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Name Synonyms Description
2SC Immunohistochemistry for 2-succinyl cysteine (2SC) is a test developed at Oxford UK for determining if tumor tissue is connected to HLRCC- Fumarate Hydratase (FH) mutation
4AP 4ap, 4 ap, 4 AP, 4-AP, 4-ap 4AP extended release is a version of Ampyra compounded by a pharmacist. Amypyra / dalfampridine is available ready-made and is approved to help walking and foot drop in multiple sclerosis.
4slash2 4/2, 28/14 Refers to a cycle of taking a drug such as Sutent for 4 weeks (28 days) and then having a break for 2 weeks (14 days). An alternative is 2/1 or 14/7 - taking for 2 weeks (14 days) and a break for 1 week (7 days) to reduce Side Effects, but with lower drug blood level peak.
504 Plan 504 The 504 Plan is a plan developed to ensure that a child who has a disability identified under the law and is attending an elementary or secondary educational institution receives accommodations that will ensure their academic success and access to the learning environment.
5FU 5-FU, 5-fu, 5fu 5FU also known as Fluorouracil is a chemotherapy drug for some types of cancer such as bowel, breast, stomach, gastrointestinal and some Ovarian cancers.
5HIAA 5-HIAA, HIAA, 5H1AA, 5-H1AA The 5HIAA test can diagnose carcinoid tumors that secrete serotonin and can be used to monitor how well treatment is doing.
6-MP 6mp, 6-mp, 6MP Mercaptocurine is an immune suppressor used against some kinds of cancers and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
A1C A1c, a1c, a1C, hemoglobin A1c, HbA1c, glycohemoglobin A1C tests for average blood sugar over three months, analyzing how well diabetes is being controlled overall.
AAA Abdominal aortic aneurysm.
AACR American Association of Cancer Researchers
ab a/b, AB, A/B, Ab Antibody.
abd Abdomen, abdominal; referring to the area of the body between the chest and the pelvis.
Abernethy Abernethy malformation is a very rare congenital vascular malformation defined by diversion of portal blood away from liver.
ablation abliation, abilation, ablated, ablating, ablate Ablation is the removal or destruction of a body part, tissue, or its function by surgery, radiofrequency, heat, cryoablation (freezing), radiation, electroporation, or non-systemic drugs or hormones.
ABRT Activity-based restorative therapy (ABRT) provides patterned activities to help regenerate the nervous system and maintain it.
abscess A swollen area within body tissue, containing an accumulation of pus.
abscopal effect abscopal When radiation or other localized treatment kills cancer cells, the dead cells may help the immune system recognize live cancer cells as enemies. If distant metastases disappear due to localized treatment, it's called abscopal effect.
ABVD abvd A chemotherapy combination with Adriamycin (doxorubicin), bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine. First-line treatment for Hodkin lymphoma.
AC ac, Ac, A/C, a/c, A/c 1) Airway clearance, an important issue in cystic fibrosis. Techniques for airway clearance can vary. 2) A chemotherapy combo of Adriamycin (doxorubicin) and Cytoxan (cyclophosphamide) used for breast cancer.
AC-T AC/T Adriamycin and Cytoxan, with a break followed by Taxol. Used for triple-negative breast cancer and metaplastic breast cancer.
ACC Acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas, also acinar cell carcinoma, is a rare malignant exocrine tumour of the pancreas. It represents 5% of all exocrine tumours of the pancreas.
ACDFP ACDF Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a surgical procedure performed to remove a herniated or degenerative disc in the cervical (neck) spine. ACDFP = with plate.
ACE inhibitor Ace inhibitor, ACE, Ace ACE inhibitors lower blood pressure. (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme inhibitors.)
ACG American College of Gastroenterology.
achalasia A rare disorder that makes it difficult for food and liquid to pass into the stomach. When the esophagus loses the ability to squeeze food down, and the muscular valve between the esophagus and stomach doesn't fully relax.
acinic cell carcinoma AcCC Acinic cell carcinoma is a malignant tumor most commonly found in the parotid gland.
ACKC Action to Cure Kidney Cancer (ACKC) is an advocacy organization established by kidney cancer patients and caregivers to seek funding for research to find a cure.
ACL The anterior cruciate ligament in the knee is prone to injury and tearing.
ACLS Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) refers to a set of clinical interventions for the urgent treatment of cardiac arrest, stroke and other life threatening medical emergencies.
ACOR acor Association of Cancer Online Resources
acronym An abbreviation of a term using the first letter of each word and pronounced as a word itself, like NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) or NASA.
ACS 1) American Cancer Society. 2) Advanced Care Scripts in Orlando, Florida, is a specialty pharmacy that handles some expensive specialty medications like cancer drugs by mail.
ACSM American College of Sports Medicine
ACT ACTs, ACT's 1) Anti-coagulation therapy keeps blood from forming unwanted clots. 2) Airway clearance technique(s) for cystic fibrosis. 3) Adoptive cell therapy, an immunotherapy. 4) Acceptance and commitment therapy, a psychological therapy. 5) Adriamycin, Cytoxan, and Taxol. 6) Australian Capital Territory.
ACTH Adrenocorticotropic hormone.
Activator activator 1) A chiropractic activator is a small handheld spring-loaded instrument which delivers a small impulse to the spine. 2). Activator (genetics), a DNA-binding protein that regulates one or more genes by increasing the rate of transcription.
ACV Apple cider vinegar.
AD ADs, AD's, ad, ads, ad's, Ad, Ads, Ad's 1) Antidepressant, a medication to ease depression. 2) Alzheimer's disease. 3) (Lower case) American term for advertisement.
ADA The American Dietetic Association (ADA) officially changed its name in 2012 to the The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (A.N.D.). It is the United States' largest organization of food and nutrition professionals, with close to 72,000 members. It should be noted that membership in the organization is mandatory for many professional positions.
ADC antibody-drug conjugate, ADCs, ADC's, conjugat An antibody-drug conjugate binds together a cytotoxic drug to kill cancer cells and an antibody to carry the conjugate to the cancer cells.
ADD Attention Deficit Disorder is officially called Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It involves non-defiant lack of attention; fidgeting, moving, or talking at inappropriate times; and/or impulsivity.
ADEM acute disseminated encephalomyelitis Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis causes multiple inflammatory lesions in the brain and spinal cord, all appearing at the same time. If demyelination occurs more than once, it is called recurrent or multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis.
adeno Adeno Adenocarcinoma (Adeno) is a cancer that develops in the glandular tissues of the body.
ADH 1) Atypical ductal hyperplasia, a benign breast lesion indicating higher than normal risk of breast cancer. 2) Antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin) prevents kidneys from eliminating too much water.
ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is not due to defiance or a lack of understanding. ADHD involves inattention; inappropriate fidgeting, movement, or talking; and/or lack of impulse control.
adhesions Adhesions are fibrous bands that form between tissues and organs, often as a result of injury during surgery.
adjunctive adjunct Added to something that's primary - for example, adjunctive therapy.
adjuvant therapy adjactive Adjuvant therapy is given in addition to the primary, main, or initial treatment to increase chances of a cure and to prevent or postpone recurrence. It may be used after surgery, such as chemotherapy, radiation or hormone therapy.
adjuvant treatment adjuvant Adjuvant treatment is additional medical treatment to help reach a goal such as preventing or postponing recurrence of a disease.
ADL Activities of daily living. The tasks of everyday life.
ADR Adverse Drug Reaction is any noxious, undesired, or unintended response to a therapeutic agent (drug).
ADT Androgen deprivation therapy is a type of treatment for prostate cancer.
AE AEs, ae, Ae, ae's An adverse event is known to patients as an undesired side effect.
AER azygoesophageal The azygoesophageal recess is the area where the right lung borders the esophagus and azygos vein. It shows up as a line in scans and x-rays.
AF af Atrial fibrillation, a condition in which disorganized electrical signals cause rapid, irregular contractions of the atria (the upper chambers of the heart).
AFAIK Internet abbreviation: "As far as I know".
AFB 1) Acid fast bacilli testing for tuberculosis. 2) Air Force Base.
afib afibrillation Atrial fibrillation is an often rapid, irregular or quivering heartbeat that can cause stroke, heart failure, or other heart problems
AFM afm, Afm Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is similar to transverse myelitis but affects the gray matter instead of white matter. The resulting problems do not involve spasticity.
AFO AFOs, AFO's, afo, afo's, afos, Afo, Afos, Afo's Ankle-foot orthotic, a lightweight brace to support the foot and ankle
AFP afp Alfa-fetoprotein. A high level in blood can indicate certain cancers.
AGH Allegheny General Hospital is part of Allegheny Health Network in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.
AGILE AGILE Clinical Research Trials (agileCRT) provides Phase II-IV clinical trials service to the pharmaceutical and biotechnology clients.
aGVHD agvh, aGVH, A-GVHD, A-GVH Acute graft-versus-host disease begins during the first 100 days to 6 months after an allogeneic stem cell or bone marrow transplant. It has fewer symptoms and typically doesn't last as long as chronic GVHD. Symptoms can range from mild to severe.
AHCC Active Hexose Correlated Compound (AHCC) is derived from shiitake mushrooms. It is 40 percent polysaccharides including beta-glucan and acetylated alpha-glucan, which is unique to AHCC.
AHRQ The federal Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality is part of the US Dept. of Health and Human Services.
AI AIs 1) Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are usually used to treat breast or ovarian cancer in postmenopausal women. 2) Autoimmune. 3) Artificial intelligence.
AICR American Institute for Cancer Research.
AIHM Academy of Integrative Health and Medicine.
AIHW Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
AIIMS All India Institute of Medical Science in Delhi.
AIM 1) A common anti-cancer combination of doxorubicin, ifosfamide, and mesna for sarcoma. 2) The Advanced Illness Management program helps meet the needs of patients and their family members.
AIP diet AIP, Aip, aip The Autoimmune Protocol diet (also known as Autoimmune Paleo diet) is a restrictive diet to remove gut irritants and heal the immune system.
AIS Adenocarcinoma in situ. Abnormal cells are found in the glandular tissue of certain internal organs (i.e. the uterus, cervix, lung, pancreas, and colon) and may become cancer.
AITL Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
AJCC American Joint Committee on Cancer.
AK ak, Ak 1) An actinic keratosis is a rough, scaly, possibly precancerous patch on skin after years of sun exposure. 2) Abbrev. for "above the knee."
aka AKA AKA is an abbreviation for "also known as."
AKT Akt, AKT1 Akt (now also called Akt1) is a serine⁄threonine kinase that regulates cell survival and stimulates cell cycle progression.
AL Al, al, AL-Amy, AL-AMY 1) Amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis, primary amyloidosis, or primary systemic amyloidosis (PSA) is similar to multiple myeloma and may be found in multiple myeloma patients. Light-chain proteins form fibrils in tissues and organs, disrupting their functioning. 2) The Latin phrase _et al._ means "and others."
ALA An abbreviation for various acids. On SP, usually alpha lipoic acid.
ala Ala 1) A bodily structure that resembles a wing; ala of the sacrum, nasal ala. 2) On SP, alpha lipoic acid.
ALCL Anaplastic large cell lymphoma -An aggressive (fast-growing) type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is usually of the T-cell type.
ALect2 LECT2 amyloidosis, ALECT, ALECT2 ALect2 (LECT2 amyloidosis) involves overproduction of LECT2 (leukocyte chemotactic factor 2) protein, causing amyloid deposits mainly in the kidneys.
ALK Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) plays an important role in the development of the brain and exerts its effects on specific neurons in the nervous system.
ALL Acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute lymphocytic leukemia. An aggressive (fast-growing) type of leukemia (blood cancer) in which too many lymphoblasts (immature white blood cells) are found in the blood and bone marrow.
Allo allo, allo-SCT An allogeneic stem cell transplant uses stem cells from a well-matched donor, usually to treat a hematological (blood) cancer.
Allocation A clinical trial design strategy used to assign participants to an arm of a study. Types of Allocation include Randomized, and Nonrandomized.
allogeneic allogenic Having different genes. An allogeneic stem cell transplant uses material from a person other than the donor.
ALND alnd Axillary lymph node dissection.
ALP Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP) is a protein found in all body tissues. Tissues with higher amounts of ALP include the liver, bile ducts, and bone. Abnormal results may be due to a variety of conditions.
ALS als, Gehrig Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, AKA Lou Gehrig's disease, is a motor neuron disease. Deterioration in nerve cells that control voluntary motion causes increasing disabilities.
ALT alt 1) Alanine aminotransferase, a liver enzyme and indicator of liver function often checked in blood testing. 2) Alternate. 3) Autologous lymphocyte therapy.
Alz Informal abbrev. for Alzheimer's disease.
AM Time: Abbreviation for "ante meridiem" or before midday. The hours between midnight and noon.
AMA American Medical Association is an association of physicians and medical students in the United States.
AML aml, A.M.L., Aml 1) Acute myelogenous (or myeloid) leukemia is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow. 2) Angiomyolipoma is a type of benign fatty tumor.
AMMF AMMF refers to the Alan Morement Memorial Fund - The Cholangiocarcinoma Charity. It is a registered charity in the UK dealing with bile duct cancer.
AMPK ampk, Ampk Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase, one of many molecular regulators of cell metabolism.
AMPS Amplified Muscular Pain Syndrome covers a number of disorders involving pain.
Ampullary ampulla Ampullary cancer, or ampullary carcinoma, is a fairly rare form of cancer that forms in a body part called the ampulla of Vater. The ampulla of Vater is a small opening that enters into the first portion of the small intestine, known as the duodenum.
Ampyra dalfampridine Ampyra is FDA-approved to help with walking and foot drop in multiple sclerosis.
AMY Amy, amy, Amyl AMY is an abbreviation for amyloidosis. AL AMY is primary amyloidosis. AA AMY is secondary amyloidosis.
Amyloidosis amyloidosis Amyloidosis is a group of diseases that result from abnormal protein deposits in various tissues of the body.
ANA Ana The antinuclear antibody test. Most people with lupus have a positive ANA test. However, most people with a positive ANA test do not have lupus.
anaplastic anaplasia Having lost the mature differentiation of a normal cell, an anaplastic tumor cell is considered very poorly differentiated (highly mutated).
anasarca Extreme generalized edema (swelling).
anastomosis anastamoses A cross-connection. In EC, the junction where the lower part of the digestive tract is surgically attached to the upper part after removal of the cancerous esophagus.
ANC Anc, anc Absolute neutrophil count. Neutrophils are a type of white blood cell which helps the body fight infection. ANC may be used to check for infection, inflammation, leukemia, and other conditions.
ANCA Anca, anca ANCAs are antineutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies.
angiogenesis Angiogenesis The process of growing new blood vessels. (Many cancers grow abnormal amounts of new blood vessels to steal the nutrients they need from the patient.)
Angiomyolipoma angiomyolipoma Angiomyolipomas are the most common benign tumour of the kidney and are composed of blood vessels, smooth muscle cells and fat cells.
angioplasty A surgery to unblock a blocked artery to the heart.
Angiosarcoma Angiosarcoma is a cancer of the inner lining of blood vessels, and it can occur in any area of the body. The disease most commonly occurs in the skin, breast, liver, spleen, and deep tissue.
anoikis Anoikis A type of programmed cell death that occurs when a living cell breaks away from the structure it is part of.
anterior nearer the front, especially situated in the front of the body or nearer to the head.
anti-CCP Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide is an antibody. It is elevated in the blood of most people with rheumatoid arthritis.
antiangiogenesis anti-angiogenesis, anti-angiogenic, antiangiogenic Antiangiogenesis is the stopping of formation and growth of new blood vessels. Antiangiogenic drugs prevent new blood vessels from forming.
antibiotics ABX, abx, Abx, ABx Antibiotics are drugs that fight infections by killing bacteria within the patient.
antimitotic Antimitotic drugs inhibit or attack cells that are dividing and are often used to kill cancer cells.
antiphospholipid antibody syndrome APS, aps, Aps An autoimmune disorder in which the body mistakenly creates antibodies which attack a needed type of fat (phospholipids) and cause abnormal clotting.
