Observation or Radiation Therapy With or Without Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Low-Grade Glioma
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Condition||brain and central nervous system tumors|
|Treatments||lomustine, procarbazine hydrochloride, vincristine sulfate, radiation therapy|
|Phase||phase 2/phase 3|
|Sponsor||Radiation Therapy Oncology Group|
|Collaborator||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|
|Start date||October 1998|
|End date||August 2005|
|Trial size||370 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00003375, CDR0000066367, E-R9802, NCCTG-R9802, RTOG-9802, RTOG-DEV-1012, SWOG-R9802|
RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy is more effective than radiation therapy alone in treating patients with low-grade glioma.
PURPOSE: Phase II/III trial to evaluate observation and to compare the effectiveness of radiation therapy with or without combination chemotherapy in treating patients with low-grade glioma.
|Intervention model||parallel assignment|
Radiation therapy only.
Radiation and Procarbazine/CCNU/Vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy
time frame: From randomization to date of death or last follow-up. Analysis occurs after all patients have been potentially followed for 5 years or 80 deaths have been reported.
time frame: From randomization to the date of progression, death or last follow-up. Analysis ours at the same time as the primary outcome analysis.
The severe or worse toxicities (>= grade 3) of unfavorable patients
time frame: From start of treatment to end of follow-up
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: - Histologically confirmed unifocal or multifocal supratentorial WHO grade II astrocytoma (diffuse fibrillary, protoplasmic, or gemistocytic), oligodendroglioma, or oligoastrocytoma - Patients with neurofibromatosis are eligible - No other low-grade histologies, including: - Pilocytic astrocytoma - Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma of tuberous sclerosis - Subependymoma - Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma - Presence of a neuronal element such as ganglioglioma - Dysneuroembryoplastic epithelial tumor - No presence of any high-grade glioma, including: - Anaplastic astrocytoma - Glioblastoma multiforme - Anaplastic oligodendroglioma - Anaplastic oligoastrocytoma - No tumors in nonsupratentorial or other locations including optic chiasm, optic nerve(s), pons, medulla, cerebellum, or spinal cord - No evidence of spread to spinal meninges or noncontiguous cranial meninges (i.e., leptomeningeal gliomatosis) - No gliomatosis cerebri PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: - 18 and over Performance status: - Karnofsky 60-100% Hematopoietic: - For high-risk patients: - Granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm^3 - Platelet count normal Hepatic: - Bilirubin no greater than 2 times normal - SGOT or SGPT no greater than 4 times normal - Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times normal Renal: - Creatinine no greater than 2 times normal Pulmonary: - No chronic lung disease (unless DLCO at least 60%) Neurological: - Neurologic function score no greater than 3 Other: - Not pregnant or nursing - Fertile patients must use effective contraception - No other malignancy within the past 5 years except carcinoma in situ of the cervix or nonmelanoma skin cancer - No active infection PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: - Not specified Chemotherapy: - No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: - Not specified Radiotherapy: - No prior radiotherapy to the head or neck (unless brain is clearly excluded, such as radiotherapy for localized vocal cord cancer) Surgery: - Not specified
|Official title||A Phase II Study of Observation in Favorable Low-Grade Glioma and a Phase II Study of Radiation With or Without PCV Chemotherapy in Unfavorable Low-Grade Glioma|
|Description||OBJECTIVES: - Identify the overall survival of low-risk adult patients with supratentorial low-grade glioma who are observed postoperatively. - Compare the overall survival of high-risk adult patients with supratentorial low-grade glioma who receive postoperative external beam radiotherapy with or without procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy. - Compare the toxic effects of postoperative radiotherapy with or without PCV chemotherapy in patients with unfavorable low-grade glioma. OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified according to tumor subtype (astrocytoma [mixed-astro dominant or equal astro/oligo mix] vs oligodendroglioma [mixed-oligo dominant]), age (younger than 40 vs at least 40), Karnofsky performance status (60-80% vs 90-100%), and contrast enhancement on preoperative scan (present vs absent). Patients with low-risk disease (younger than 40 years old whose tumors have been surgically removed) are assigned to arm I. Patients with high-risk disease (at least 40 years old or who have had incomplete tumor removal) are randomized to arm II or III. - Arm I (low-risk patients): Patients are observed. Patients may receive treatment if tumor recurs. - Arm II (high-risk patients): Patients receive daily external beam radiotherapy 5 days a week for 6 weeks. - Arm III (high-risk patients): Patients receive radiotherapy as in arm II followed by chemotherapy 1 month later. Chemotherapy consists of oral lomustine on day 1, vincristine IV on days 8 and 29, and oral procarbazine on days 8-21. Each course of chemotherapy lasts 8 weeks. Patients may receive up to 6 courses of chemotherapy. Patients are followed every 4 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 252 patients will be accrued within 5.25 years.|
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