This trial is active, not recruiting.

Condition multiple myeloma and plasma cell neoplasm
Treatments filgrastim, recombinant interferon alfa, sargramostim, carmustine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, melphalan, methylprednisolone, prednisone, vincristine sulfate, low-let cobalt-60 gamma ray therapy, low-let photon therapy
Phase phase 3
Sponsor Medical Research Council
Start date September 1994
Trial size 750 participants
Trial identifier NCT00002599, CDR0000063834, EU-94030, MRC-LEUK-MYEL-VII


RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation with chemotherapy may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more cancer cells. Interferon alfa may interfere with the growth of cancer cells. It is not yet known whether a more intensive chemotherapy regimen plus stem cell or bone marrow transplant is more effective than standard chemotherapy in treating patients with myeloma.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of two different regimens of combination chemotherapy plus interferon alfa with or without high dose melphalan or bone marrow or peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients with previously untreated myeloma.

United States No locations recruiting
Other Countries No locations recruiting

Study Design

Allocation randomized
Primary purpose treatment

Eligibility Criteria

Male or female participants up to 64 years old.

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Definite myeloma requiring chemotherapy and fulfilling at least 2 of the following criteria: Neoplastic plasma cell infiltrate and/or microplasmacytomas on bone marrow aspiration and/or trephine Paraprotein in blood and/or urine Definite lytic bone lesions (not simply osteoporosis) No equivocal myeloma (such patients should be registered with the Clinical Trial Service Unit, Oxford) PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Under 65 Performance status: Not specified Hematopoietic: (following rehydration and treatment for infection, if necessary) ANC at least 1,000 Platelets at least 50,000 Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Renal insufficiency does not necessarily exclude (dose reduction may be applicable) Cardiovascular: No severe cardiac disease Past history of ischemic heart disease may exclude at the discretion of the investigator Pulmonary: No severe respiratory illness Other: Ability to tolerate at least 3 liters/day of fluid No life-threatening disease unrelated to myeloma Prior or concurrent psychiatric disorder may exclude at the discretion of the investigator No prior malignancy except: Nonmelanomatous skin tumors In situ carcinomas PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior therapy other than minimal local radiotherapy for relief of bone pain

Additional Information

Description OBJECTIVES: I. Compare survival of patients under age 65 with myeloma treated with standard ABCM (doxorubicin, carmustine, cyclophosphamide, melphalan) vs. intensive C-VAMP (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, methylprednisolone) followed by high-dose melphalan (with or without total-body irradiation) with bone marrow and peripheral blood stem cell support, both with IFN-A maintenance. II. Compare the toxicity profiles of the 2 treatment arms. III. Compare the 2 treatment arms with respect to quality of life and health economics issues. IV. Investigate cellular changes by means of linked morphology, phenotype, and cytogenetics studies before and after treatment and at relapse. OUTLINE: Randomized study. The following acronyms are used: ABM Autologous Bone Marrow BCNU Carmustine, NSC-409962 CTX Cyclophosphamide, NSC-26271 DOX Doxorubicin, NSC-123127 G-CSF Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (Amgen), NSC-614629 GM-CSF Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony Stimulating Factor (source not specified) IFN-A Interferon alpha (Hoffmann-La Roche), NSC-367982 L-PAM Melphalan, NSC-8806 MePRDL Methylprednisolone, NSC-19987 PBSC Peripheral Blood Stem Cells PRED Prednisone, NSC-10023 TBI Total-Body Irradiation VCR Vincristine, NSC-67574 ARM I. Induction: 4-Drug Combination Chemotherapy or, as indicated, 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy. ABCM: DOX; BCNU; CTX; L-PAM; or, if pretreatment ANC and platelets are less than 1,300 and 75,000, CTX; PRED. Maintenance: Biological Response Modifier Therapy. IFN-A. ARM II. Induction: 4-Drug Combination Chemotherapy followed by Hematopoietic Stimulation. C-VAMP: DOX; VCR; MePRDL; CTX; followed by CTX; G-CSF or GM-CSF. Consolidation: 3-Drug Combination Chemoablation with or without Radioablation followed by Hematopoietic Rescue. CTX; L-PAM; MePRDL; with or without TBI using megavoltage equipment (linear accelerator preferred); followed by ABM and/or PBSC. Maintenance: Biological Response Modifier Therapy. IFN-A. PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 750 patients will be accrued.
Trial information was received from ClinicalTrials.gov and was last updated in December 2013.
Information provided to ClinicalTrials.gov by National Cancer Institute (NCI).