AO HO Agent Orange (AO) or Herbicide Orange (HO) was one of a class of color-coded herbicides that British and US forces sprayed over the rural landscape during wartime to kill trees, shrubs and food crops over large areas prior to 1971.
AOW Army of Women (AOW) is a partnership between the Dr. Susan Love Research Foundation and the Avon Foundation for Women which researches the causes of breast cancer.
AP-PA radiation therapy AP PA, AP/PA, ap/pa AP/PA (anterior/posterior) refers to the the use of two opposed treatment fields. One radiation treatment field. The anterior treatment field comes in from the patient's front. The posterior treatment field comes in from the patient's back. AP/PA is a common set-up for palliative radiation treatments.
APAP APAP is the abbreviation for the drug Acetaminophen. Acetaminophen is a pain and fever reducer. The brand name drug Tylenol contains Acetaminophen.
APC 1) Antigen-presenting cells carry antigens on their surface to show to other immune system cells, boosting immune response. 2) Adenomatous polyposis coli is a tumor suppressor gene. Mutations can allow tumors to grow.
APD Antepartum or antenatal depression (APD) affects some women, and occasionally men, before the birth of a child.
APL Acute promyelocytic leukemia - An aggressive (fast-growing) type of acute myeloid leukemia in which there are too many immature blood-forming cells in the blood and bone marrow.
apnea hypopnea index AHI, ahi The AHI counts the number of apnea or hypopnea incidents per hour.
APR apr, Apr Abdominoperineal resection is surgery for rectal or anal cancer.
APRN An advanced practice registered nurse has at least a master's degree in nursing.
AQP4 Aquaporin, aquaporins Aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is a family of proteins found on the surface of cells. It is the principal water channel of the central nervous system.
arachnoiditis Arachnoiditis is very painful stinging or burning inflammation of the arachnoid layer of the meninges (the middle layer of the membrane that surrounds and protects the spinal cord).
ARB Arb ARBs (angiotensin II receptor blockers) are used to lower blood pressure.
ARM ARMS 1) Adult Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous (malignant) tumor of the muscles that are attached to the bones. 2) Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma is a type of rhabdomyosarcoma characterized by its appearance, which is similar to the alveoli of the lungs
ARNP Advanced registered nurse practitioner.
AS AS stands for angiosarcoma.
ASA 1) Angiosarcoma Awareness. 2) Acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), the chemical name for aspirin. 3) ASA score, an assessment of general healthiness by the American Society of Anesthesiologists.
ASAP As soon as possible
ascites Ascites Ascites is excess fluid in the space between the membranes lining the abdomen and abdominal organs (the peritoneal cavity).
ASCO The American Society of Clinical Oncology
ASCT Autologous stem cell transplant. Stem cells are collected from the patient. After treatment destroys many of the patient's remaining stem cells, the removed stem cells are re-infused to re-establish the immune system.
ASD 1) Atrial septal defect means the opening between the top chambers of the heart fails to close before birth. 2) Autism spectrum disorder includes all problems similar to autism.
ASH American Society of Hematology.
ASI 1) Angiotensin specific inhibitor (ACE inhibitor) reduces high blood pressure. 2) Active specific immunotherapy aka specific active immunotherapy attacks specific antigens of cancer cells.
AST ast 1) Aspartate aminotransferase is a liver enzyme often measured in blood tests for liver function. 2) Autologous stem-cell transplant (more often abbreviated ASCT).
atelectasis Total or partial collapse of a lung.
ATG Anti-thyrocyte globulin is a strong immunosuppressant which drastically reduces T cells.
ATL Abbreviation for Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
ATLL Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma - An aggressive (fast-growing) type of T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma caused by the human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1).
ATM atm, Atm 1) At the moment; for the time being. 2) Acute transverse myelitis. 3) Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene reacts to DNA damage using the molecular p53 tumor suppressor.
ATN Acute tubular necrosis is damage to the tubule cells (tiny tube-shaped cells) in the kidney that results in acute kidney failure.
Auto auto, auto-SCT Autologous stem cell transplants are done using peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). With PBSCT, the stem cells are taken from blood.
autologous Refers to cells from the same individual. An autologous stem cell transplant puts a person's cleaned stem cells back into the person.
AvaTar Avatar, Ava-Tar 1) AvaTar is shorthand for a combination treatment with Avastin and Tarceva. 2) The SP avatar is your little picture or icon which can show your health profile.
AVF avf, Avf An arteriovenous fistula is an abnormal connection between an artery and a vein. Often an AVF is surgically created to enable easy dialysis hookup.
AVM AVMs, avm An AVM is an arteriovenous malformation, an abnormal connection between arteries and veins. An AVM is typically congenital and occurs most often in the brain or spine.
AYA Adolescents and young adults
AZ 1) Abbreviation for the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca. 2) Arizona - a state of the USA.
azathioprine Aza, AZA, aza Azathioprine is an immunosuppressant used to treat autoimmune diseases or to prevent rejection of a transplanted organ.
AZM Zithromax Azithromycin
azoospermia azospermia Absence of sperm in the semen.
B2M b2m, B2m Beta-2 microglobulin is a small membrane protein whose levels are raised in some diseases, especially in blood cancers like multiple myeloma.
BA Biliary atresia is a rare condition that shows up in infants 2 to 8 weeks after birth. The baby seems normal at first but the ducts that carry bile from the liver to the gall bladder are blocked, causing jaundice and more severe problems if not properly treated.
BAC Bronchoalveolar carcinoma is an uncommon form of lung cancer. It comprises only a small percentage of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) adenocarcinomas.
banana board Beasy Transfer A light, flat board shaped something like a banana. Placing the board on two seating surfaces, a patient can slide in a seated position to transfer.
banding A common symptom in transverse myelitis, banding is the sensation of being constricted in one's torso or legs like wearing a tight band or girdle, often accompanied by extreme and uncomfortable sensitivity in that area.
bariatric surgery bariatric Bariatric surgery is performed on the digestive tract to produce major weight loss.
Barnes Jewish Hospital Barnes-Jewish Hospital, BJH Barnes Jewish Hospital is a medical center of excellence in St. Louis, Missouri, USA.
barotrauma Barotrauma is ear discomfort (and sometimes damage) caused by a difference in air pressure between the outside air and the air behind the eardrum.
Barretts Barrett's, Barrett Barrett's esophagus is a serious complication of GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease) when normal tissue lining the esophagus changes to tissue that resembles the lining of the intestine. About 1% of people with Barrett's might progress to esophageal cancer.
BART The BRAC Analysis Rearrangement Test (BART) is an additional level of analysis, which goes beyond DNA sequences of genes. BART looks for large rearrangements, deletions, and insertions of DNA material.
Baseline baseline An initial measurement that is taken at an early time point to represent a beginning condition, and is used for comparison over time to look for changes.
basic metabolic panel BMP, bmp, B.M.P., b.m.p. A BMP is a group of blood tests evaluating such things as kidney function, blood sugar, electrolytes, acid/base balance, and sometimes other factors like calcium or albumin.
BB bb 1) Beta blocker. 2) A small spherical marker taped onto a patient to highlight the area to be examined in imaging.
BBB bbb, Bbb, blood-brain barrier, blood brain barrier The blood-brain barrier keeps certain substances from filtering through the capillary walls into the brain.
BC bc, b/c, B.C., b.c. 1) Breast cancer. 2) Bladder cancer. 3) Birth control. 4) British Columbia, a province on the West Coast of Canada. 5) Blue Cross Blue Shield, a provider of USA health insurance. 6) Because.
BCBS BC/BS, bcbs Blue Cross Blue Shield is a USA Health federation made up of 38 separate insurance organizations.
BCC Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) starts in the top layer of the skin called the epidermis.
BCCA The BC Cancer Agency is part of the Provincial Health Services Authority in British Columbia, Canada. The BCCA operates six regional cancer centres the BC Cancer Agency Research Centre, with departments in Vancouver and in Victoria. Essentially all radiotherapy services in British Columbia are provided by the BCCA as well as a majority of chemotherapy services.
BCG Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is a vaccine used to prevent tuberculosis (TB), but it's also an effective treatment for some non-invasive bladder cancers because it stimulates immune responses that can destroy cancer cells within the bladder.
BCH Boston Children's Hospital is a children's hospital located in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Children's is adjacent both to its teaching affiliate, Harvard Medical School, and to Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. (Dana-Farber and Children's jointly operate Dana-Farber/Children's Hospital Cancer Care, a 60-year-old partnership.
BCI bci, Bci The Breast Cancer Index tests previously-removed tumor tissue to determine whether to continue or resume anti-estrogen treatment beyond 5 years.
BCMA Serum B cell maturation antigen level is tested to determine multiple myeloma disease status. It may be particularly useful for patients who are non-secretors.
BCMH Bureau for Children with Medical Handicaps (BCMH) is a federal, state and locally funded program that provides comprehensive care and services to eligible families of children (under 21 years of age) with special health care needs.
BCNU BiCNU, carmustine, bischloroethylnitrosourea, Gliadel Carmustine is a chemotherapy agent known also as BCNU or BiCNU. It is delivered by IV or as a wafer (also called Gliadel) placed in the cavity left after a brain tumor is surgically removed. The wafer provides the drug directly to the affected area of the brain.
BCP bcp, Bcp, BCPs, BCP's, bcps, bcp's, Bcps, Bcp's Birth control pills.
BCT breast-conserving therapy, breast conserving therapy Breast-conserving therapy aims to eliminate breast cancer while retaining the breast itself.
BCVA Best corrected visual acuity. The best sight results for someone with a vision problem.
BDC Bellini duct carcinoma - A rare type of kidney cancer that grows and spreads quickly. It begins in the duct of Bellini in the kidney. Synonym: collecting duct carcinoma.
BDS A bone density scan measures bone loss.
BE Barrett’s Esophagus (EC) causes the tissue lining the esophagus to be replaced by tissue similar to intestinal lining and has an increased risk of esophageal cancer.
BEACOPP BEACOPP is a combination for Hodgkin lymphoma using bleomycin, etoposide, Adriamycin (doxorubicin), cyclophosphamide, Oncovin (vincristine), procarbazine, and prednisone. Escalated BEACOPP includes a higher dose of E, A, and C. Escalated BEACOPP
BEAM BEAM is a chemotherapy combination of BiCNU (carmustine), etoposide, Ara_C (cytarabine), and melphalan.
Bence Bence-Jones Bence Jones proteins are small proteins (light chains of immunoblobulin) found in the urine. Testing for these proteins is done to diagnose and monitor multiple myeloma and other similar diseases.
BEP Bleomycin sulfate, Etoposide phosphate, and cisplatin (Platinol) chemo used to treat ovarian and testicular germ cell tumors.
beta-blocker Beta, beta Beta blockers are drugs to lower blood pressure. Also known as beta-adrenergic blocking agents.
bezoar A bezoar is a compacted mass of undigested and/or indigestible material that can form in stomachs of ruminants and occasionally in humans. If not dealt with, the bezoar can block the digestive tract.
BF bf, b/f, Bf, B/F Breastfeed or boyfriend.
BFF BFFs Internet slang for "Best Friends Forever".
BG Blood glucose, also known as blood sugar or sugar level.
BGL Bgl, bgl Blood glucose level.
BHD Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome is an inherited genetic condition linked to benign skin growths, collapsed lung and kidney cancers.
BID 1) Latin abbreviation for "twice a day." Sometimes seen on prescription labels, although in the USA the pharmacist is supposed to translate it to English. 2) Beth Israel Deaconness, a hospital in Boston, MA.
BIDMC Beth, BI Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts is a teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School.
bigeminy bi-geminy A heart rhythm problem in which every long (normal) heartbeat is followed by a short beat.
BIL BiL Brother-in-law. (The brother of your spouse, or the husband of your sister.)
bilateral On both sides (left and right) of the body.
BiPAP BIPAP, bipap BiPap is the registered Proprietary/Trade name for the Philips Respironics Bilevel positive airway pressure (BPAP) machine(s).
BIPN bortezomib induced peripheral neuropathy
BiRD BIRD, bird, Bird BiRD is a combination drug regimen using Biaxin (clarithromycin, an antibiotic) plus Revlimid and dexamethasone to treat multiple myeloma.
BJALCF The Bonnie J. Addario Lung Cancer Foundation has its headquarters in San Carlos, CA. The popular Lung Cancer Living Room is held there once a month.
BJHS Benign hypermobility joint syndrome (BHJS) is a common source of joint or muscle complaints and describes looseness of joints that may be associated with daytime pain, nighttime awakening, or discomfort after exercise.
BK BKV, BKv BK virus is most often seen in immunosuppressed transplant patients. It was named for the initials of the first patient observed to have it in his urine in 1971 after a renal transplant.
bland embolization Bland embolization cuts off the blood supply to a tumor without any additional treatment element attached to the embolization medium.
blastic Blastic A blastic lesion is a bone metastasis in which new, abnormal bone is added. (The opposite is lytic bone metatasis in which bone is destroyed.)
BlC Bladder cancer.
blighted Suffering a harmful or deadly condition. A blighted ovum is one that implants in the uterus after fertilization but does not develop into an embryo.
BM BMs 1) Bowel movement (BM), defecation. 2) Bone metastasis. 3) Bone marrow is spongy tissue inside some of your bones where immature cells called stem cells grow. They develop into red blood cells that carry oxygen, white blood cells that fight infections, and platelets that help blood to clot.
BMB bmb, Bmb, BMBs, BMA Bone marrow biopsy (BMB) and Bone marrow aspiration (BMA) involves the removal of bone marrow, blood, and/or a small piece of bone for laboratory testing.
BMES Bone Marrow edema is the preclude to a stress fracture. Before a true "pathological" stress fracture occurs, bone marrow edema occurs, which weakens the bone. Rarely, bone marrow edema syndrome (BMES) can occur, which is an idiopathic cause of edema located inside the bone marrow.
BMH Bryn Mawr Hospital, part of Main Line Health in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
BMI Body Mass Index. A measure that relates body weight to height. BMI of 18.5 to 25 may indicate optimal weight.
BMJ The BMJ (formerly the British Medical Journal) is an international peer reviewed medical journal and a fully “online first” publication.
BMMRD biallelic mismatch repair deficiency, BMMR-D, Lynch syndrome III, Lynch syndrome 3 Biallelic mismatch repair deficiency is a rare genetic problem predisposing people to cancer.
BMMSC BM-MSC Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.
BMS 1) Burning mouth syndrome is a complex condition in which a burning pain involves tongue, lips, or widespread areas of the mouth. 2) Bristol-Myers Squibb is a global pharmaceutical company headquartered in New York City.
BMSC Bone marrow stromal cells.
BMT bmt, Bmt A bone marrow transplant (BMT) is a procedure to replace damaged or destroyed bone marrow with healthy bone marrow stem cells.
BMX BMXs, BMX's, bmx, bmxs, bmx's, Bmx, Bmx's, Bmxs 1) Bone marrow transplant (usually abbreviated BMT). 2) Bilateral mastectomy.
