Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions atherosclerosis, stroke, carotid stenosis, cerebral infarction, myocardial infarction
Treatments carotid endarterectomy (cea), carotid artery stenting (cas)
Phase phase 3
Sponsor University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey
Collaborator National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Start date December 2000
End date February 2011
Trial size 2502 participants
Trial identifier NCT00004732, 0119970017, R01NS038384

Summary

The purpose of the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial (CREST) is to compare the relatively new procedure of stent-assisted carotid angioplasty (CAS) to the traditional and accepted surgical approach of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for the treatment of carotid artery stenosis to prevent recurrent strokes in those patients who have had a TIA (transient ischemic attack) or a mild stroke within the past 6 months (symptomatic) and in those patients who have not had any symptoms within the past 6 months (asymptomatic).

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Intervention model parallel assignment
Masking open label
Primary purpose prevention
Arm
(Active Comparator)
Carotid endarterectomy is surgery to remove plaque buildup that causes narrowing (stenosis) in the carotid artery.
carotid endarterectomy (cea)
CEA involves a neck incision and physical removal of the plaque from the inside of the carotid artery.
(Active Comparator)
Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a procedure used to open narrowed carotid arteries. During the procedure, a small, expandable wire tube called a stent is permanently inserted into the carotid artery.
carotid artery stenting (cas) Angioplasty of carotid artery and stent placement.
CAS involves insertion of a catheter or tube into an artery in the groin and then threading the catheter through the arteries of the body to the location of the plaque within the carotid artery in the neck. A stent is then placed to cover the plaque and hold the artery open. Participants randomized to this arm of the trial were treated using the RX Acculink Carotid Stent with or without the RX Accunet Embolic Protection Device.

Primary Outcomes

Measure
Any Periprocedural Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, or Death or Postprocedural Ipsilateral Stroke
time frame: 4 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure
Differential Efficacy of CAS and CEA in Male and Female Participants in the Primary Endpoint (Any Periprocedural Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, or Death or Postprocedural Ipsilateral Stroke).
time frame: 4 years

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

Inclusion Criteria: - Symptomatic patients with recent neurological events (TIA or non-disabling stroke) with an associated carotid stenosis greater than or equal to 50% by angiography or greater than or equal to 70% by ultrasound or greater than or equal to 70% by Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA) or Magnetic Resonance Angiography (MRA) are eligible for randomization. - Asymptomatic patients with no recent (in the last 6 months) neurological events referable to the study with artery and carotid stenosis (patients with symptoms beyond 180 days are considered asymptomatic) greater than or equal to 60% by angiography or greater than or equal to 70% by ultrasound or greater than or equal to 80% by CTA or MRA are eligible for randomization. Exclusion Criteria: - Conditions that: (1) interfere with the evaluation of endpoints, (2) are known to interfere with the completion of CEA or CAS, or (3) affect the likelihood of survival for the study period (4 years). Chronic atrial fibrillation and/or anti-coagulation or episodic atrial fibrillation within the last 6 months.

Additional Information

Official title Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy Versus Stenting Trial (CREST)
Principal investigator Thomas G. Brott, M.D.
Description The primary aim of the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial (CREST) is to contrast the relative effectiveness of carotid artery stenting (CAS) versus carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in preventing stroke, myocardial infarction, and death. Stents are medical devices approved and commonly used for treatment of heart disease. The stent that will be used in this trial is the Rapid Exchange(RX) ACCULINK(TM) Carotid Stent System, an elastic-like metal scaffold that is expanded inside a carotid artery to hold the vessel open. The RX ACCUNET(TM) Embolic Protection System (an umbrella-like device that expands above the narrowed portion of the carotid artery) will be used in conjunction with the RX ACCULINK stent. The RX ACCUNET system is designed to capture embolic material that could break off from the narrowed area in the carotid artery while still allowing blood to flow through the vessel during the procedure. Embolic material could block blood flow to the arteries beyond the narrowing and be harmful to the brain. The RX ACCUNET System is closed and removed after the stent is placed. CEA involves a neck incision and physical removal of the plaque from the inside of the artery. CAS involves insertion of a catheter or tube into an artery in the groin and then threading the catheter through the arteries of the body to the location of the plaque within the carotid artery in the neck. The stent is then placed to cover the plaque and hold the artery open. Participants will be randomly assigned to undergo either CAS or CEA, and all patients will receive best medical management, which includes treatment with aspirin, treatment of high blood pressure, and treatment of other stroke risk factors. Participants will be followed for up to ten years. With the simplification of the protocol for long-term follow-up, the focus for secondary outcomes is to assess restenosis and viability of the procedure. Restenosis rates on an annual basis in both the endarterectomy and stenting arms of the study will be assessed using carotid duplex ultrasound exams performed annually (standard of care). In addition to restenosis, the "viability" of the procedures will be assessed by the need (or lack of need) for repeat revascularization (either open surgical or endovascular) after the index procedure. The question "has a new carotid intervention been performed since last follow-up" will be asked at every contact with the patient. If answered positively, additional data will be collected on the appropriate case report forms(CRFs). LINKAGE OF CREST COHORT WITH CENTERS FOR MEDICAID AND MEDICARE SERVICES(CMS) ADMINISTRATIVE DATA The purpose of linking Medicare-eligible CREST participants with CMS data files is to assess patient outcomes and utilization of health care services. This plan to link in- and out-patient episodes of care using national Medicare data establishes a new resource that will enhance current follow-up strategies, as well as explore alternative strategies to ascertain patient outcomes for future clinical studies.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2014.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey.