Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions colorectal cancer, metastatic cancer, primary peritoneal cavity cancer
Treatments chemotherapy, fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, mitomycin c, conventional surgery, laparoscopic surgery
Phase phase 2
Sponsor UNICANCER
Start date November 1999
Trial identifier NCT00005944, CDR0000067833, EU-20010, FRE-FNCLCC-97018

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Giving chemotherapy drugs in different ways may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of second-look surgery with or without intraperitoneal infusions of mitomycin and fluorouracil in treating patients who have colorectal cancer that is recurrent to the peritoneum.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Primary purpose treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants up to 70 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Primary diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum and meeting one of the following risk criteria during the primary surgery: Perforated bowel (spontaneous or not) Occlusion Peritoneal deposits Invasion of serosa of more than 4 cm diameter Concurrent ovarian metastases Randomization eligibility: Presence of proven recurrent peritoneal disease (only one micronodule of 1 mm sufficient) at second look laparotomy Total resection of macroscopic lesions possible (local recurrence, lymph node or hepatic metastases) PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 70 and under Performance status: Not specified Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.4 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No cardiac condition that would increase surgical risk Pulmonary: No pulmonary condition that would increase surgical risk Other: No other condition that would increase surgical risk No other malignancy within the past 5 years except basal cell skin cancer PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent immunotherapy Chemotherapy: No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent hormonal therapy Radiotherapy: No concurrent anticancer radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

Additional Information

Official title Study of Second Look Surgery With or Without Chemotherapy Intraperitoneally, in the Event of Risk of Intraperitoneal Recurrence
Description OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the effect of second look surgery with or without intraperitoneal mitomycin and fluorouracil on the 3 year survival rate of patients with colorectal cancer who are at high risk for peritoneal cavity cancer. II. Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens. III. Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to center, risk group, presence of symptoms (yes vs no), and isolated disease (yes vs no). After primary surgery, all patients receive 6 months of chemotherapy consisting of leucovorin calcium IV followed by fluorouracil IV over 10 minutes on days 1-5 every 4 weeks. Patients then undergo second look surgery or laparoscopy at 8-12 months. Second look surgery or laparoscopy may be performed earlier if markers increase progressively for unknown reasons or symptoms of peritoneal cancer occur. Patients with recurrent disease that can be resected are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Patients with no residual disease or with unresectable disease are followed for survival. Arm I: Patients undergo complete resection of all detectable lesions followed immediately by intraperitoneal (IP) mitomycin on day 0 and fluorouracil IP on days 1-4. Patients also receive systemic chemotherapy consisting of leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours and fluorouracil IV bolus, followed by fluorouracil IV over 22 hours on days 1 and 2. Systemic chemotherapy repeats every 2 weeks for 6 months. Arm II: Patients undergo complete or partial resection and then receive systemic chemotherapy as in arm I. Quality of life is assessed at baseline and then every 4 months for 3 years. All patients (including nonrandomized patients) are followed every 4 months for 3 years. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 152 patients (76 randomized) will be accrued for this study.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in April 2011.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).