BNP BNP (B-type natriuretic peptide) is produced by the heart's ventricles (lower chambers). In heart failure, BNP goes up as symptoms worsen and goes down when the condition stabilizes.
BNT Bnt, bnt A test for B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) helps detect, diagnose, and evaluate severity of heart failure.
BOD Board of directors.
boilerplate Standard wording that can be used or adapted for use in similar situations (contracts, organizations, etc.).
BOOP Bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) is a rare inflammatory lung condition of the small airways (bronchioles) and nearby lung tissue. It can settle in a small section of the lung or spread throughout the respiratory organ.
BOS B.O., bo, b.o. Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (obliterans bronchiolitis, constrictive bronchiolitis) is a rare lung problem caused by narrowing of the small air passages in the lungs. It can be caused by GVHD (graft versus host disease) after a transplant.
Bosniak The Bosniak classification is a system to grade kidney cysts by their appearance on a CAT scan which helps doctors to predict which complex kidney cysts are more likely to have kidney cancer inside.
BOT BoT Base of tongue.
BP bp, B.P., b/p, Bp 1) Blood pressure sometimes or arterial blood pressure is pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels. BP is one of the principal vital signs. 2) Bipolar.
BPAP bPAP, bpap Bilevel positive airway pressure (BPAP) is a continuous positive airway pressure system with a time-cycled used by people who have breathing problems, such as sleep apnea. Sometimes written as BiPAP".
BPD bpd Borderline personality disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal relationships, self-image, and behavior.
BPH Bph, bph Benign prostate hyperplasia means an enlarged, non-cancerous prostate gland.
BPM bpm, Bpm Beats per minute, referring to heart rate.
BPPV Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is a form of vertigo that is thought to be caused by calcium deposits (otoconia) within the inner ear.
Brachytherapy brachytherapy Brachytherapy , also known as internal radiotherapy or sealed source radiotherapy, is a form of radiotherapy where a radiation source is placed inside or next to the area requiring treatment.
bradycardia Abnormally slow heartbeat.
BRAF The BRAF gene provides instructions for making a protein that helps transmit chemical signals from outside the cell to the cells nucleus. When mutated, the BRAF gene has the potential to cause normal cells to become cancerous.
BRAT The BRAT Diet is a bland diet sometimes recommended for children and adults who are suffering from diarrhea, gastroenteritis or some forms of food poisoning. BRAT stands for bananas, rice, applesauce and toast: the main foods of the diet.
BRB internet shorthand for Be Right Back.
BRC-ABL BRC-ABL chromosome (aka the Philadelphia chromosome) is commonly found in chronic myelogenous leukemia and less often in other myeloproliferative neoplasms. BRC-ABL+ (positive) is considered more easily treatable.
BRCA brca, br ca, BR CA, BRACA A BRCA mutation is a mutation in either of the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2. Harmful mutations in these of these tumor suppressor genes produce a hereditary breast-ovarian cancer syndrome.
BRCA1 BRCA-1 A gene on chromosome 17 that normally helps to suppress cell growth. A person who inherits certain mutations (changes) in a BRCA1 gene has a higher risk of getting breast, ovarian, prostate, and other types of cancer.
BRCA2 BRCA-2 A gene on chromosome 13 that normally helps to suppress cell growth. A person who inherits certain mutations (changes) in a BRCA2 gene has a higher risk of getting breast, ovarian, prostate, and other types of cancer.
Brig Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
BRIP 1 BRIP 1 (BRCA1 interacting protein C-terminal helicase 1) is a gene that works with the BRCA1 gene within the nucleus of cells to mend broken DNA strands and prevent genetic mutations from piling up. The loss or mutation of either of these genes can predispose a person toward cancer.
BROCA BROCA is a risk test panel which looks at 24 genes that have been associated with breast cancer. BROCA is named after a 19th century French physician-scientist Paul Broca.
bronchiectasis bronchietasis, broncheitasis (say "brawn-kee-ECK-tuh-sis") is a lung problem in which the breathing tubes are stretched and become larger. Buildup of mucus causes the stretching and can lead to swelling and infections. You may find it harder to breathe and to cough mucus out of your lungs.
BRP Brp, brp 1) Black raspberry powder. 2) Brachioradial pruritus is an intense nerve-caused itching on the arms.
bruxism Bruxism is the involuntary habit of grinding one's teeth together, usually while asleep.
BS 1) Blood sugar. 2) Blue Shield, part of the Blue Cross Blue Shield health insurance plans in the USA.
BSI BSRI The International Myeloma Foundation's Black Swan Research Initiative aims to discover the first definitive cure for multiple myeloma.
BSO bso Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, the surgical removal of the Fallopian tubes and ovaries on both sides.
BSRI Swan, BSRI® The Black Swan Research Initiative®, a unique project of the International Myeloma Foundation (IMF) to develop the first definitive cure for myeloma. Led by a multinational consortium of leading myeloma experts working to bridge the gap from long-term remission to cure.
BTDT "Been there, done that" means having the same experience.
BTK Bruton's, Btk, btk Bruton's tyrosine kinase is overproduced by malignant B-cells (a type of lymphocyte, a white blood cell). BTK inhibitors are being developed to treat B-cell cancers.
BTW btw 1) By the way. 2) Between.
bullous Forming blisters on the skin.
BUMC BU Boston University Medical Center in Massachusetts, USA.
BUN Bun Blood urea nitrogen, a standard measure of kidney function.
BVA Bva, bva Board of Veterans Appeals.
bvFTD Pick's disease, fvFTD, frontal variant Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia, aka Pick's disease or frontal variant frontotemporal dementia.
BW bw, Bw Blood work such as complete blood count or complete blood count with differential. Other specialized blood work is often done.
Bx bx, BX Abbreviation for biopsy, an examination of a tissue sample to provide a diagnosis.
byline A line of text telling who wrote an article or post.
BZK bzk, Bzk Benzalkonium chloride is an antiseptic.
C diff clostridium difficile, C. diff. C. Diff., CDif, CDiff, C-Dif, C-Diff, C Diff C. Diff. refers to clostridium difficile, a hard-to-eliminate bacterial infection of the bowels causing diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, etc.
c-KIT SCFR, CD117, CD-117 c-KIT is mast/stem cell growth factor receptor (SCFR), a molecular signalling molecule found on the surface of cells.
c-Met cMet, HGFR c-Met is also known as HGFR (hepatocyte growth factor receptor), a signaling molecule found on the surface of cells.
C-terminal telopeptide ctx, CTX, carboxy-terminal collagen crosslinks CTX stands for C-terminal telopeptide (aka carboxy-terminal collagen crosslinks). It tests a biomarker from blood serum to show the rate of bone resorption (the turnover of bone from old cells to new cells).
CA 1) Abbrev. for cancer. 2) Abbrev. for a test measuring a cancer antigen. 3) California, a western state in the USA.. 4) Canada.
Ca ca 1) Symbol for calcium. 2) Abbrev. for cancer. 3) Abbrev. for a test measuring a cancer antigen. 4) Circa: about, approximately. 5) California. 6) Canada.
CA-125 CA125 A substance that may be found in high amounts in the blood of patients with certain types of cancer, including ovarian cancer. CA-125 levels may also help monitor how well cancer treatments are working or if cancer has come back. Also called cancer antigen 125.
CAA congophylic, congophyllic, caa, Caa Cerebral amyloid angiopathy is a buildup of abnormal amyloid deposits in the blood vessels of the brain. Symptoms can vary greatly, from none to death.
CABG cabg, Cabg Coronary artery bypass grafting, surgery which attaches a piece of healthy blood vessel to go around the blockage of a blocked coronary artery.
Cabo cabo, CABO, Cabometyx, Cometriq Cabozantinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor drug that is used in cancer treatment.
CACS 1) Capitol Area Carcinoid Survivors. 2) Celiac artery compression syndrome (CACS) or median arcuate ligament (MAL) syndrome is a rare vascular disease causing postprandial pain, vomiting, and weight loss.
CADC Certified Alcohol and Drug Counselor.
CAF A chemo combination used mostly for breast cancer: Cyclophosphamide, Adriamycin (doxorubicin), and Fluorouracil (5-FU).
calcinosis Calcinosis is a buildup of calcium deposits in the skin.
calprotectin cal protectin The calprotectin test is used for inflammatory bowel disease. It measures current inflammation in the bowel by checking the level of a protein released by neutrophils (a type of white blood cells).
Calypso The Calypso guidance system for radiation therapy is like a GPS system for the body.
CAM Complementary and alternative medicine are forms of treatment used in addition to (complementary) or instead of (alternative) standard treatments.
Camidge Located in Denver, Colorado, Dr. Ross Camidge is a leading oncologist and researcher in lung cancer.
camptocormia bent spine syndrome, BSS Bent spine syndrome (formerly called camptocormia) is a forward inclination of the spine of 45 degrees or more when standing.
CAP Chest-Abdomen-Pelvis CT scan
CAPOX Capox, capox, XELOX, Xelox, xelox CAPOX is a combination chemotherapy given in three-week cycles. The oral drug capecitabine (Xeloda) is taken twice daily for two weeks followed by a one-week break. An IV of oxaliplatin is given at the start of each cycle. Usually there are eight cycles in all.
CAPTEM Chemotherapy combining capecitabine (Xeloda) and temozolomide (Temodar). This combination can be effective against neuroendocrine tumors which typically are chemo-resistant.
CAR CARs, CAR's Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR) is a synthetic genetic structure that programs the patient's immune cells to recognize and attack cancer.
Car-BIRD therapy CARBIRD, CarBIRD, carbird, CAR-BIRD, car-bird A combination of carfilzomib, Biaxin (clarithromycin), Revlimid (lenalidomide), and dexamethasone used to treat multiple myeloma.
CAR-T cells CAR-T, CAR T CAR-T cells are a type of white blood cells treated with Chimeric Antigen Receptor to program them to recognize and attack cancer.
carcinoembryonic antigen CEA A high level of CEA can indicate cancer growth, particularly in colon cancer but also in some people with breast, ovary, lung, or pancreatic cancer.
Carcinoma carcinoma Carcinoma is a subtype of cancer that arises from epithelial cells. Epithelial cells form the linings of our internal organs, cavities, glands, and skin. Carcinomas account for about 80% of all cancers.
carcinoma in situ The earliest stage of cancer, in which the tumor is still confined to the local area. Also called stage 0 disease.
carcinomatosis Widespread or diffuse metastasis, as in pleural or meningeal carcinomatosis.
caseating caseate A term applied to granulomas that develop dead tissue (necrotic tissue) which resembles cheese. Caseation can indicate a granuloma is due to an infectious cause.
cataplexy Cataplexy is a sudden loss of muscle tone which can be mild or severe, limited in scope or overall.
catheter catheterization A flexible tube inserted through a narrow opening to drain fluid from a bodily cavity (such as urine from the bladder).
caveat Latin for "beware". As a noun, an advisory warning.
CB Clinical benefit (CB) refers to benefit from a drug such as complete response, partial response, or stability (stable disease).
CBC cbc Complete Blood Count is used to help diagnose and monitor many conditions.
CBCD CBC-DIFF, CBC-D Complete blood count with differential, or CBC w/diff, is a CBC that also compares the percentage and numbers of different types of white blood cells (WBC differential).
CBCI Colorado Blood Cancer Institute.
CBD cbd, cbds, CBDs Cannibidiol (CBD) is a legal, non-psychoactive component of marijuana. It is available in a variety of forms from edible to topical.
CBE Clinical breast exam. A physical exam of the breast performed by a health care provider to check for lumps or other changes.
CBT cbt Cognitive behavioral therapy, psychotherapy that evaluates and reforms thoughts as they create or apply to unhelpful behaviors and emotions.
CC cc 1) Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. 2) Cubic centimeter. 3) Clear cell, a subtype in certain cancers. 4) Carcinoid crisis, in which blood pressure falls dangerously. 5) Carbon copy. 6) Conference call.
CCA cca 1) Clear cell adenocarcinoma. 2) Colon Cancer Alliance.
CCAC Community Care Access Centres, a network of community health care in Ontario, Canada.
CCCC Cleveland Clinic Cancer Center in Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
CCD Ccd, CCd, CcD, ccd A combination regimen for multiple myeloma using carfilzomib (Kyprolis), cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), and dexamethasone.
CCF 1) Carotid-Cavernous Fistula results from an abnormal communication between the arterial and venous systems within the cavernous sinus in the skull. 2) Cleveland Clinic Foundation (or The Cleveland Clinic) is a multispecialty academic medical center located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States. 3) Congestive Heart Failure is a condition in which the body's tissues aren't receiving enough blood and oxygen due to the heart's reduced pumping action.
CCFA Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America.
CCI CCI-score Charlson Co-morbidity Index.
CCK cck, Cck, cholecystokinin, pancreozymin Cholecystokinin (pancreozymin) is a hormone produced mostly in the small intestine when fats need to be digested. The hormone tells the gallbladder to release bile and the pancreas to produce digestive enzymes.
CCNU CeeNU, lomustine Lomustine (trade name CeeNU, also called CCNU) is an oral chemotherapy taken once every six weeks for brain tumor, Hodgkin lymphoma, or sometimes non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
CCO Clinical Care Options (CCO) is a leading provider of continuing medical education (CME) in HIV, Hepatitis, Oncology, Cardiology, Neurology, & more.
ccpRCC CCPRCC a rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) having features of both papillary renal cell carcinoma and clear cell renal cell carcinoma,
CCR Continuous complete remission.
ccRCC CCRCC, ccrcc, Ccrcc Clear cell renal cell carcinoma. The most common type of kidney cancer.
CD Crohn's, Crohn, crohns, crohn's, Crohns, Castleman's, Castleman, Castlemen, Castlemans 1) Crohn's disease, an inflammatory condition affecting the digestive tract anywhere from the mouth down to the anus. 2) Castleman's disease, an uncommon and potentially fatal disease that causes non-cancerous tumors to grow in lymph nodes. 3) Compact disc.
CD4 cd4, Cd4 CD4, "cluster of differentiation 4," is a glycoprotein found on the surface of immune-system blood cells. It is part of the molecular communication system influencing immune response.
CDC cdc 1) Collecting duct carcinoma (Bellini duct), a rare and aggressive form of kidney cancer. 2) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the part of the U.S. Public Health Service dedicated to subduing outbreaks of disease and other health threats.
CDF 1) Chronic Disease Fund. 2) Children's Defense Fund. 3) The Cancer Drug Fund pays for treatment not provided by the UK's National Health Service.
CDIFF C.diff, Cdiff, C. diff means clostridium difficile, a hard-to-eliminate bacterial infection of the bowels causing diarrhea, fever, abdominal pain, etc.
CDT Cdt, CdT, CTD Cyclophosphamide, dexamethasone, and thalidomide is a combination that can be used to treat multiple myeloma.
CECT Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scan.
Cedars Cedars-Sinai is a famous hospital in Los Angeles, California.
Celiacs celiacs, coeliac Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder that can occur in genetically predisposed people where the ingestion of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine. Gluten is primarily found in wheat, barley, rye, and possibly oats.
CellCept CellCept (mycophenolate mofetil) is an immunosuppressant, a medicine that lowers your body's immune system. It is frequently used to prevent your body from rejecting a transplant.
CERA C.E.R.A. Continuous Erythropoietin Receptor Activator (C.E.R.A.) is a new agent that is in development for the treatment of anemia for patients who have chronic kidney disease (CKD).
certified physicians assistant PA-C, PA-c, pa-c A physician's assistant (PA) may be called a PA-C if certified under national certification requirements.
CEU CEUs, Ceu, ceu Continuing education unit (a credit in continuing education to retain or regain certification status).
