Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition bladder cancer
Treatments cisplatin, doxorubicin hydrochloride, methotrexate, vinblastine, adjuvant therapy
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Southwest Oncology Group
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date September 1998
Trial size 800 participants
Trial identifier NCT00005047, CAN-NCIC-BL10, CCCWFU-88198, CDR0000067639, LAC-USC-4B951, NCI-G00-1715, NYU-9852, SWOG-4B951

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known whether combination chemotherapy is more effective than observation alone in treating bladder cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying combination chemotherapy to see how well it works compared to observation alone in treating patients with bladder cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Endpoint classification efficacy study
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose treatment

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Time to recurrence at 3 years
time frame:

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Overall survival at 3 years
time frame:

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants of any age.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically proven organ confined transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder - Must have undergone radical cystectomy and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy with pathologic stage from definitive cystectomy specimen of P1, P2a, or P2b and N0, M0 TCC with or without squamous/glandular differentiation (no adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or small cell carcinoma) - Margins must be negative for invasive or in situ TCC - In situ TCC in the urethra or ureter(s) allowed provided margins are negative - Clinical stage T1, T2a, or T2b based on transurethral resection bladder tumor specimen with P0 or PIS and N0, M0 TCC allowed - Incidental pT2a (Gleason score no greater than 7), pT2b (Gleason score no greater than 7), or pT2c (Gleason score no greater than 7) adenocarcinoma of the prostate allowed - No invasive tumor into ureter(s) or urethra - Must have potentially curable disease - Must register within 9 weeks after surgery - No metastatic disease by physical exam and chest x-ray or CT scan of the chest - Eligible for randomization if: - p53 gene alteration present - Randomization occurs within 10 weeks after surgery - Those who are randomized to receive (MVAC) methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin begin MVAC within 12 weeks after cystectomy - No metastatic disease by physical exam and chest x-ray or CT scan of the chest - No prohibitive medical risk for chemotherapy PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age - Any age Performance status - ECOG 0-1 OR - Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy - Not specified Hematopoietic - WBC at least 4,000/mm^3 - Platelet count at least 150,000/mm^3 Hepatic - SGOT or SGPT no greater than 2 times normal - Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times normal - Bilirubin normal Renal - Creatinine no greater than 1.8 mg/dL OR - Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min - Blood urea nitrogen normal Cardiovascular - No serious arrhythmias - No congestive heart disease with New York Heart Association class III or IV status - Randomization group: - Ejection fraction must be at least 50% by MUGA scan if there is a clinical concern regarding the patient's cardiac status Other - No other malignancy (including synchronous papillary or invasive upper urinary tract malignancy) within the past 5 years except incidental prostate cancer (found at cystectomy), basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, or carcinoma in situ of the cervix - No concurrent advanced medical illness or psychologic disease - No prohibitive medical risk for chemotherapy - Not pregnant or nursing - Negative pregnancy test - Fertile patients must use effective contraception PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy - Not specified Chemotherapy - See Disease Characteristics - No prior systemic chemotherapy for bladder cancer - At least 5 years since other prior systemic chemotherapy - Prior intravesical therapy allowed - Randomization group: - Prior intravesical therapy allowed if administered prior to cystectomy Endocrine therapy - Not specified Radiotherapy - No prior pelvic irradiation Surgery - See Disease Characteristics

Additional Information

Official title MVAC (Methotrexate, Vinblastine, Adriamycin, and Cisplatin) in Organ-Confined Bladder Cancer Based on p53 Status
Description OBJECTIVES: - Compare the recurrence-free and overall survival in patients with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder with p53 gene alterations treated with methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin vs observation alone. - Compare the recurrence-free and overall survival in patients with or without p53 gene alterations treated with observation alone. - Examine the expression of p53 and other genes, particularly RB, p21, and p16, involved in cell cycle regulation that may be involved in the response to chemotherapy in these patients. - Correlate p53 mutational gene status with p53 protein expression by immunohistochemistry, outcome (recurrence-free and overall survival), response to chemotherapy, and expression of key molecules in the p53-mediated apoptotic pathway in patients treated with this regimen vs observation alone. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups based on the status of the p53 gene in the bladder tumor. - Group A (p53 gene alteration, defined by greater than 10% nuclear reactivity): Patients are stratified according to age (under 65 vs 65 and over), stage (P1 vs P2a vs P2b), grade (1 or 2 vs 3 or 4), and p21 status. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms within 10 weeks after radical cystectomy and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy and within 2 weeks after registration. - Arm I: Within 2 weeks after randomization, patients receive methotrexate IV on days 1, 15, and 22; vinblastine IV on days 2, 15, and 22; and doxorubicin IV and cisplatin IV on day 2. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. - Arm II: Patients undergo observation for recurrence but do not receive adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery. Patients who are eligible for randomization but decline to be randomized undergo observation for recurrence. - Group B (p53 gene normal, defined by less than 10% nuclear reactivity): Patients undergo observation for recurrence but do not receive adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery. Patients are followed every 6 months for 5 years and then annually thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 800 patients will be accrued for this study within 4.75 years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in July 2011.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Southwest Oncology Group.