Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition leukemia
Treatments lintuzumab, cytarabine, etoposide, mitoxantrone hydrochloride
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Facet Biotech
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date March 2000
Trial identifier NCT00006045, CDR0000068061, MSKCC-00029, NCI-G00-1819, PDL-195-301, UCLA-9910050

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies can locate tumor cells and either kill them or deliver tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. It is not yet known if chemotherapy is more effective with or without monoclonal antibody therapy for acute myelogenous leukemia.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy with or without monoclonal antibody therapy in treating patients who have refractory or relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Primary purpose treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) that may have been primary AML, secondary AML, or preceded by hematologic disorder All FAB subtypes except M3 Must meet one of the following three criteria: First relapse within 1 year after documentation of a previous complete remission (CR) achieved by chemotherapy Refractory to prior chemotherapy comprised of a minimum of 1 induction course, including cytarabine at a minimum of 500 mg/m2 (e.g., 100 mg/m2/day for 5 days) plus an anthracycline No high dose cytarabine (no cumulative dose greater than 3 g/m2) First relapse from a previous CR with subsequent autologous bone marrow transplantation (BMT), only if all of the following criteria are met: First BMT At least 100 days but less than 1 year posttransplantation At least 25% cellularity of the bone marrow Previous BMT included full hematopoietic recovery, defined by all of the following: Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL (without transfusion) Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 (without transfusion) Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 No transplantation candidates Bone marrow blasts (leukemic cells) greater than 10% No chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis No active CNS leukemia PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 50-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL (unless related to Gilbert's disease or due to leukemic infiltration) SGOT or SGPT no greater than 4 times upper limit of normal (unless related to AML) Renal: Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL (unless related to AML) Cardiovascular: Left ventricular function normal No unstable cardiac arrhythmias, unstable angina pectoris, or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months No New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease No electrocardiogram evidence of active ischemia Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 1 month after study HIV negative No other active malignancy requiring therapy No active serious infection that is uncontrolled by antimicrobial therapy Medically stable No significant organ dysfunction PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 30 days since prior experimental biologic therapy (e.g., interleukin-2) No concurrent biologic therapy, including bone marrow transplantation Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics For first relapse AML with recent or prior chemotherapy: Prior hydroxyurea given as a short course (up to 48 hours) allowed, if needed, to reduce the peripheral leukocyte count Hydroxyurea must be discontinued prior to study For refractory AML with recent or prior chemotherapy: Greater than 2 weeks since prior chemotherapy except hydroxyurea given as above No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified Other: No other concurrent experimental therapy Concurrent therapy for other preexisting diseases allowed

Additional Information

Official title Phase III, Randomized, Multicenter Study to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of HuM195 (Recombinant Humanized Anti-CD33 Monoclonal Antibody) in Combination With Standardized Chemotherapy Compared to Standardized Chemotherapy Alone in the Treatment of Patients With Refractory or First-Relapsed Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML)
Description OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy, safety, pharmacokinetics, and immunogenicity of mitoxantrone, etoposide, and cytarabine (MEC) with or without monoclonal antibody HuG1-M195 in patients with refractory or relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by age (under 50 vs 50 and over) and duration of previous complete remission (CR) (0-6 vs 7-12 months). All patients receive induction chemotherapy comprised of cytarabine IV over 2 hours, mitoxantrone IV over a maximum of 20 minutes, and etoposide IV over 1-2 hours on days 1-6. On day 5 of induction, patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms: Arm I: Patients receive day 6 of induction chemotherapy. Patients then receive monoclonal antibody HuG1-M195 (MOAB HuM195) IV over 4 hours on days 6-9 or 7-10. Treatment with MOAB HuM195 repeats every 2 weeks for 2 courses (courses 1 and 2) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. During course 1, MOAB HuM195 begins 30 minutes to 24 hours postchemotherapy. Patients who do not achieve CR by day 70 of induction and show evidence of bone marrow progression (regimen failure (RF)) are taken off study. Patients without RF are assigned to one of two consolidation groups based on response: Group A (CR): Patients receive consolidation chemotherapy comprised of mitoxantrone IV over a maximum of 20 minutes on days 1 and 2, and cytarabine IV over 2 hours and etoposide IV over 1-2 hours on days 1-4. Patients with New York Heart Association class II heart disease preconsolidation receive no mitoxantrone during consolidation. Patients receive MOAB HuM195 IV over 4 hours on days 4-7 or 5-8. Treatment with MOAB HuM195 repeats every 2 weeks for 2 additional courses (courses 3 and 4). During course 3, MOAB HuM195 begins 30 minutes to 24 hours postchemotherapy. Group B (partial remission (PR), hematologic improvement (HI), or stable disease (SD)): Patients receive MOAB HuM195 as in group A but no consolidation chemotherapy. Patients without RF after treatment on group A or B receive maintenance MOAB HuM195 IV over 4 hours on days 1-4. Treatment repeats every month for 8 additional courses (courses 5-12). Arm II: Patients receive day 6 of induction chemotherapy. Patients receive no MOAB HuM195 during the entire study. Patients without RF at day 70 of induction are assigned to one of two consolidation groups based on response: Group C (CR): Patients receive consolidation chemotherapy as in group A. Group D (PR, HI, or SD): Patients receive no further treatment. Patients may be eligible to receive MOAB HuM195 on PDL Study 195-302. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 200 patients (100 per arm) will be accrued for this study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in November 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).