CF cf 1) Cystic fibrosis is an inherited disease characterized by the buildup of thick, sticky mucus that can damage many of the body's organs. 2) Consent Form.
CFF The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation ( CFF) is a non-profit organization in the United States established to provide the means to cure and control cystic fibrosis (CF).
CFRD Cystic Fibrosis-Related Diabetes (CFRD) is a unique type of diabetes. It is not the same as diabetes in people without CF. The diagnosis and treatment are not exactly the same.
CFS Chronic fatigue syndrome (now called myalgic encephalomyelitis) is a condition that lasts for more than 6 months in which a person feels tired most of the time.
CFTR cftr, Cftr Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a protein encoded by the CFTR gene. A mutation in the CTFR gene can cause cystic fibrosis.
CFU Cfu, cfu A colony-forming unit is a bacterium or fungal cell that is alive and able to reproduce. CFUs per gram or per milliliter are the normal measures.
CFZ Cfz, cfz Carfilzomib (Kyprolis) is a drug for multiple myeloma.
CG Cg, cg An abbreviation for caregiver.
CGA cGa, CGa, cga, CHGA, Cga, CgA 1) Chromogranin A is a complex protein. CGA level is often used in the diagnosis of carcinoid tumors and also to evaluate the effect of treatment. 2) The Cancer Genome Atlas (research network).
CGM cgm, Cgm, CGMs Continuous glucose monitoring or monitor, useful for diabetes.
cGVHD cGVH, C-GVHD, C-GVH Chronic graft-versus-host disease begins 3 months or more after an allogeneic stem cell or bone marrow transplant, often has more types of symptoms than acute GVHD, and can last a lifetime. Symptoms can range from mild to severe.
chalazion chalazions A chalazion is a cyst caused by blockage of an oil duct in the upper or lower eyelid. It can be a flesh-toned bump or reddish and inflamed.
CHC Clear Health Costs is a website of journalists, committed to transparency, working to bring transparency to the health-care marketplace by telling people prices for medical procedures and items.
CHD CAD, CHL 1) Coronary heart disease: narrowing of the small blood vessels supplying blood and oxygen to the heart. Also called coronary artery disease (CAD). 2) Congenital heart defect: a problem with heart structure present at birth. 3) Classic Hodgkin's disease / Hodgkin's lymphoma.
chemoradiation therapy CRT, crt, C.R.T., c.r.t, synchronous therapy, chemo-rad, chemo-radiation Having chemotherapy and radiation during the same time period is called chemoradiation or synchronous therapy.
Chemotherapy cycle The length of repeating chemotherapy treatment: 1) Duration of the cycle 2) Frequency of the cycle 3) The number of cycles.
CHEOP A combination of cyclosphosphamide (Cytoxan), hydroxydaunorubicin (doxorubicin), Oncovin (vincristine), etoposide, and prednisone used to treat lymphoma.
CHF Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a chronic condition that affects the chambers of the heart.
Chi Town Chi-Town, Chi-town, Shy-Town, Shy Town Chicago, Illinois.
Chiari Chiari malformation Chiari malformation means the cerebellum and brain stem protrude into the upper spinal canal. Severity varies greatly, and other problems are frequently associated with it.
Childrens Hospital of the Kings Daughters CHKD, C.H.K.D. One of a number of hospitals and facilities in a medical complex in Norfolk, Virginia, on the eastern seaboard of the USA.
CHIP The Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) is a federally-funded, state-administered program to provide health insurance for children in need. CHIP can benefit children facing high medical costs even if the family is not poor.
CHLA Children's Hospital Los Angeles (California, USA) is a private, non-profit teaching hospital.
CHOA Children's Healthcare of Atlanta (CHOA) is the pediatric physician teaching site for Emory University School of Medicine and Morehouse School of Medicine located in Georgia, USA.
cholecystectomy Surgical removal of the gall bladder.
cholecystitis Inflammation of the gall bladder.
cholecystostomy Cholecystostomy creates an opening in the gall bladder for a tube drain to relieve inflammation when removal is not possible.
CHOP 1) The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2) A chemotherapy combination with cyclophosphamide, hydroxydaunorubicin (doxorubicin), oncovin (vincristine), and prednisone or prednisolone.
CHP Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania, USA.
chRCC Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (ChRCC) is a subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
Christie The Christie NHS Foundation Trust is the largest cancer centre in Europe. Based in Manchester, England with radiotherapy centres in Oldham and Salford.
chromogranin Chromogranin A is also known as secretory parathyroid protein 1. Testing for it can reveal the presence of carcinoid or other neuroendocrine tumors, or a recurrence.
chronic sun-induced damage Chronic sun-induced damage is one of the risk factors for melanoma.
chronotherapy Treatment that is timed to maximize effectiveness by coordinating with the body's natural cycles and rhythms.
CHRPE Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium creates dark plaques in the retina of the eye. It is sometimes associated with colon cancer in a genetic syndrome.
Churg-Strauss syndrome Churg Strauss syndrome, Chrug-Strauss syndrome, Chrug Strauss syndrome, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis Churg-Strauss syndrome involves small-vessel vasculitis and many other possible symptoms.
CID cid Chemotherapy induced diarrhea.
CIDP cidp, Cidp Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is an acquired immune-mediated inflammatory disorder of the peripheral nervous system.
CINJ RCINJ The Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey in New Brunswick, NJ.
CIO CIO is shorthand for "cry it out." It can be difficult for new parents to let their infant CIO.
CIPE Chronic idiopathic penile edema is a rare condition manifested by swelling of the penis, scrotum and, in some cases, the lower abdomen.
CIPN Chemo-induced peripheral neuropathy (nerve damage, numbness, and tingling in the extremities due to chemotherapy).
CIS cis 1) Cancer Information Service is the National Cancer Institute's link to the public. 2) Carcinoma in situ. 3) Clinically isolated syndrome is a first, single episode at least 24 hours long of neurologic symptoms caused by inflammation and loss of myelin (demyelination) in one or multiple sites.
CK Ck, ck, CKs, CK's 1) Creatine kinase is an enzyme. If elevated it may indicate heart or muscle damage. 2) Cytokeratins (keratins) are proteins that can help identify the presence and type of cancer.
CKD ckd, Ckd Chronic kidney disease, meaning decreased kidney function.
CLE cle 1) Cutaneous lupus erythematosus. 2) Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
Clear cell A type of cell that looks clear inside when viewed under a microscope.
Cleve Clev Cleveland, Ohio, is the home of the Cleveland Clinic, a famous center for medical research and treatment.
Clexane Clexane injection contains the active ingredient enoxaparin, which is a type of medicine called a low molecular weight heparin. It is used to stop blood clots forming within the blood vessels.
CLL Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) affects the same type of lymphocytes as SLL, small lymphocytic lymphoma. The The difference is in the primary location of the cancer. CLL is mostly in the bones, although it also affects lymph nodes and the spleen. CLL/SLL are usually considered together.
CLNC Certified legal nurse consultant.
CLND Complete lymph node dissection is removal of all the lymph nodes near a lymph node with metastasis.
CLS Coffin–Lowry syndrome is a genetic disorder that is X-linked dominant and which can cause severe mental problems.
Clubbing clubbing Clubbing of fingers. Clubbing of the fingers, in which the fingertips spread out and become rounder than normal, is often linked to heart or lung conditions.
cm CM A centimetre or centimeter equals 10 millimeters. 1 Inch = 2.54 cm
CME Continuing medical education (CME) refers to a specific form of continuing education (CE) that helps those in the medical field maintain competence and learn about new and developing areas of their field.
CMF Cmf, cmf A combination of chemotherapies that uses Cytoxan, methotrexate, and fluorouracil.
CMH Children's Mercy Hospital in Kansas City, Missouri.
CMML Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is a type of cancer that starts in blood-forming cells of the bone marrow and invades the blood.
CMMRD constitutional mismatch repair deficiency, CMMR-D, Lynch syndrome III, Lynch syndrome 3 Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency is the European term for biallelic mismatch repair deficiency, a potentially cancer-causing genetic problem.
CMN Children's Miracle Network Hospitals (CMN Hospitals) (French: Réseau Enfants-Santé (RES)) is an international non-profit organization that raises funds for children's hospitals, medical research and community awareness of children's health issues.
CMP Cmp, cmp The comprehensive metabolic panel (also known as a chemistry panel) is a group of blood tests to evaluate organ function and look for problems like diabetes, liver disease, or kidney disease.
CMS The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) is a federal agency. CMS administers Medicare, Medicaid, CHIP (Children's Health Insurance Program), the Health Insurance Marketplace, and other health programs.
CMT 1) Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. 2) Cervical motion tenderness.
CMV cmv, Cmv, cytomegalovirus Cytomegalovirus is a common, usually harmless infection which can cause problems including death in a recipient of a stem cell or bone marrow transplant, a pregnant woman, or someone with reduced immune function.
CNB Core Needle Biopsies (CNB) is a percutaneous ("through the skin") procedure that involves removing small samples of tissue using a hollow "core" needle.
CNS Central Nervous System - The brain and spinal cord.
CO Co, co 1) Cannabis oil. 2) Carbon monoxide. 3) Commanding officer. 4) Colorado. 5) County. 6) Company.
CoA COA Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is the narrowing of the major artery (the aorta) that carries blood to the body.
coarctation A congenital anomaly of the heart in which there is a narrowing of the aorta, resulting in abnormal blood flow and/or narrowing of the lumen of a blood vessel.
COB Abbreviation for "Close of Business" or end of the work day.
COBRA In 1986, Congress passed the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA). It united several pieces of legislation to provide continuing health coverage to employees and their families who lost coverage due to a covered event.
COE CoE Center of excellence is a rating given to a hospital due to excellent care in some type of cancer or disease. (Example, a CoE for lung cancer.)
COG Children's Oncology Group is the world’s largest, cooperative children’s cancer research entity.
CoH COH City of Hope National Medical Center, commonly City of Hope, is a private, not-for-profit clinical research center, hospital and graduate medical school located in Duarte, California, USA.
cohort A group. In clinical trials with dose escalations, patients are usually admitted in cohorts of three who receive the same dose. The next cohort gets a larger dose, and so on.
Cohort study A research study that compares a particular outcome (such as lung cancer) in groups of individuals who are alike in many ways but differ by a certain characteristic (for example, female nurses who smoke compared with those who do not smoke).
coloboma A hole or missing tissue in a structure of the eye.
colonoscopy Colonoscopy is an examination procedure in which an endoscope (flexible, lighted optical scope transmitting live images to a screen) is inserted into the anus and threaded through as much of the colon as possible to check for polyps, cancer, or other anomalies.
colostomy A surgical procedure in which the colon is detached from the rectum and reattached to a surgically created opening (stoma) that empties into a plastic bag on the outside of the belly.
combination electrochemical therapy C.E.T., CET, c.e.t., cet, C.e.t., Cet CET combines an injected anesthetic with electrical charges at different amplitudes and frequencies to reduce or stop the pain of neuropathy.
COMS The Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) is a set of long-term, multicenter, randomized controlled trials. All randomized patients will be followed for 5 to 15 years or until death.
COMS The Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) is a set of long-term, multicenter, randomized controlled trials. All randomized patients will be followed for 5 to 15 years or until death.
consolidation Consolidation therapy is short-term full chemotherapy (not a lighter maintenance regimen) to get rid of any lingering cancer cells after some type of treatment procedure is completed.
contralateral On the body's opposite side across the vertical midline between left and right.
control controls 1) In Europe, a control is a follow-up scan or test. 2) The control group in a study gets standard treatment; the experimental group gets experimental treatment. Results from the two groups are then compared.
conus CONUS 1) Conus medullaris, aka conus terminalis, is the cone-shaped end of the spinal cord at the L1-L2 vertebrae. 2) CONUS (all caps), the contiguous United States, includes the 48 adjoining US states plus Washington, DC.
COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a type of lung disease marked by permanent damage to tissues in the lungs, making it hard to breathe. COPD includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
COPP COPP is a treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma that combines cyclophosphamide, Oncovin (vincristine), procarbazine, and prednisone.
corpectomy A corpectomy is a surgical procedure to remove a vertebral body, usually to decompress the spinal cord.
costochondritis costocondritis Costochondritis is inflammation in the ribcage that hurts especially when coughing or breathing deeply.
CP cp 1) Cerebral palsy can involve brain and nervous system functions such as movement, learning, hearing, seeing, and thinking. Types include spastic, dyskinetic, ataxic, hypotonic, and mixed. 2) Chest pain.
CPAP cPAP, cpap Continuous positive airway pressure. CPAP machines are used to treat sleep apnea, a condition in which the airway collapses during sleep and temporarily cuts off the ability to breathe.
CPI Clinical practice improvement.
CPK cpk, Cpk Creatine phosphokinase (creatine kinase) is an enzyme. CPK test results go up in the presence of muscle inflammation or serious muscle damage.
CPMC California Pacific Medical Center in San Francisco.
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure for preserving brain function by manually assisting circulation and breathing in a person or animal.
CPT cpt, Cpt, chest physiotherapy 1) Chest physiotherapy (CPT) uses external stimulation to encourage mucus to be expelled from the lungs. 2) Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes are numbers assigned to medical services to bill insurance companies.
CR cr, Cr 1) Complete response or complete remission is disappearance of all visible disease. 2) Computed radiography is an x-ray that is digital rather than using film. 3) Curcumin regimen. 4) Calorie restriction.
CRAB CRAB 1) CRAB symptoms usually indicate multiple myeloma: high blood calcium, renal insufficiency, anemia, and bone problems. 2) Copaxone, Rebif, Avonex, and Betaseron are drugs used for early stages of multiple sclerosis.
CRC crc Colorectal cancer.
CRD 1) Combination regimen of cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), Revlimid, and dexamethasone. 2) KRD or CRD is the combination of carfilzomib (Kyprolis), Revlimid, and dexamethasone.
creatine Wikipedia: is a nitrogenous organic acid that occurs naturally in vertebrates and helps to supply energy to all cells in the body, primarily muscle. Often confused with creatinine.
creatinine Wikipedia: Serum creatinine (a blood measurement) is an important indicator of renal health because it is an easily measured byproduct of muscle metabolism that is excreted unchanged by the kidneys. Often confused with the term creatine
Creon Creon is a brand of enzymes used by people with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (not enough pancreatic enzymes), a common problem in cystic fibrosis.
CREST syndrome CREST, limited schleroderma CREST syndrome (Calcinosis, Raynaud phenomenon, Esophageal dysmotility, Sclerodactyly, and Telangiectasia) is also known as limited cutaneous systemic scleroderma.
CRF 1) Cardio-respiratory fitness measures how well your heart is able to transport oxygen to your muscles during prolonged exercise. 2) Chronic renal failure is end stage kidney disease. 3) Cancer-related fatigue. 4) Corticotropin-releasing factor (or hormone).
CRH Corticotropin releasing hormone (or factor).
CRI The Cancer Research Institute (CRI), established in 1953, is the world's only nonprofit organization dedicated exclusively to transforming cancer patient care by advancing scientific efforts to develop new and effective immune system-based strategies.
cripto-1 Cripto-1, crypto-1, Crypto-1, cripto 1, Cripto 1, crypto 1, Crypto 1 Cripto-1 is an embryonic gene that promotes formation of tumors. Its overexpression makes a tumor resistant to EGFR inhibitors.
CRMS Crms, crms The C stands for cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator; RMS stands for related metabolic syndrome. People with CRMS may have symptoms of cystic fibrosis and should be checked regularly by a cystic fibrosis specialist.
