This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition head and neck cancer
Treatments cisplatin, fluorouracil, conventional surgery, low-let cobalt-60 gamma ray therapy, low-let photon therapy
Phase phase 3
Sponsor European Institute of Oncology
Start date September 1992
Trial size 240 participants
Trial identifier NCT00002747, CDR0000064678, CNR-012309


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It is not yet known if surgery plus radiation therapy is more effective with or without chemotherapy for treating mouth cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of surgery and radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy in treating patients with stage II, stage III, or stage IV mouth cancer.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Primary purpose treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants up to 70 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Squamous cell carcinoma of the lower oral cavity eligible for resection T2 (greater than 3 cm), T3, or T4, and N0-3 M0 (UICC staging system) No requirement for postsurgical reconstruction that would impede further radiotherapy PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 70 and under Performance status: WHO 0 or 1 Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 2,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 110,000/mm3 Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.3 mg/dL Creatinine clearance at least 50 mg/mL BUN no greater than 50 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No cardiopathy Other: No significant internal disease No prior malignancy except basal cell carcinoma of the skin No geographic barrier to treatment PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior therapy

Additional Information

Description OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the short- and long-term local control rates, disease-free survival, and overall survival following treatment with neoadjuvant cisplatin plus fluorouracil followed by surgery with or without radiotherapy vs surgery alone with or without radiotherapy in patients with previously untreated stage II-IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity. II. Assess the prognostic significance of clinical and pathologic responses to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in these patients. III. Compare the short- and long-term toxic effects of these two regimens. OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by center and nodal status (N0 vs N1-2 vs N3). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive cisplatin IV on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with stable disease after 2 courses or progressive disease at any time proceed to surgery. Patients undergo resection of the primary tumor site and possible nodal dissection no sooner than 2 weeks after completion of chemotherapy. Patients then undergo radiotherapy over 5-6 weeks no later than 8 weeks after surgery. Arm II: Patients undergo surgery and radiotherapy as in arm I. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then yearly thereafter. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 240 patients will be accrued for this study over 9 years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in September 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).