This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions down syndrome, chromosome abnormalities
Treatments ultrasound, serum screen
Sponsor Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Trial size 38000 participants
Trial identifier NCT00006445, 1 RO1 HD37523, NICHD-0511


Too much or too little genetic information (chromosome material) can cause abnormal development of the fetus or death. Each year approximately 2.5 million pregnant women are screened for Down Syndrome using invasive screening methods (amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling). This 11 center study of 38,000 women will compare the accuracy of the several non-invasive tests in the first and second trimesters of pregnancy versus amniocentesis or diagnosis at birth to diagnose aneuploidy or Down Syndrome.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation non-randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model single group assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose diagnostic

Eligibility Criteria

Female participants from 16 years up to 45 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Women 16 to 45 years old - Enrolled by participating obstetrical center before 10-14 weeks gestation - Gestational age 10 weeks three days to 13 weeks six days, with a minimum sonographic crown rump length of 38 mm, maximum 84mm - Informed consent of patient - English fluent or accompanied by appropriate interpreter - Healthy (although co-existing diseases allowed) Exclusion Criteria: - Multiple gestation

Additional Information

Official title First and 2nd Trimester Evaluation of the Risk of Aneuploidy
Principal investigator Mary E. D'Alton, M. D.
Description The FASTER (First and Second Trimester Evaluation of Risk) Trial is a multicenter prospective study comparing the accuracy of first and second trimester non-invasive screening methods for Down syndrome and other aneuploidies to diagnosis at delivery or miscarriage/fetal loss). All women will receive the two non-invasive test batteries in both the first and second trimesters. The accuracy of the results of different combinations of non-invasive tests will be compared with diagnosis at delivery or at miscarriage or later fetal loss. First trimester screening will involve ultrasound measurement of fetal nuchal translucency (NT) thickness at 10-14 weeks gestation, together with maternal age, and serum levels of pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PPAP-A) and free-beta human chorionic gonadotropin (FbhCG). Second trimester screening will be based on the current standard of care serum "triple screen", which consists of alpha fetoprotein (AFP), unconjugated estriol (uE3), and hCG, performed at 15-18 weeks gestation, together with maternal age and the new serum marker inhibin-A. If patients screen positive (risk >/= 1 in 380), the patients are notified and offered invasive testing at 15 weeks (a serum "quad" test, an additional tube of blood for analysis of the presence of fetal nucleated erythrocytes in maternal blood [NIFTY: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Cell Study]), and amniocentesis on those who accept). True positive cases receive counseling. True negative cases, those who decline invasive testing, and those who screen negative after the serum "quad" test, receive routine care with final pediatric outcome. Patients with an a priori risk for Down Syndrome may elect to have invasive fetal testing at 15 weeks after quad testing. For all fetuses with a NT measurement greater than 3 mm, and where karyotype is found to be normal after amniocentesis, will be followed with a repeat ultrasound examination at 18 to 20 weeks gestation, to evaluate fetal anatomy, particularly fetal cardiac structure. Final pediatric examination information will be obtained following delivery. If pregnancy results in miscarriage or later fetal loss, attempts will be made to karyotype any fetal tissue. This is especially important for those pregnancies that abort spontaneously between the time of the first and second trimester methods of screening. Pregnancy outcome data will be obtained in all cases.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in February 2007.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).