CRNA Certified registered nurse anesthetist.
CRO A contract research organization is paid to do research for other companies.
CRP C-RP, c-rp, crp, C-rp, c-RP, cRP, Crp, A C-reactive protein (CRP) test is a blood test that measures the amount of a protein called C-reactive protein in your blood. C-reactive protein measures general levels of inflammation in your body.
CRPS Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain condition. It causes intense pain, usually in the arms, hands, legs, or feet. It may happen after an injury either to a nerve or to tissue in the affected area.
CRS Crs 1) Cytokine release syndrome. 2) Jokingly, "Can't Remember Sh**" syndrome is attributed to aging or chemo brain fog.
CRVO Central retinal vein occlusion.
cryo Cryo Cryotherapy is the local or general use of low temperatures (freezing) in medical therapy. Cryoablation is used to destroy tumor tissue without invasive surgery.
cryoablation Cryoablation involves inserting a needle-like probe into a tumor and using it to freeze the tumor, killing it. The tumor is frozen, thawed, and frozen again using the guidance of a CT scan to show the ice ball, ensuring that the entire tumor is covered.
Cryonics Cryonics is the low-temperature preservation of humans who cannot be sustained by contemporary medicine, with the hope that healing and resuscitation may be possible in the future.
Cryonics Cryonics is the low-temperature preservation of humans who cannot be sustained by contemporary medicine, with the hope that healing and resuscitation may be possible in the future.
CSA csa The Child Support Agency is is responsible for working with families to establish and enforce support orders for children.
cSCC Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma is a relatively common skin cancer.
CSF csf, Csf Cerebrospinal fluid fills the tough protective membrane around the spinal cord and brain and the ventricles of the brain.
CSM CSM is cancer-specific mortality (death by cancer as opposed to any other cause, or by a particular cancer being studied as opposed to any other cause).
CSN 1) Cancer Support Network, an online service. 2) Clinical Specialist Nurse, a medical title in the UK.
CSS 1) Cause-specific survival is the length of time from either the date of diagnosis or the start of treatment for a disease to the date of death from the disease. Patients who die from causes unrelated to the disease are not counted. 2) Clinical Symptoms Score.
CT CTs, CT's, CAT, Cat, CaT, CATs, CAT's, ct, Ct 1) Computed tomography: Computer-processed x-rays produce tomographic images (virtual 'slices') to see what is inside an object without cutting it open. 2) Clinical trial. 3) Carcinoid tumor. 4) Carpal tunnel syndrome. 5) Chemotherapy. 6) Central Time zone, United States. 7) The state of Connecticut.
CTA CTa, Cta A computed tomography angiography uses a CT scan with a special dye to examine blood vessels and blood flow in the targeted area of the body.
CTC CTCs 1) Circulating Tumor Cells; cancer cells which have escaped into the bloodstream. 2) Cancer Treatment Center.
CTCL Cutaneous t-cell lymphoma: A non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in which affected t-cell lymphocytes attack the skin and may go on to other locations.
CTCofA CTCA Cancer Treatment Centers of America (CTCA) is a private, for-profit operator of cancer treatment hospitals and outpatient clinics in the USA.
ctDNA cfDNA The circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) test looks at the bloodstream for DNA released from cancer cells. Also called cfDNA, cell-free DNA.
CTOS Connective Tissue Oncology Society.
CTS Carpal tunnel surgery repairs a problem in the wrist.
CU A Credit Union is a financial institution similar to a bank.
CUP Carcinoma of unknown primary (CUP) is a rare disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the body, but the place the cancer began is not known.
curate curated, curating To choose, update, and remove items from a collection to create and maintain it.
cutaneous Of or pertaining to the skin.
CV cv 1) Cardiovascular, having to do with the heart and circulatory system. 2) Curriculum vitae, a resume detailing work and life accomplishments.
CVAD cvad, CVADS CVAD is a combination of chemotherapy drugs: cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin (Adriamycin), and dexamethasone.
CVID cvid Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is an immune system disorder in which you have low levels of several of the proteins (antibodies) that help you fight infections.
CVS Cvs, cvs Chorionic villus sampling, a prenatal test of placental tissue to check for chromosomal abnormalities.
Cx cx 1) An abbreviation for cancer. 2) A non-standard abbreviation for caregiver.
CXR cxr A chest x-ray.
CYA Internet shorthand for Cover Your Arse. This means to take whatever measures necessary to protect oneself from legal and administrative penalties, criticism, or other punitive measures.
CyberKnife Cyberknife, cyberknife, Cyber Knife, cyber knife, Cyber knife CyberKnife (a brand name) is a frameless robotic radiosurgery system used for treating benign tumors, malignant tumors and other medical conditions. This machine can be used for stereotactic radiation treatments in head or body. http://www.cyberknife.com/
CyBorD Cy-Bor-D, Cy-bor-d, CVD, CVd, cvd, Cvd A combination of cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), bortezomib (Velcade), and dexamethasone.
CYP CYP is a family of enzymes on which many medications rely. Drug interactions can affect available CYP levels to change the potency of medication and how long it stays in the body.
cysto cystos, cystoscopy Cystoscopy is examination of the inside of the urethra and urinary bladder using a cystoscope, a thin lighted optical tube inserted via the urethra.
cytotoxic Cytotoxic Aimed at killing cells. Traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy kills cells which are dividing. This can kill tumors because their cells are dividing rapidly. (It is also the reason for side effects like hair loss and mouth sores.)
D-dimer D dimer, fragment D-dimer A D-dimer test is a blood test to determine if abnormal blood clots are present or breaking down.
D-PACE DPACE A chemotherapy for multiple myeloma combining dexamethasone, cisplatin (platinum), doxorubicin (adriamycin), cyclophosphamide, and etoposide.
D5 d5w, D5W, D5w A solution of 5 percent dextrose in water, used for IV hydration and some calories.
DAR 1) Informal name for daratumumab (Darzalex). 2) The Drug Accountability Record is a log of study drugs kept by an investigator running a clinical trial.
daratumumab Daratumumab, DARA, Dara, dara, Darzalex, Dara-, dara-, Daratum A monoclonal antibody approved by the FDA in 2015 to treat multiple myeloma.
DAV The Disabled American Veterans, or DAV, is an organization chartered by the United States Congress for disabled military Veterans of the United States Armed Forces that helps them and their families through various means.
DBE dbe, Dbe, double-balloon, push-and-pull DBE is double-balloon enteroscopy (push-and-pull enteroscopy), a procedure to see the inside of the entire small bowel.
DBS dbs, Dbs Deep-brain stimulation involves surgical implantation of a neurostimulator which sends electrical signals to block abnormal nerve signals that cause Parkinson's symptoms. Also used to treat unresponsive depression.
DBT Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a specific form of cognitive-behavioral therapy. DBT emphasizes the psychosocial aspects of treatment — how a person interacts with others in different environments and relationships.
DBWLG Dragging Butt While Looking Great!
DC D/C, dc, d/c 1) Dyskeratosis congenita. 2) Dendritic cell, used in experimental cancer vaccines (treatments). 3) Discontinued. 4) Washington, District of Columbia, capital of the United States.
DCA Dichloroacetate.
DCEP CDEP, DECP A chemo treatment for multiple myeloma combining dexamethasone, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, and cis-Platin (platinum-based chemo).
DCIS Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is the most common type of non-invasive breast cancer. Ductal means that the cancer starts inside the milk ducts.
DCMV District of Columbia (Washington, DC) and the surrounding areas in Maryland and Virginia.
DD dd 1) Degenerative disc disease. 2) Dedifferentiated. 3) Developmentally delayed. 4) Dear (or darling) daughter.
DDD ddd Degenerative disc disease is a problem of the neck or back.
DDP DDP Yoga is a hybrid of yoga and other workout techniques developed by Diamond Dallas Page.
DDRLPS DDRLPS stands for dedifferentiated retroperitoneal liposarcoma, a form of sarcoma.
DDS Disability Determination Services works to determine people's eligibility for disability benefits.
DDW Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) is considered the largest and most prestigious meeting in the world for the GI professional.
de-diff dedifferentiated, dedifferentiation Dedifferentiated describes cancer cells which have lost their normal cellular differentiation (their identity based on what they are designed to do). In contrast, differentiated cancer cells resemble normal cells; they are less mutated and easier to treat.
debulk debunk, debulked, debunked To debulk is to reduce the bulk of a patient's tumor burden even though all the cancer cannot be removed. (Often confused with debunk: To expose as false or fraudulent.)
debulking debunking The surgical removal of as much of a tumor as possible to increase the effectiveness of later chemotherapy or radiation. (Debunking is different; it means exposing as false.)
degenerative disc disease Degenerative disc disease occurs when the process of aging causes breakdown or deterioration of the spinal discs, causing pain and sometimes affecting nerve functioning.
dermatographism dermatographia, dermographism A skin condition in which light pressure causes wheals (raised red marks). The skin may or may not be itchy.
dermatomyositis An inflammatory condition that causes skin rashes, muscle weakness, and inflamed muscles.
DES des Diethylstilbestrol is a form of synthetic estrogen proven to be dangerous after many years on the market.
Devic Devic's disease is a synonym for neuromyelitis optica (NMO), in which the spinal cord and optic nerve are repeatedly attacked and lose myelin (the nerve coating that keeps nerve signals from being disrupted).
Dex Dex-, DEX, dex, Dexamethasone, dexamethasone, Decadron, Dec, dec Dexamethasone, a steroid used in treating many cancers. Dexamethasone decreases inflammation, reduces swelling due to inflammation, and depresses the immune system.
DF df 1) Dairy free. 2) Dana Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
DFCI Dana, dfci, Dfci, DFBW, DFBWCC, Dana Faber Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, is a major affiliate of Harvard Medical School. DFCI is also known as Dana Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center.
DFS Dfs, dfs Disease-free survival is the time during which a patient has no visible evidence of disease.
DFSP Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a very rare tumor. It is a rare neoplasm of the dermis layer of the skin, and is classified as a sarcoma.
DH Dh, dh DH is an internet abbreviation for "dear husband."
DHL double-hit lymphoma, double hit lymphoma Double-hit lymphoma describes lymphoma with significant mutations on two genes instead of only one.
DHMC Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center in Lebanon, New Hampshire.
di-indolymethane di-indoly methane, diindolymethane, DIM, Dim DIM is an over-the-counter supplement which supposedly can help to balance female hormones.
diarrhoea Alternative spelling of diarrhea. Diarrhea or diarrhoea is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day. It often lasts for a few days and can result in dehydration due to fluid loss.
DIBH DIBH is deep inpspiration breath hold, a radiation technique in which patients hold their breath while radiation therapy is administered.
DIC Disseminated intravascular coagulation is the problem of small blood clots forming in small blood vessels. These clots use up the platelets and clotting factor, causing excessive bleeding elsewhere.
DICOM Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) is a standard for handling, storing, printing, and transmitting information in medical imaging. It includes a file format definition and a network communications protocol.
DIEP DEIP DIEP flap reconstruction repairs a breast after mastectomy using a flap of skin, fat, and blood vessels from the abdominal area. No muscle is removed from the abdomen.
Dietitian dietitian Dietitians are experts in food and nutrition ("dietetics"). Registered Dietitians (RD or RDN) are dietitians who meet academic/professional requirements, to include a college degree with an accredited nutrition curriculum, passing a registration exam, and completing a supervised program of practice.
digi-stim digistim, digi-stem, digistem Digi-stim is short for digital stimulation, a technique to produce a bowel movement using internal self-massage.
DIL dil, Dil Daughter in law; the wife of one's son.
DIPG Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a brainstem tumor found in children.
dipnech DIPNECH is the acronym for diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia, a rare type of neuroendocrine tumor.
Discectomy Discectomy is surgery to remove herniated disc material that is pressing on a nerve root or the spinal cord .
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA): When you don't have enough insulin to process glucose, your body burns fat and builds up ketones in your blood. If the levels get too high you can develop DKA. It can cause diabetic coma and even death.
DLBCL dlbcl Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, an aggressive form of lymphoma that usually (but not always) occurs in older adults.
DLCO TLCO DLCO is a test for diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (CO) which is used as a tracer gas to see how well oxygen is transferred to the lungs from an incoming breath. Also called TLCO, transfer factor of the lung for carbon monoxide.
DLI dli, Dli, buffy Donor lymphocyte infusion (also called donor leukocyte infusion or buffy coat fusion) can provide a boost to the immune system after a stem cell transplant.
DLT Dose Limiting Toxicity (DLT) – Appearance of side effects during treatment that are severe enough to prevent further increase in dosage or strength of treatment agent, or to prevent continuation of treatment at any dosage level.
DM Dm, dm, DM sine myositis, amyopathic DM Dermatomyositis involves a skin rash, usually muscle problems including weakness, and possible muscle pain. If there's no muscle involvement, it's called amyopathic DM or DM sine myositis.
DM2 dm2 Diabetes mellitus type 2. This type was formerly called noninsulin-dependent diabetes or adult onset diabetes.
DMARD DMARDs, dmard, dmards, DMARD's, dmard's DMARDs are disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs which reduce inflammation and pain, making rheumatoid arthritis less harmful.
DMD Disease-modifying drug describes a drug that reduces the number of relapses in multiple sclerosis.
DME Durable Medical Equipment. Durable medical equipment is any medical equipment used in the home to aid in a better quality of living.
DMSO Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a byproduct of the paper industry with a variety of pharmaceutical, chemical, and medical uses. It is a quickly-absorbed liniment.
DMV Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) is where you get your vehicle tags, driver's license, ID cards, and other legal documents with your state (USA).
DNI Do Not Intubate (DNI) is a medical directive which means that no breathing tube will be placed in the throat in the event of breathing difficulty or respiratory arrest.
DNR Do Not Resusitate. In medicine, a "DNR", sometimes called a "No Code", is a legal order written either in the hospital or on a legal form to respect the wishes of a patient not to undergo CPR or advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) if their heart were to stop or they were to stop breathing.
DO D.O., DOs, DO's 1) Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O. or DO) is a professional doctoral degree for physicians and surgeons. 2) Drop out.
DOD United States Department of Defense is charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces. The Department is also the largest employer in the world.
DOR Dor, dor Duration of response; a clinical notation for the length of a treatment's effectiveness.
Dornase Dornase Alfa breaks up lung congestion in patients. It is used to improve how well the lungs work. This medicine also decreases the risk of getting a lung infection.
dose-adjusted EPOCH DA-EPOCH, DA-Epoch, da-epoch, Da-epoch, DAEPOCH, DAEPoch, daepoch, Daepoch A combination of etoposide, prednisone, oncovin (vincristine), cyclophosphamide, and hydroxydaunorubicin (doxorubicin, adriamycin) to treat large B-cell lymphoma. Dosage is adjusted to minimize the absolute neutrophil count.
dose-dense Dose-dense Dose-dense chemotherapy is a chemotherapy treatment plan in which drugs are given with less time between treatments than in a standard chemotherapy treatment plan.
Doula doula The word "doula" comes from the ancient Greek meaning "a woman who serves" and is now used to refer to a trained and experienced professional who provides continuous physical, emotional and informational support to the mother before, during and just after birth.
DRE A digital rectal exam checks the prostate for abnormalities such as swelling or lumps.
DS Nintendo GameBoy DS has two color screens (double screen).
DSRCT mesothelioblastoma Desmoplastic small round cell tumor is a rare type of sarcoma.
DT dt, Dt Dexamethasone and thalidomide are sometimes combined as treatment for multiple myeloma and may be further combined with other treatment drugs.
