This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions brain and central nervous system tumors, leukemia, lymphoma, unspecified childhood solid tumor, protocol specific
Treatment liposomal cytarabine
Phase phase 1
Sponsor Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc
Start date February 1997
Trial size 15 participants
Trial identifier NCT00003073, CDR0000065754, DTC-96-002, NCI-V97-1336, SKYEPHARMA-96-002


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of liposomal cytarabine in treating young patients who have recurrent or refractory meningeal leukemia, lymphoma, or solid tumors.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Primary purpose treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants from 1 year up to 21 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven recurrent or refractory leukemia, lymphoma, or other solid tumor that has overt meningeal involvement Definition of meningeal disease: Leukemia/lymphoma: CSF cell count at least 5/mm3 and evidence of blast cells on cytospin preparation or cytology Solid tumors: Presence of tumor cells on cytospin preparation or cytology OR evidence of meningeal disease on CT or MRI scan No bone marrow disease PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 1 to 21 Performance Status: ECOG 0-2 Life Expectancy: At least 8 weeks Hematopoietic: Platelet count greater than 40,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL ALT less than 5 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Effective contraceptive method used by fertile patients No uncontrolled illness or infection (except for HIV positive patients) No obstructive hydrocephalus or compartmentalization of the CSF flow PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No acute toxic effects from prior immunotherapy No prior allogeneic or autologous bone marrow transplantations within 3 months of study Chemotherapy: No prior systemic CNS directed chemotherapy within 3 weeks of study No prior nitrosourea within 6 weeks of study No prior intrathecal chemotherapy within 1 week of study No acute toxic effects from prior chemotherapy No prior DTC 101 Concurrent systemic chemotherapy for management of primary cancer allowed Concurrent dexamethasone with systemic chemotherapy regimen allowed No concurrent chemotherapy for leptomeningeal disease No concurrent high dose methotrexate, high dose cytarabine, mercaptopurine, thiotepa, fluorouracil, and topotecan Endocrine therapy: Concurrent prednisone therapy with systemic chemotherapy allowed Radiotherapy: No prior craniospinal irradiation within 8 weeks of study No acute toxic effects from prior radiotherapy Concurrent local radiation therapy allowed No concurrent whole brain or craniospinal radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified Other: At least 2 weeks since investigational drugs and recovered No other concurrent investigational drugs Concurrent antibiotic therapy allowed

Additional Information

Official title A Phase I Dose Escalation Study of Intrathecal DepoFoam Encapsulated Cytarabine (DTC 101) in Pediatric Patients With Advanced Meningeal Malignancies
Description OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the qualitative or quantitative toxic effects and tolerability of liposomal cytarabine (Depofoam encapsulated cytarabine; DTC 101) in pediatric patients with recurrent or refractory meningeal malignancies. II. Define a safe dose of DTC 101 in these patients for future clinical studies. III. Determine the plasma and CSF pharmacokinetics of DTC 101 in these patients. OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation, multicenter study. Patients are placed in one of three age-related strata: stratum 1, 3 to 21 years of age; stratum 2, at least 2 but less than 3 years of age; stratum 3, at least 1 but less than 2 years of age. Patients receive an induction dose of intrathecal liposomal cytarabine (Depofoam encapsulated cytarabine; DTC 101) administered once every 2 weeks for 2 courses. Patients who have achieved a partial response or received significant clinical benefit with stable disease may receive a third induction dose of DTC 101, 2 weeks following the second dose. In the absence of progressive disease, patients can proceed to consolidation therapy. During consolidation therapy, intrathecal DTC 101 is administered once every 4 weeks for 2 courses, beginning 4 weeks after the last induction dose. Patients experiencing a complete or significant response can proceed to maintenance therapy. Patients receive a maintenance dose of intrathecal DTC 101 once every 8 weeks for a total of 6 doses, beginning 4 weeks after the second consolidation dose. At least 3 patients are evaluated at each dose level. Dose escalation to the next level proceeds when a minimum of 3 patients per cohort has successfully completed induction therapy and been evaluated. Patients will be followed at 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months post treatment, until relapse or death. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 12-15 patients will be accrued for each stratum over 18 to 24 months.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in March 2010.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).