Overview

This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition leukemia
Treatments cyclosporine, etoposide, mitoxantrone hydrochloride
Phase phase 2
Sponsor University Medical Centre Groningen
Start date February 1995
Trial size 25 participants
Trial identifier NCT00002688, CDR0000064413, DUT-KWF-CKVO-9412, EU-95003

Summary

RATIONALE: Some cancers become resistant to chemotherapy drugs. Combining cyclosporine with chemotherapy may prevent resistance to the drugs and allow the cancer cells to be killed.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of adding cyclosporine to combination chemotherapy in treating patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Primary purpose treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants at least 18 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) in the following categories: Refractory to initial standard therapy consisting of idarubicin/cytarabine and amsacrin/cytarabine (on protocol HOVON 29) First or subsequent relapse following complete response to standard chemotherapy (on protocols HOVON 4/4A or 11 or any other protocol) At least 6 months between mitoxantrone/etoposide and relapse No myelodysplasia PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not applicable Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2 x normal Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 x normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.7 mg/dl (150 micromoles/liter) OR Creatinine clearance at least 60 ml/min Cardiovascular: No uncontrolled hypertension No other severe cardiac disease Pulmonary: No severe pulmonary disease Other: No known intolerance to any study drug No uncontrolled severe infection Not HIV seropositive No severe neurologic or metabolic disease No concomitant malignancy except: Nonmelanomatous skin cancer In situ cervical carcinoma No pregnant women PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: See Disease Characteristics

Additional Information

Official title AML-MVPCYA: ADDITION OF CYCLOSPORIN A TO THE COMBINATION OF MITOXANTRONE AND ETOPOSIDE (VP 16,213) TO OVERCOME RESISTANCE TO CHEMOTHERAPY IN REFRACTORY AML: A RANDOMIZED PHASE II STUDY
Description OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate whether the addition of cyclosporine (CYSP) to mitoxantrone (DHAD) and etoposide (VP-16) increases the response rate and duration of response in adults with refractory or relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). II. Correlate response to this treatment with the presence of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) multidrug resistance (MDR) and the degree of in vitro modulation of leukemic blasts, including CD34+ blasts. III. Correlate response with the presence of other resistance mechanisms, such as atypical MDR and non-P-gp phenotype. IV. Evaluate the toxicity of this treatment in AML patients. V. Study the effect of CYSP on DHAD and VP-16 pharmacokinetics and metabolism and, potentially, on intracellular drug accumulation. OUTLINE: Randomized study. The following acronyms are used: CYSP Cyclosporine, NSC-290193 DHAD Mitoxantrone, NSC-301739 VP-16 Etoposide, NSC-141540 Arm I: 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy. DHAD; VP-16. Arm II: 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy with Drug Resistance Inhibition. DHAD; VP-16; with CYSP. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: At least 25 patients/arm will be entered over approximately 3 years.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).