DTPACE DT-PACE, dt-pace, Dt-pace, dtpace, Dtpace, DTpace A drug combination for previously-treated multiple myeloma patients: dexamethasone, thalidomide, cisplatin, adriamycin (doxorubicin), cyclophosphamide, and etoposide.
dumping syndrome dumping Dumping is rapid gastric emptying immediately after eating or within a few hours. Undigested food moves too rapidly into the small intestine, creating discomfort, nausea, cramping, and usually diarrhea. It happens most in people whose stomach capacity has been decreased due to surgery.
DVLA The Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA) is the organization of the UK Government responsible for maintaining a database of drivers and a database of vehicles in Great Britain; its counterpart in Northern Ireland is the Driver & Vehicle Agency (DVA).
DVR The Division of Vocational Rehabilitation.
DVT dvt, DVTs, dvts, DVT's, dvt's Deep vein thrombosis, or deep venous thrombosis, (DVT) is the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) in a deep vein, predominantly in the legs.
DWD DwD Death With Dignity is the perceived right of terminal patients to choose a peaceful death via drugs instead of prolonged suffering.
DWIBS Diffusion-weighted whole-body imaging with background body signal suppression is a specialized type of MRI (magnetic resonance imaging).
Dx DX, DXd, dx, dxd, Dxed, dxed, Dx'd, DX'd, dx'd Diagnosis or diagnosed.
DXA dxa, Dxa, DEXA, dexa, Dexa, dexascan, densitometry, absorptiometry, Dex-a Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measures bone density using two energy levels of x-rays. The reading for soft tissue is subtracted from the reading for bone, revealing bone mineral density (BMD) and bone loss.
dysautonomia Dysautonomia is a malfunction in the autonomic nervous system (which controls all the bodily functions we don't have to think about).
dysbiosis dysbacteriosis, disbiosis, disbacteriosis Any upset in the normal microbes on or in the body, such as an imbalance in the microbiome in the gut.
dyscrasia General term for a disorder or abnormality in a part of the body or in the state of the body as a whole.
dyskinesia Abnormal movement(s).
dysmotility Dysmotility is the inability of a body part to perform or move properly.
dysphagia Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia) means it takes more time and effort to move food or liquid from your mouth to your stomach
EAC Esophageal adenocarcinoma. Adenocarcinoma originates in glandular tissue not normally present in the lining of the esophagus.
EAMS Early Access to Medicines Scheme (UK only).
EAP e.a.p., employee, E.a.p., Employee 1) Employee assistance programs counsel employees (and often their partner) on any type of life problem. 2) An expanded access program allows patients to use an experimental drug if they do not qualify for its clinical trial, usually immediately before the drug is submitted to the FDA for approval.
EBT External beam therapy is a type of radiation therapy for cancer.
EBUS Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) is a minimally invasive diagnostic procedure for lung cancer and other lung diseases.
EC 1) Esophageal Cancer (EC) forms in tissues lining the esophagus, the muscular tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach. 2) Endometrial Cancer (EC) is a type of cancer that begins in the uterus. 3) Enteric coating (EC) is a polymer barrier applied to oral medication to help protect the stomach.
ECAA Esophageal Cancer Awareness Association is dedicated to helping patients, caregivers, and survivors and to increase public awareness of EC. www.ecaware.org
ECAN Esophageal Cancer Action Network's mission is to save lives by increasing awareness about the link between Heartburn and Cancer, promote early detection, support medical innovation and link patients and families to compassionate support. http://ecan.org/
Echo ECHO An echocardiogram ( echo) is a type of ultrasound test that uses high-pitched sound waves that are sent through a device called a transducer. The device picks up echoes of the sound waves as they bounce off the different parts of your heart.
ECL Ecl, ecl ECL (electrochemiluminescense or electrogenerated chemiluminescense) is a visible glow of cold light that occurs when some solutions are subjected to an electrochemical reaction.
ECOG The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) is one of the largest clinical cancer research organizations in the United States, and conducts clinical trials in all types of adult cancers.
ECP ecp, Ecp Extracorporeal photophoresis treats cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, GVHD, and transplant rejection by removing white blood cells from the body, sensitizing them and exposing them to ultraviolet light to kill diseased T-lymphocytes, and then returning the treated cells to the body.
ECT ect Electroconvulsive therapy, informally known as shock therapy.
ECU 1) Edith Cowan University in Western Australia. 2) Eastern Carolina University in North Carolina, USA.
ECX ECX is the name of a combination of chemotherapy drugs used to treat oesophageal cancer and stomach (gastric) cancer. E= Epirubicin, C= Cisplatin, X= Xeloda/Capecitabine. .
ED E.D., e.d., EDs, ED's, e.d.'s, e.d.s 1) Emergency department. 2) Eating disorder. 3) Erectile dysfunction.
EDS Eds, eds 1) Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is a group of connective tissue disorders affecting joints, skin, and/or internal organs. 2) Excessive daytime sleepiness can be a symptom of a sleep disorder.
EEG Electroencephalogram - A recording of electrical activity in the brain.
EEN een, Een EEN is exclusive enteral nutrition. The person does not eat, instead depending entirely on liquid nutrition delivered through a tube (tube feeding or enteral nutrition).
EES Erythromycin.
EFA EFAs Essential fatty acids, or EFAs, are fatty acids that humans and other animals must ingest because the body requires them for good health but cannot synthesize them. The two main ones are Omega-3 and Omega-6.
EFS Event-free survival. In cancer, the length of time after primary treatment for a cancer ends that the patient remains free of certain complications or events that the treatment was intended to prevent or delay.
EFT eft, Eft 1) Emotionally focused therapy centers on emotion as the target of change and the agent of change. 2) Emotional freedom therapy (also called tapping therapy) is a subset of the meridian tapping technique.
Efudex Efudex is a topical treatment for sun damage (keratosis) and some superficial basal cell skin cancers. It is a cream containing the chemo drug fluorouracil, aka 5FU.
EGCG EGCG (epigallocatechin gallate) is the ingredient in green tea believed to help fight cancer and other diseases.
EGD OGD, ogd, Ogd, egd, Egd, edg, Edg, EDG Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is examines the lining of the esophagus, stomach, and first part of the small intestine with a small camera (flexible endoscope) inserted down the throat. Also spelled oesophagogastroduodenoscopy, abbreviated OGD.
EGF Epidermal growth factor.
eGFR Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) Test is used to screen for and detect early kidney damage and to monitor kidney status.
EGFR 1) Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been associated with a number of cancers, including lung cancer, anal cancers and glioblastoma multiforme. 2) Estimated glomerular filtration rate, a measure of kidney effectiveness.
EGJ EG Esophageal gastric junction (esophagogastric), the place where the esophagus meets the stomach.
Ehlers-Danlos Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is the name given to a group of more than 10 different inherited disorders that make a person’s joints, skin, and internal organs more flexible than an average – so flexible that they dislocate easily, can have frequent or chronic joint pain. Their skin can be soft or stretchy, easily bruised, and heals slowly.
EHR EHRs, EHR's, ehr, ehrs, ehr's An electronic health record (electronic medical record) is a digitized, paperless record of a person's medical information and health history.
EIM EIMs Extraintestinal manifestations are symptoms related to inflammatory bowel disease that occur outside the intestinal tract.
EJC The European Journal of Cancer is a peer-reviewed medical journal devoted to cancer research on experimental oncology, clinical oncology (medical, paediatric, radiation, surgical), and on cancer epidemiology and prevention.
ejection fraction EF, ef, ejection EF measures how efficiently your heart is pumping out blood. It is a test for heart failure, a gradual decrease in the heart's efficiency which can eventually lead to death.
EKG Ekg, ekg, Ecg, ecg Electrocardiogram. Also ECG - A line graph that shows changes in the electrical activity of the heart over time.
electrophoresis p.e., P.E. Protein electrophoresis is a blood test that measures the presence of abnormal proteins, the absence of normal proteins, and unusually high or low levels of various groups of proteins. Used in multiple myeloma testing.
elotuzumab Elo, ELO, elo, Empliciti Elotuzumab (Empliciti) is a monoclonal antibody approved by the FDA in 2015 for treatment of multiple myeloma.
embolization Embolization is a minimally invasive treatment in which blood vessels or malformations within blood vessels are occluded, or blocked off, to prevent blood flow.
EMDR emdr Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing is non-traditional therapy to deal with trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder.
EMG emg, EMGs, emg's An electromyogram tests electrical activity in relaxed and contracted muscles. Often done with a nerve conduction study that measures damage to the peripheral nervous system.
EMP EMPs, EMP's, Emp, Emp's, Emps, emp, emp's, emps 1) Extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) is a rare presentation of cancer with plasma cell proliferation (tumor) in soft tissue rather than bone. 2) Truehope EMPower Plus is a micronutrient supplement.
EMR emr, EMRs, EMR's, emrs, emr's 1) Endoscopic mucosal resection is used to stage and treat superficial tumors in the gastrointestinal tract without an external incision. 2) Electronic medical record.
EMT 1) Emergency Medical Team 2) Emergency Medical Technician
EN en, E.N. Enteral nutrition is liquid nutrition delivered through a nasogastric tube, G-tube (gastric tube implanted in the stomach), or J-tube (implanted in the jejunum or small intestine). Also called tube feeding.
end stage renal disease ESRD, E.S.R.D., esrd, Esrd, e.s.r.d, end-stage renal disease End stage renal disease occurs when the kidneys can no longer function effectively. It is also known as chronic renal failure (CRF) or stage 5 kidney disease. Dialysis or kidney transplant is required to live.
endoscope endoscopy An endoscope is flexible, lighted optical scope that can be inserted into any hollow organ to transmit images to a tv screen for viewing and diagnosis.
Endoxan Endoxan is another brand name for cyclophosphamide (also called Cytoxan or Neosar).
ENS The enteric nervous system (ENS) is the intrinsic nervous system of the gastrointestinal tract.
ENT ent 1) Otolaryngologist, aka ear, nose, and throat physician. 2) Enterologist, an intestinal physician. 3) Enteral nutrition therapy is liquid food usually delivered by tube directly to the stomach or small intestine to supply complete nutrition.
Enteral feeding enteral Enteral feeding or enteral nutrition refers to the delivery of a nutritionally complete formula containing protein, carbohydrate, fat, water, minerals and vitamins, directly into the stomach, duodenum or jejunum. AtKA ube feeding.
enteroclysis Enteroclysis is a specialized x-ray procedure to examine how liquid contrast material travels through the small intestine.
enteroscopy Enteroscopy views (scopes) the inside of the small intestine using a thin flexible fiber-optic cable. Methods include balloon enteroscopy, double-balloon enteroscopy, and spiral enteroscopy.
EO EO stands for essential oil, a concentrate of the fragrance and essence of a plant or other source.
EOB An Explanation of Benefits (EOB) provides important information about your insurance claim that was processed by your insurance company.
EoE EOE, Eoe, eoe Eosinophilic esophagitis.
EOL eol, Eol, e.o.l., E.O.L. End of life, as in "end-of-life issues." Coming to an acceptance of mortality for oneself or someone else.
Eos EOS A person's absolute eosinophil count is normally low. Higher levels can indicate allergies, asthma, drug reactions, inflammatory conditions, blood disorders, or parasitic infection.
eosinophilic Tissue that takes up eosin, a staining compound (dye) used to identify eosinophilic cells in histological section (on a slide under a microscope).
EOW Every other week.
EOX eox Epirubicin, oxaliplatin, and Xeloda (capecitabine) is a chemo combination to treat cancer of the esophagus or stomach.
EP An electrophysiologist is a medical doctor who works to diagnose and regulate the proper timing of your heartbeat (which depends on electrical signals from your nerves or a pacemaker).
ePatient 1) A health consumer who uses the Internet to gather information about a medical condition of particular interest to them, and who use electronic communication in coping with medical conditions. 2) Friends and family members (e-Caregivers) who go online on behalf of patients.
EPDS Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale.
EPI exocrine pancreatic insufficiency Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency means the pancreas is not producing enough digestive enzymes. (Insulin is not affected.)
EPIC Epic is a privately held health care software company. They offer applications related to patient care, including registration and scheduling; clinical systems for doctors, nurses, emergency personnel, and other care providers; systems for lab technicians, pharmacists, and radiologists; and billing systems for insurers. Its main competitors include Cerner and MEDITECH.
epitope The part of an antigen that is recognized by antibodies, B cells, and T cells which bind to it.
EPO epo, Epo 1) Erythropoietin is a molecule normally produced in adult kidneys to signal bone marrow to produce more red blood cells. 2) An exclusive provider organization is a type of health care plan. 3) Evening primrose oil.
EPOCH CHEOP, Epoch, Cheop Treatment for large cell lymphomas combining etoposide, prednisone, oncovin (vincristine), cyclophosphamide, and hydroxydaunorubicin (doxorubicin, adriamycin).
Epstein-Barr virus EBV, ebv EBV is a human herpes virus (HHV-4) associated with mononucleosis, multiple sclerosis, and other diseases including several cancers.
ER Er, er 1) Emergency Room. 2) Extended release, describing a pill's release of medication. 3) Gastrointestinal endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR or ER) is a procedure to remove cancerous or other abnormal tissues (lesions) from the digestive tract.
ER-negative ER- ER-negative describes breast cancer or other cancers that lack estrogen receptors. Blocking estrogen will not affect this kind of cancer.
ER-positive ER+ ER-positive describes breast cancer or other cancers that have estrogen receptors. Blocking estrogen will discourage growth.
ERCP An endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatogram (ERCP) is a test that combines the use of a flexible, lighted scope (endoscope) with X-ray pictures.
ERCP Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a procedure that combines upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy and x rays to treat problems of the bile and pancreatic ducts. ERCP is also used to diagnose problems.
ERCP ECRP, ERPC Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography combines viewing via endoscope with x-rays to visualize the ducts draining the liver, pancreas, and gall bladder.
ERG test Erg, erg, electroretinography An electroretinography test checks for abnormal functioning of the retina in the eyes.
ERISA The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 (ERISA) is a federal law that sets standards to protect individuals in private, voluntarily established pension and health plans.
ERP Exposure response prevention therapy, a type of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) helpful for obsessive-compulsive disorder.
ERY Erythromycin.
erythrocyte sedimentation rate ESR, esr, E.S.R., e.s.r. ESR is a blood test for inflammation.
ESFT Ewing, Ewings, Ewing's Ewing's sarcoma is a primary bone cancer that affects mainly children and adolescents. It's one of a group of cancers known collectively as the Ewing sarcoma family of tumors -- ESFT or sometimes just EFT. It's the second most common bone cancer in children, but it's also relatively uncommon. It accounts for only 1% of all childhood cancers.
ESHAP A combination chemotherapy using etoposide, Solumedrol (a steroid), Ara-C (cytarabine), and Platinol (cisplatin).
ESMO ESMO is Europe’s leading medical oncology society, providing a professional network for its members and working with national societies across Europe and around the world.
Esophageal Cancer Education Foundation ECEF, E.C.E.F. ECEF offers services to help patients and caregivers through all stages of the esophageal cancer journey, including a website, newsletter, hotline, support groups, and more.
esophagus aesophagus, gullet, esophageal, aesophageal The esophagus or gullet is the muscular tube through which food or drink is delivered to the stomach.
ESRD ESKD End stage renal disease (kidney disease). Usually, dialysis or kidney transplant is required at this stage.
essential thrombocythemia thrombocythemia, ET, et, Et ET is a blood disorder in which excess platelets are formed.
estring ESTRING (estradiol vaginal ring) is a local estrogen therapy designed to relieve itching, burning and dryness in and around the vagina.
