This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition brain and central nervous system tumors
Treatments carmustine, temozolomide
Phase phase 2
Sponsor North American Brain Tumor Consortium
Collaborator National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Start date January 1998
Trial size 82 participants
Trial identifier NCT00003176, CDR0000065986, NABTC-9701, NCI-T96-0082


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of temozolomide and carmustine in treating patients with anaplastic glioma.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Primary purpose treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed malignant glioma - Recurrent glioblastoma - Anaplastic astrocytoma - Mixed anaplastic glioma For recurrent glioblastoma: Required documented progression must include an increase in tumor size of at least 25% or appearance of new lesion For anaplastic astrocytoma or mixed anaplastic glioma: Must have measurable, contrast enhancing disease on postoperative CT or MRI scan No postoperative radiation or chemotherapy If patients have received prior brachytherapy or stereotactic radiosurgery, they must have confirmation of true progressive disease rather than radiation necrosis by PET scanning or biopsy PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,800/mm3 Platelet count at least 125,000/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9 g/dL (transfusion allowed) Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dL SGOT less than 2.0 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance greater than 70 mL/min Cardiovascular: No uncontrolled arrhythmias or conduction defects No unstable or newly diagnosed angina pectoris No New York Heart Association class II-IV heart disease No congestive heart failure No major problems with edema (e.g., severe Cushing's syndrome, residual leg swelling from deep-vein thrombosis) No recent coronary artery disease No poorly controlled hypertension (diastolic greater than 110 mmHg and systolic greater than 180 mmHg) Pulmonary: DLCO greater than 80% of expected value Other: HIV negative No major psychiatric illness No other prior malignancy except adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been free of disease for 5 years Not pregnant or nursing Adequate contraception required of all fertile patients PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No concurrent biologic therapy Chemotherapy: No prior nitrosourea or temozolomide No more than 1 prior chemotherapy regimen allowed for patients with glioblastoma At least 6 weeks since mitomycin or procarbazine and recovered At least 4 weeks since other prior chemotherapy and recovered No other concurrent chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: If receiving steroids, must be on a stable steroid dose for at least 72 hours prior to study No other concurrent endocrine therapy Radiotherapy: At least 6 weeks since radiotherapy No greater than 10-20% of marrow irradiated in prior radiotherapy No other concurrent radiotherapy Surgery: Surgery allowed

Additional Information

Official title A Phase II Trial of Temozolomide and BCNU for Anaplastic Gliomas
Description OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the activity, measured in terms of progression free survival, of carmustine plus temozolomide in recurrent glioblastoma. II. Estimate the response rate of recurrent glioblastomas to this combination. III. Estimate the response rate of newly diagnosed anaplastic astrocytomas and mixed anaplastic glioma to this combination. IV. Evaluate the qualitative and quantitative toxicities of this combination in patients with anaplastic gliomas. OUTLINE: This is a nonrandomized study. Patients are stratified by disease (recurrent glioblastoma vs anaplastic astrocytoma or mixed anaplastic glioma). Patients receive carmustine intravenously on day 1 two hours prior to temozolomide. Temozolomide is administered orally on day 1. Cycles repeat every 42 days. Treatment for patients with recurrent glioblastoma may continue for 8 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. If there is no disease progression after 8 cycles, treatment may continue further at the investigator's discretion. Patients with anaplastic astrocytoma or mixed anaplastic glioma continue for 4 cycles of treatment. Patients are followed periodically at the investigator's discretion, at least twice in the first 4 months, and then until death. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 17 patients and a maximum of 37 patients will be accrued in the recurrent glioblastoma stratum and 45 patients will be accrued into the anaplastic astrocytoma and mixed anaplastic glioma stratum.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2008.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).