
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date July 1996
End date July 2014
Trial size 23 participants
Trial identifier NCT00021398, CDR0000068776, FCCC-96071, NCI-G01-1988, P30CA006927


RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining radiation therapy and chemotherapy may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed during surgery.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of radiation therapy and chemotherapy followed by surgery and combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have stage II or stage III rectal cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Endpoint classification safety/efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment
leucovorin calcium
conventional surgery
radiation therapy

Primary Outcomes

Frequency of toxicity
time frame:
tolerated dose of preoperative hyperfractionated radiation and concurrent chemotherapy
time frame: during radiation therapy and chemotherapy

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the rectum - Tumor extending through bowel wall (T3) OR - Fixation to surrounding structures (T4) OR - Nodal involvement by endorectal ultrasound (N1-2) - Tumor extending through bowel wall, but not fixed (T3) must be: - At least 4 cm or at least 40% of bowel circumference OR - Accompanied by nodal involvement - Evidence of transmural penetration confirmed by 2 of the following: - CT scan - Pelvic MRI - Transrectal ultrasound - Physical exam - Proximal extent of tumor must not extend higher than 12 cm above dentate line and must be below pelvic peritoneal reflexion or sacral promontory - Regional lymph node involvement allowed - No distant metastases by CT scan of abdomen and pelvis or chest x-ray PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: - Age: Over 18 - Performance status: ECOG 0-1 - Life expectancy: At least 2 years - Hematopoietic: - Leukocyte count greater than 4,000/mm3 - Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 - Hemoglobin greater than 10 g/dL - Hepatic: - SGOT and SGPT less than 1.5 times normal - Bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dL - Renal: Creatinine less than 1.8 mg/dL - Other: - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - No other prior or concurrent malignancy within the past 5 years except inactive non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix - No psychiatric condition that would preclude informed consent - No other serious medical illness that would limit survival PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: - Biologic therapy: Not specified - Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy for rectal cancer - Endocrine therapy: Not specified - Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy for rectal cancer - Surgery: No prior surgery for rectal cancer, except diagnostic biopsy

Additional Information

Official title Phase II Study: Hyperfractionated Pre-Op Chemo-Radiation for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer
Principal investigator Joshua Meyer, MD
Description OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the local recurrence rate, disease-free survival, and overall survival of patients with stage II or III rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant radiotherapy and fluorouracil followed by surgical resection and adjuvant fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium. II. Determine the toxicity rate in patients treated with this regimen. III. Correlate failure-free survival with ultrasound-determined preoperative staging in patients treated with this regimen. IV. Determine the quality of life of patients treated with this regimen. V. Determine if toxicity due to treatment, daily stool frequency, sexual dysfunction, and disease-free survival correlates with quality of life parameters in patients treated with this regimen. VI. Correlate clinical selection criteria with ability to perform sphincter-sparing surgery in patients treated with this regimen. VII. Determine post-chemoradiotherapy pathological response, margin status, and lymph node status and correlate these factors with initial clinico-pathologic findings in patients treated with this regimen. OUTLINE: Patients undergo pelvic radiotherapy once daily five days a week for 5 weeks followed by boost radiotherapy twice daily for 7 days. Patients also receive neoadjuvant fluorouracil IV continuously over days 1-4 and 36-40. Patients undergo surgical resection 4-6 weeks after completion of radiotherapy. At 4 weeks after surgery, patients receive adjuvant leucovorin calcium IV and fluorouracil IV once daily five days a week. Treatment continues every 4 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Quality of life is assessed at baseline, at the completion of pelvic and boost radiotherapy, at 4 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy (prior to surgery), and then at 3, 6, and 12 months after completion of study therapy. Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 4 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 23-41 patients will be accrued for this study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in August 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Fox Chase Cancer Center.