ETE extrathyroidal extension Extrathyroidal extension is growth of thyroid cancer into the surrounding soft tissue. It can range from microscopic to major locoregional involvement.
ETT Exercise tolerance test (stress test).
EU The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. Health care in the EU is provided through a wide range of different systems run at the national level.
EUS Eus, eus Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), also known as echo-endoscopy, combines the techniques of endoscopy with ultrasound imaging technologies. This combination of procedures and technologies allows doctors to visualize structures within the human body.
excipient An inactive molecule used to carry a treatment drug into the body.
exclusive breastfeeding ebf, Ebf, EBF Exclusive breastfeeding means no supplementation by commercial formula, water, or solid food. The only exceptions are needed vitamins, liquid medications, or rehydrating solutions.
expanded Expanded access allows patients to use an experimental drug if they do not qualify for its clinical trial, usually immediately before the drug is submitted to the FDA for approval.
extramedullary EMD, EMDs, EMD's, emd, emd's, Emd Extramedullary myeloma (extramedullary disease) is an aggressive form of MM characterized by one or more myeloma tumors in soft tissue along with or instead of the bones.
Extraskeletal Myxoid Chondrosarcoma EMC, emc, EMCS, emcs A type of sarcoma.
F2F f2f, F2f Face-to-face. Live and in person, as in F2F support groups.
FABNO Fellow of the American Board of Naturopathic Oncology.
FAC Familial amyloid cardiomyopathy.
FALS Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is an inherited form of Lou Gehrig's disease. Not everyone with the genetic mutation will get FALS, and not everyone with FALS has a known genetic mutation.
FAP 1) Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an inherited condition; numerous adenomatous polyps form mainly in the lining of the large intestine. 2) Familial amyloid polyneuropathy is an inherited condition in which amyloid builds up in nerves and organs.
FAPE Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) is an educational right of children with disabilities in the United States. To provide FAPE to a child with a disability, schools must provide students with an education, including specialized instruction and related services, that prepares the child for further education, employment, and independent living.
FAQ Faq, faq, FAQs FAQ is a common internet acronym meaning Frequently Asked Questions. It's pronounced letter by letter (not fack).
fasciculation fasciculations Involuntary contraction of the muscle fibers. A twitch.
FASD Fetal alcohol syndrome disorders refers to the whole range of adverse effects found in people whose mothers drank alcohol during pregnancy.
FB FaceBook (FB) is an online social networking service.
FBG Fasting blood glucose.
FCCC Fox, Fox Chase, Fccc, fccc Fox Chase Cancer Center is a National Cancer Institute-designated Comprehensive Cancer Center research facility and hospital located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
FCS F.C.S., FCSRI, F.C.S.R.I. Florida Cancer Specialists and Research Institute is an independent practice of medical oncology and hematology involving over 170 physicians in 80 locations in Florida.
FDA USFDA The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or USFDA) is an agency in the U.S. federal government whose mission is to protect public health by making sure that food, cosmetics, nutritional supplements drugs, medical devices, and equipment are safe to use and truthfully labeled.
FDG Fluorodeoxyglucose is a radio-fluorine derivative used to trace metabolic activity or detect malignant tissue; commonly used as the contrast agent in positron emission tomography (PET).
FEC A chemo combination for breast cancer using fluorouracil (5FU), epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide.
FEF Fef, fef, FEFs Forced expiratory flow is a measurement of the air flow halfway through a person's exhale, starting at 25 and ending at 75 percent of the exhale.
Fellow Fellowship, fellow, Fellows, fellows A doctoral fellow is a person who has received a doctoral degree. After which they engage in a temporary and defined period of mentored advanced training to acquire additional professional skills in their chosen field.
FES Fes, fes A functional electrical stimulation (FES) machine delivers small amounts of electrical current to muscles to restore their function after paralysis.
FEV1 FEV, fev, Fev, FEVs FEV1 is the maximal amount of air you can forcefully exhale in one second. It is then converted to a percentage of normal. FEV1 is a marker for the degrees of obstruction.
FF ff Formula fed, formula feed; to feed with baby formula.
FFPE Preserved tumors or other tissue often are FFPE: formalin fixed, paraffin embedded.
FFR Ffr, FfR, ffr Freedom from recurrence.
FGF Fibroblast growth factors, or FGFs, are a family of growth factors, with members involved in angiogenesis, wound healing, embryonic development and various endocrine signaling pathways.
FGS Focal glomerular sclerosis is scarring in the kidney.
FHB The Four Hour Body (FHB) Diet is written by Tim Ferriss who is not a doctor, nutritionist, or scientist. He is a 33-year-old author and blogger. He recommends "slow carbs" and avoiding white bread, white rice, potatoes, and other white carbs. As well as whole grains and steel-cut oats.
fiducial A fiducial marker is something placed within the field of a medical scan or radiological procedure that is visible for proper targeting during the procedure, or as a point of reference or measurement on an image. Implanted fiducials are used if the target area might move due to breathing, heartbeat, etc.
FIH The clinical trial term "first in humans" means the drug or procedure has never been used on a human being before.
FIL FiL, Fil, fil Father-in-law. The father of your spouse.
FIM first-in-man A first-in-man study is a clinical trial using a new drug or procedure for the very first time on human beings.
First line chemotherapy first line chemotherapy Chemotherapy that has, through research studies and clinical trials, been determined to have the best probability of treating a given cancer. This may also be called standard therapy.
FISH Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a test that “maps” the genetic material in a person’s cells. This test can be used to visualize specific genes or portions of genes.
fistula An abnormal passageway between an organ, vessel, or intestine and another structure such as the skin or another hollow/tubular organ.
FIT Fit A fecal immunochemical test screens for colon cancer by looking for hidden blood (occult blood) in the stool.
flare Flare A sudden increase 1) Often used to describe a sudden increase of pain, or cancer growth as in "pain flare" or "tumor flare". 2) can refer to an increase in side effects during a break in treatment or during a "chemo vacation".
FLC FLCs, KFLC, kFLC, free light chains, flc, flcs, flc's Free light chains (FLC). Structurally, normal immunoglobulins (abbreviated Ig) are composed of smaller units called heavy chains and light chains, and together they form a large complex. When the light chains are not attached to the heavy chains, they are called free light chains. FLC are further distinguished as Kappa FLC and Lambda FLC.
FLCR The free light chains ratio (kappa/lambda ratio) shows multiple myeloma patients the numerical relationship of the two kinds of free light chains in their blood.
FLECTOR flector, Flector A Flector patch delivers an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) directly through the skin. It is applied directly to the site of a sprain, strain, or bruise.
FMD fmd Fibromuscular dysplasia is a noninflammatory, nonatherosclerotic arterial disease most commonly seen in women. FMD may cause arterial stenosis, occlusion, aneurysm, and/or dissection, most commonly of the renal and carotid arteries.
FMLA Family and Medical Leave Act The Family and Medical Leave Act provides employees at covered companies with unpaid medical leave to care for themselves or close family without affecting medical coverage or job status.
FMS fibromyalgia Fibromyalgia syndrome most commonly includes a lowered pain threshold, tender points, overall or extensive pain of various descriptions, fatigue, and anxiety or depression. Other symptoms may also be involved.
FMT fmt Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT), also known as human probiotic infusion, bacteriotherapy, and fecal transplant, is a powerful infusion of healthy colonic flora which has been used to treat antibiotic-resistant C difficile infections, ulcerative colitis, and irritable bowel syndrome.
FNA Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is a percutaneous ("through the skin") procedure that uses a fine gauge needle (22 or 25 gauge) and a syringe to sample fluid from a cyst or remove clusters of cells from a solid mass.
FNHL Follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
FODMAP fodmap, fodmaps, FODMAPs FODMAP is an acronym for an IBS diet. This Diet is an intensive treatment, which should only be followed under the supervision of a registered dietitian.
Foley foley, Foleys, Foley's, foleys, foley's Foley is a brand of urinary catheter that can remain inserted in the bladder.
FOLFIRI Folfiri, folfiri FOLFIRI (leucovorin calcium, fluorouracil, and irinotecan) is a combination chemotherapy used to treat advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer.
FOLFIRINOX A combination chemotherapy containing folinic acid aka leucovorin, fluorouracil, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin. Approved to treat pancreatic cancer.
FOLFOX folfox FOLFOX (FOLinic acid aka leucovorin, Fluorouracil aka 5-FU, and OXaliplatin) was designed and is used almost strictly in patients with advanced, metastatic colorectal cancer.
FOLFOXIRI Folfoxiri, folfoxiri FOLFOXIRI (folinic acid aka leucovorin, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan) is a combination chemotherapy used to treat advanced or metastatic colorectal cancer.
follicle stimulating hormone FSH, fsh FSH is a hormone necessary for a human being to reach sexual maturity and reproduce.
Fontan fontan The Fontan procedure, or Fontan/Kreutzer procedure, is a surgical procedure used in children with complex congenital heart defects.
FORCE Facing Our Risk of Cancer Empowered (FORCE) is a national nonprofit organization devoted to hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. Their programs serve anyone with a BRCA mutation or a family history of cancer.
formulary formularies A list of drugs and the conditions they can be prescribed for. Each insurance plan or health scheme has its own formulary telling whether a drug is allowed and how much of the cost will be paid.
FOS 1) Fructoligiosaccharides are often an ingredient of probiotics. 2) A polite way of saying Full Of Stuff, Full of Snot, or any other word starting with the letter "S".
FP FPs Family Practitioner (See also GP)
FPF familial pulmonary fibrosis Familial pulmonary fibrosis involves two or more family members. It is an interstitial condition (affecting the tissue and space around the alveoli) causing lung scarring, stiffness, and difficulty breathing.
FSB Finger stick blood, a way to test for blood glucose levels.
FSGS Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is not a single disease but a histologic pattern of renal damage which scars the kidneys, causing them to lose functionality.
FTD ftd, Ftd, ftD Fronto-temporal dementia; the name describes the area of the brain that is damaged in this kind of dementia, not the cause.
FTIH The clinical trial term "first time in humans" means the drug or procedure has never been used on a human being before.
FTLD Frontotemporal lobar degeneration is a group of dementias separate from Alzheimer's disease that involve deterioration of the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain.
FTM ftm An FTM is a first-time mother.
FTT Ftt, ftt Failure to thrive occurs when someond is well below the norm in weight gain and growth.
FUDR FUDR is a trade name for floxuridine, a type of cytotoxic chemotherapy.
FUFOX A combination chemotherapy containing fluorouracil (5FU), leucovorin, and oxaliplatin.
fumarate hydratase FH The FH gene is mutated in patients with hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC).
fundoplication fundiplication Fundoplication is a surgical procedure in which the top end of the stomach (fundus) is wrapped around the bottom of the esophagus and sutured in place.
FV Family Voices is a national resource and advocacy organization for families raising children with special healthcare needs.
FVC Fvc, fvc Forced vital capacity is the entire measurement of the largest breath a person can exhale.
FWC The Foundation for Women’s Cancer was founded by the Society of Gynecologic Oncology and is dedicated to public awareness of gynecologic cancer prevention.
FWIW FWIW is internet shorthand meaning "For What It's Worth".
Fx FX, fx 1) A fracture is a break (including cracking) in a bone or other solid material. 2) A non-medical synonym for "effects."
FYI fyi Internet shorthand meaning "For Your information".
G-CSF GCSF Granulocyte–colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a growth factor that stimulates the bone marrow to make more white blood cells.
G-tube gastrostomy, G tube, G A gastric feeding tube (G-tube or "button") is a tube inserted through a small incision in the abdomen into the stomach and is used for long-term enteral nutrition.
GA 1) General anesthesia (GA), either inhaled or injected into a vein, stops perception of pain throughout the entire body and makes the person unconscious. 2) Georgia (GA), a state within the USA. 3) Ga is gallium, an element used in the contrast for a specialized imaging scan.
GABA 1) Gamma aminobutyric acid. 2) Informal abbreviation for gabapentin (Neurontin).
gabapentin Neurontin, Neurotin Gabapentin (Neurontin) centers its pain relief on nerves.
GAD gad, Gad Generalized anxiety disorder - A condition marked by excessive worry and feelings of fear, dread, and uneasiness that last six months or longer.
galactorrhea Galactorrhea is a milky nipple discharge unrelated to the normal milk production of breast-feeding.
Gallium-68 Gallium, Gallium 68, Ga-68, Galium, Galium 68, Galium-68 Gallium-68 is an isotope that emits positrons. A PET-scan contrast using Ga-68 works better than normal FDG contrast for certain types of cancer including carcinoid and neuroendocrine tumors.
Gamma Knife The Gamma Knife (also known as the Leksell Gamma Knife) is used to treat brain tumors by administering high-intensity cobalt radiation therapy in a manner that concentrates the radiation over a small volume.
gammopathy Monoclonal gammopathy is an abnormal level of a single type of paraprotein (such as immunoglobulin G) in the blood. On a blood test it is seen as an "M spike."
gastroparesis condition in which your stomach cannot empty itself of food in a normal fashion. It can be caused by damage to the vagus nerve, which regulates the digestive system.
gavage A way of giving medicines and liquids, including liquid foods, through a small tube placed through the nose or mouth into the stomach or small intestine.
GBC gbc, Gbc GBC is an abbreviation for gall bladder cancer.
GBM Glioblastoma (glioblastoma multiforme, GBM, or grade 4 astrocytoma) is one of the most common brain tumors, causing about 50% of all gliomas.
GCA gca, arteritis Giant cell arteritis (also called temporal arteritis) is a systemic inflammation of medium and large blood vessels which occurs without a known cause. It often involves the temporal arteries which provide circulation to the head and brain.
GcMAF GCMAF, GcMaf, gcmaf, Gcmaf Gc-protein-derived macrophage activating factor is an injectable product said to stimulate immune response.
GCP Good Clinical Practices are an international set of guidelines that helps make sure that the results of a clinical trial are reliable and that the patients are protected. GCP covers the way a clinical trial is designed, conducted, performed, monitored, audited, recorded, analyzed, and reported.
GCSE In England, Wales, and Northern Ireland the GCSE refers to the General Certificate of Secondary Education or the tests required for it.
GCUH GCH Gold Coast University Hospital is in Southport in the Gold Coast area south of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
GD Gestational diabetes, diabetes that appears when a woman is pregnant. It may or may not persist after pregnancy.
GE ge, G.E., g.e., Ge 1) A gastroenterologist is a medical specialist in digestive disorders and the digestive system. 2) Gastroesophageal, the place where the esophagus joins the stomach.
GEJ gej Gastroesophageal junction, the area where the esophagus and stomach meet.
GEP Gene expression profiling tests are designed to help plan adjuvant therapy for various cancers and diseases.
GERD Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic digestive disease that occurs when stomach acid or, occasionally, bile flows back (refluxes) into your food pipe (esophagus).
Gerson Gerson therapy is a form of alternative cancer treatment involving coffee enemas, supplements, juicing, and a special diet. The American Cancer Society stresses scientific evidence does not support claims that Gerson therapy is effective in treating cancer and it is not approved for use in the United States. Gerson therapy can be dangerous and even cause death.
GET Graded exercise therapy (GET) is a closely monitored program of gradually increasing exercise or physical activity.
GF Gluten Free (GF) A gluten-free diet (GF diet) is a diet that excludes foods containing gluten. Gluten is a protein composite found in wheat (including kamut and spelt), barley, rye and triticale.
GFR gfr, Gfr Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) describes the flow rate of filtered fluid through the kidney.
GG gg Ground glass, describing the appearance of an opacity, density, or nodule in the lung in a scan or x-ray.
