Amifostine Plus Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Advanced, Unresectable Head and Neck Cancer
This trial is active, not recruiting.
|Conditions||drug/agent toxicity by tissue/organ, head and neck cancer, radiation toxicity|
|Treatments||amifostine trihydrate, cisplatin, paclitaxel, radiation therapy|
|Phase||phase 1/phase 2|
|Sponsor||University of Illinois at Chicago|
|Start date||December 1997|
|Trial size||46 participants|
|Trial identifier||NCT00003251, ALZA-UIC-H-97-783, CDR0000066133, NCI-V98-1389, UIC-H-97-783|
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs, such as amifostine, may protect normal cells from the side effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of amifostine plus cisplatin, paclitaxel, and radiation therapy in treating patients who have advanced unresectable head and neck cancer.
|Primary purpose||supportive care|
Male or female participants at least 18 years old.
DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically or cytologically documented metastatic or previously irradiated recurrent locoregional squamous cell or mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the head and neck Unresectable disease PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 OR Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: Greater than 4 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Granulocyte count at least 1500/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.5 times normal SGOT and SGPT no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min Other: No other significant infection No other medical or psychiatric illness Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: At least 1 month since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: At least 3 months since prior radiotherapy (patients with recurrent disease) to head and neck region Surgery: Not speciified Other: At least 24 hours since antihypertensive medication
|Official title||A Pilot Study of Amifostine and Concomitant Cisplatin, Paclitaxel and Radiotherapy in Previously Irradiated, Recurrent Head and Neck Cancer|
|Description||OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the efficacy and role of amifostine as a cytoprotection agent with concurrent chemoradiotherapy in advanced, previously irradiated or metastatic head and neck cancer. II. Determine the toxicity and response to cisplatin, paclitaxel and radiation therapy in these patients. III. Determine the toxicity of amifostine in these patients. OUTLINE: This is an open label study. Patients receive paclitaxel by continuous infusion on days 0-3. Amifostine IV is administered over 5 minutes on days 1-5. Radiation therapy is administered once daily on days 1-5. Cisplatin IV is administered on day 5. Patients receive no treatment on days 6-13. Treatment is repeated every 2 weeks for up to 7 courses in the absence of disease progression and unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed monthly during the first year, every 2 months during the second year, then every 3 months thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: This study will accrue 16-46 patients.|
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