This trial is active, not recruiting.

Conditions colorectal cancer, metastatic cancer
Treatments fluorouracil, isolated perfusion, leucovorin calcium
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Medical Research Council
Start date December 1994
Trial size 312 participants
Trial identifier NCT00002692, CDR0000064434, EU-95032, MRC-CR05


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of intravenous infusion or intrahepatic infusion of fluorouracil and leucovorin in treating patients with colorectal cancer metastatic to the liver.

United States No locations recruiting
Other countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Primary purpose treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants of any age.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum with metastases confined to the liver and not amenable to surgery PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Any age Performance status: WHO 0-2 Life expectancy: More than 3 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 3.5 mg/dL (50 micromoles/liter) Renal: Not specified Cardiovascular: No uncontrolled heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure, angina) Other: No uncontrolled infection No other uncontrolled medical illness PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior fluorouracil (5-FU) for advanced disease More than 6 months since adjuvant 5-FU (e.g., in AXIS or QUASAR studies)

Additional Information

Description OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the survival and response rates of patients with colorectal liver metastases treated with intravenous vs. intrahepatic arterial infusion of fluorouracil/leucovorin. II. Assess the effect of these 2 treatments on symptoms and quality of life of these patients. OUTLINE: Randomized study. Patients randomized to Arm II should have a preoperative hepatic angiography; at laparotomy, an intrahepatic arterial catheter is fused into the gastroduodenal artery to establish an infusion of both lobes of the liver. Arm I: Single-Agent Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation. Fluorouracil, 5-FU, NSC-19893; with Leucovorin calcium, CF, NSC-3590. Intravenous infusion. Arm II: Single-Agent Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation. 5-FU; with CF. Intrahepatic arterial infusion. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 312 patients are expected to be randomized within 3-4 years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).