GGO ggo, GGOs, ggos Ground-glass opacity is a descriptive name for an area of lung that appears foggy or clouded on a scan or x-ray, as if ground glass had been sprinkled in that area.
GGT ggt Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase. This enzyme is used as a diagnostic marker, primarily for liver problems.
GHPP GHPP is the Genetically Handicapped Persons Program for financially eligible adults in California.
GI gi, Gi 1) Gastrointestinal. The gastrointestinal tract is the stomach and intestine, sometimes including all the structures from the mouth to the anus. A GI specialist is a gastroenterologist. 2) Guided Imagery.
gibbled gibled, gibble, gible Gibbled is Canadian slang meaning broken, dysfunctional, disabled, handicapped. Also used as a verb: He gibbled his ankle.
GIGO gigo, Gigo Garbage in, garbage out, a basic rule of data processing and analysis: If your incoming info is bad your results won't be useful, no matter how great your computer or program is.
GINET Gastro-intestinal neuroendocrine tumor.
GIST A gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) is a type of tumor that occurs in the gastrointestinal tract, most commonly in the stomach or small intestine.
GJ G-J, g-j, gj, Gj, G-j, gastro-jejunostomy tube, gastrojejunostomy tube, 1) Grand Junction, Colorado. 2) A feeding tube surgically implanted into the stomach, held in place by a small balloon, and extending into the upper small intestine (jejunum).
GK gk, g knife, G knife 1) Gamma knife, a highly focused radiosurgery technique. 2) Grandkid(s).
GLA Gamma linolenic acid.
Gleason score Gleason, Gleason grade In prostate cancer, the Gleason score rates the tumor's degree of mutation from 2 to 10. The most mutated tumor rates 10 and is the most aggressive and likely to spread.
Glenn glenn The Glenn and Fontan are procedures done to redirect blood flow. The procedures are done because one of the two ventricles cannot pump blood effectively.
glossary Smart Patients maintains a glossary of terms and acronyms. If a member uses a glossary term in a conversation, the term will be underlined. Click it to see a popup (like this one).
GLTA Good luck to all.
Glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor GITR A surface receptor molecule involved in inhibiting the suppressive activity of T-regulatory cells.
GMO gmo, Gmo Genetically modified organism.
GNE myopathy GNEM, HIBM, hereditary inclusion body myopathy, Distal Myopathy with Rimmed Vacuoles, DMRV, Nonaka Myopathy GNE myopathy involves gradually increasing muscle weakness due to a genetic inability to process sialic acid properly.
Goblet cell carcinoid GCC Goblet cell carcinoid tumors start in the appendix and display features of both a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) and an adenocarcinoma.
GOG Gynecological Oncology Group.
GP Gp, gp 1) General Practitioner. Also family doctor or primary care provider. 2) Gastroparesis, slowed emptying of the stomach. 3) Group.
GPR gpr Abbreviation for good partial response, a classification of response for multiple myeloma.
Grading Grade, grade, grades A system for classifying cancer cells in terms of how abnormal they appear when examined under a microscope. The objective of a grading system is to provide information about the probable growth rate of the tumor and its tendency to spread.
granuloma granulomatous Technically, a granuloma is an organized mass of macrophages, often containing other types of cells which may give clues to its origin. Less accurately, the term _granuloma_ is often applied to any small nodule or mass of cells.
Great Ormond Street Hospital GOSH Great Ormond Street Hospital (GOSH) is a children's hospital located in London, England. It is part of the Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust and is closely associated with University College London (UCL).
Grover disease Grover's disease, acantholytic Grover's disease (a type of acantholytic dermatosis) causes itchy skin. It can be short-term or long-term.
GS Gilbert's, Gilbert Gilbert's syndrome is a common, mild liver condition in which the liver doesn't properly process a substance called bilirubin. Bilirubin is produced by the breakdown of red blood cells.
GSH gsh, Gsh, glutathione GSH is the abbreviation for the antioxidant glutathione.
GSI GIST Support International is for gastrointestinal stromal tumors.
GSK Gsk, gsk GlaxoSmithKline, a large British multinational pharmaceutical company.
GTA GTA usually refers to the greater Toronto area.
GU Genitourinary, a category of cancers including kidney, bladder, and prostate among others.
gua sha tribo-effleurage, coining Gua sha is a traditional Chinese medicine technique. Skin is scraped to produce light bruising which is meant to stimulate blood flow and healing.
Guillain-Barre syndrome GB, GBS, Guillian, Gullaine, Guilliane Guillain-Barre syndrome is a serious health problem that occurs when the body's defense (immune) system mistakenly attacks part of the nervous system.
GVHD GVHDs, GVM, GvM, GVH, GvH, GVHS, gvh, Gvh Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) or syndrome is a complication that can occur after an allogeneic stem cell or bone marrow transplant in which the newly transplanted donor cells attack the transplant recipient's body. GvM is Graft-versus-myeloma.
Gy gy, Gray, Grays, GY Gy (Gray) is a measure of radiation actually received by the target; the absorbed dose of ionizing radiation.
GYN-ONC Gynecologic oncologists are specialists in the area of female reproductive cancers. By training, they are OB-GYNs with an extra specialty added on. They are trained in all the treatments used for gynecologic cancers.
gynecomastia Male growth of female-like breasts; enlarged breasts in boys or men.
H2-receptor H2, H2RA Histamine H2-receptor antagonists (H2 blockers) are a type of acid reducer to relieve ulcers, heartburn, or gastroesophageal reflux.
HA HA's, HAs, H.A., h.a. 1) Headache. 2) Hallelujah Acres produces nutritional supplements as part of The Hallelujah Diet.
HAE Hereditary angioedema repeatedly creates episodes of swelling (fluid buildup in tissues).
HAL Hemorrhoidal arterial ligation is a hemorrhoid repair procedure.
half-life halflife Time required for radioactivity to decrease to one-half its original value (and then half of that, and half of that, and so on). Similarly used for concentration of a drug in the body. Example: X decreases to 1/2X in 12 hours. In 24 hours it will be 1/4X, and in 36 hours it will be 1/8X.
HAR Har, HyperAcute, HyperAccute HAR is the experimental HyperAcute Renal immunotherapy vaccine.
Hashimoto Hashimoto's, Hashi's, Hashis Hashimoto's thyroiditis or chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease in which the thyroid gland is attacked by a variety of cell- and antibody-mediated immune processes.
Hb Hb, HB 1) Hemoglobin (Hb) is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. 2) Husband.
HBO hbo, HBOT, hbot Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, providing oxygen at a pressure greater than normal air pressure in order to force oxygen into the tissues of the body.
HBOC Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer (HBOC) Syndrome is most often due to a mutation, or alteration, in either of 2 genes: BRCA1 and BRCA2.
HC hc 1) Health care; health care system. 2) High calorie.
HCC Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) is the most common form of liver cancer, comprising 3/4 of cases. It is found mostly in adults.
HCDD hcdd Heavy chain deposition disease (HCDD) is a comparatively recently described rare complication of plasma cell dyscrasia.
HCIT Health care information technology, a booming business.
HCL hairy-cell, hairy cell HCL refers to hairy-cell leukemia.
HCM Hcm, hcm Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a thickening of the heart wall which makes it hard for the heart to pump enough blood.
HCP Healthcare proxy. A type of advance directive that gives a person (such as a relative, lawyer, or friend) the authority to make healthcare decisions for another person.
HCPCS HCPCS is the billing code used by Medicare. It's based on the Current Procedural Technology codes (CPT).
HCT hct Hematopoietic cell transplants includes stem cell transplants, bone marrow transplants, and transplants from umbilical cord blood.
HD hd 1) High dose. 2) Hemodialysis circulates the blood through a cleansing system to do most of the job of the kidneys.
HDC Hdc, hdc High-dose chemotherapy.
HDCSCTR High dose chemotherapy with stem cell transplant rescue may be used for multiple myeloma or other types of cancer.
HDL hdl HDL stands for high-density lipoprotein. It's also sometimes called "good" cholesterol. Lipoproteins are made of fat and protein.
HDR 1) High Dose Rate (HDR) Brachytherapy implants radioactive "seeds" to deliver radiation directly to a tumor. 2) Homology directed repair of DNA. 3) High Dynamic Range photography is a computerized photographic technique.
HDT High-dose (chemo)therapy, high-dose treatment.
HE4 HE4 stands for human epididymis protein 4. HE4 is a common test to check for recurrence of ovarian cancer.
heavy chain heavy chains Myeloma is classified by the kind of heavy and light antibodies (chains) it produces. There are five kinds of heavy chains: IgG, IgA, IgM, IgD, and IgE. IgM often indicates a related disorder, Waldenstrom's macroglobulemia.
HEDS Hypermobility Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (HEDS) is a disorder of connective tissue.
HELLP Hellp, hellp A potentially life-threatening complication during pregnancy involving hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets. Related to pre-eclampsia.
hemangioma hemangiomata A benign mass of blood vessels. Plural, hemangiomata.
Hematologist Hem, hem A hematologist is a specialist in hematology, the science or study of blood, blood-forming organs and blood diseases.
hematoxylin and eosin examination H&E, hematoxylin and eosin An H&E examination is a microscopic examination (histopathology examination) of removed tissue stained with hematoxylin and eosin.
Hemochromatosis Hemochromatosis causes ferritin (iron) to build up in the body, damaging organ function and eventually causing death. Treatment is regular removal of blood.
HEMONC HEM-ONC, HAEMONC, Haem-Onc, HEMOC, hem-oc HEMONC is an informal abbreviation for hematologist-oncologist.
Hepatologist A medical specialist in diagnosing and treating diseases of the pancreas, biliary tract, and liver.
Hepatopulmonary Hepatopulmonary syndrome is a syndrome of shortness of breath and hypoxemia (low oxygen levels in the blood of the arteries) caused by vasodilation (broadening of the blood vessels) in the lungs of patients with liver disease.
HER2 HER2-positive, HER2+, HER2-negative, HER2- HER2-positive breast cancer tests positive for a protein called Human Epidermal growth factor Receptor 2 which promotes the growth of cancer cells. Drugs such as Herceptin can block HER2.
Hereditary hereditary A condition inherited through the genes from one parent (dominant) or both parents(recessive)
heterogenous hetrogenis, hetrogenous, heterogenis Mixed; made up of different things. A heterogenous mass contains different kinds or densities of tissue.
Heterotaxy Heterotaxy syndrome refers to a collection of disorders where either one side of the body is duplicated or the sides do not form in the correct manner. The most common organ systems involved include the cardiovascular system (the heart), the GI tract (stomach and intestines), and the spleen and liver.
HF 1) High functioning. 2) High frequency.
HFA High-functioning autism (HFA) is a term applied to people with autism who are deemed to be cognitively "higher functioning" (IQ>70) than other people with autism.
HFMD HMFD Hand, foot and mouth disease is a common virus. In children causes fever, rash on the hands and feet, and sores in the mouth. In adults it is uncommon and often more severe. (Not to be confused with foot and mouth disease, aka hoof and mouth disease.)
HFS H&F, PPE, palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia 1) Hand-Foot Syndrome: Reddening, swelling, numbness, and peeling of palms and soles that may occur with drug treatments for cancer. 2) Health food store(s).
Hgb HGB, HGb, hgb, hemoglobin, hb Hemoglobin is the protein that carries oxygen in the bloodstream. It is found in red blood cells.
HGF hepatocyte growth factor, Hgf, hgf Hepatocyte growth factor receptor is another name for c-MET, often called MET. Targeted treatment can be aimed at it.
HGVD hgvd, Hgvd 1) Host versus graft disease is a possible adverse effect of an allogeneic stem cell transplant. 2) Human Genetic Variation Database..
HH 1) A hiatus hernia or hiatal hernia is the protrusion (herniation) of the upper part of the stomach into the thorax through a tear or weakness in the diaphragm. 2) Head of household. 3) HH is short for Dr. Hans Hammers, a kidney oncologist at UTSW in Dallas.
HHA Home health aide.
HHT Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia, also known as Osler–Weber–Rendu disease and Osler–Weber–Rendu syndrome, is a genetic disorder that leads to abnormal blood vessel formation in the skin, mucous membranes, and often in organs such as the lungs, liver, and brain.
Hib HIB, hib Haemophilus influenza B vaccine, effective against all Hib diseases.
HICAP HICAPP The Health Insurance Counseling & Advocacy Program provides free Medicare counseling throughout the state of California. HICAP is California's Senior Health Insurance Program; every state has one.
Hickman The Hickman is a type of central venous catheter replacing direct IVs when they must be used frequently or long-term.
HIDA cholescintigraphy, heptobiliary A HIDA scan (hepatobiliary iminodiacetic acid scan) is a type of nuclear medicine scanning that shows the liver, gallbladder, biliary tract and small intestine in action.
HIF Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are transcription factors that respond to changes in available oxygen in the cellular environment, specifically, to decreases in oxygen, or hypoxia.
high blood pressure HBP, Hbp, hbp A common health problem in which circulating blood puts too much pressure on the walls of blood vessels. Over time this can cause heart disease, kidney problems, and other conditions.
high dose Interleukin 2 HDIL, HD IL, HD IL-2, HDIL-2, hd IL-2, hd IL2, hd il2, hdil-2, HDIL2, HD IL2, HD Il2, HD Il-2 HD il-2, hd il-2, hd il2 High-dose Interleukin is a high-dose regimen of intravenous infusion of interleukin-2.
HIGRT Hypofractionated image guided radiation therapy (HIGRT) is a therapy increasingly used for limited metastases.
HIIN HIIN, the Hospital Improvement Innovation Network.
HIIT High-intensity interval training is a type of exercise workout.
HIPAA Hipaa, HIPPA, Hippa In 1996 the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act became law. It includes standards for secure electronic health records, for protecting the privacy of a person’s health information, and for preventing misuse.
HIPEC Hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a highly concentrated, heated chemotherapy treatment that is delivered directly to the abdomen during surgery to remove visible tumors within the abdomen.
histoplasmosis An infection in the lungs and possibly elsewhere in the body, caused by inhaling fungal spores from dried droppings of birds or bats.
history and physical H&P, h&p, History and physical History and physical. Information typically required of new patients.
HLA Hla, hla Human leukocyte antibody. HLA status determines which antibodies are present so stem cell or bone marrow recipients can be matched with appropriate donors.
HLHS hlhs Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS), is a rare congenital heart defect in which the left ventricle of the heart is severely underdeveloped.
HLRCC hlRCC Hereditary Leiomyomatosis and Renal Cell Cancer (HLRCC) or Reed’s Syndrome is one of several rare familial syndromes involving kidney cancer and is caused by mutations in the Fumarate Hydratase (FH) Gene.
HME MHE, hereditary multiple exostosis, diaphyseal aclasia, diaphyseal aclasis, exostosis, exostoses, multiple osteochondromas Hereditary multiple exostoses is a rare medical condition in which multiple bony spurs or lumps (non-cancerous) develop on the bones. Also known as HME, MHE, MO (multiple osteochondromas), and diaphyseal aclasis.
HMO hmo, Hmo A Health Maintenance Organization, a type of group healthcare practice that provides basic and supplemental health maintenance and treatment services on a prepaid basis.
HNPCC Hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer.
HOA Hematology-Oncology Associates.
Hodgkin lymphoma Hodgkin's lymphoma, HL, Hodgkin's, Hodgkin Lymphomas are cancers of the lymph system. Lymphomas are classified as Hodgkin's or non-Hodgkin's. Hodgkin's lymphoma often can be successfully treated.
Holder Holder
homogeneous homogenous All parts the same.
hospice Hospice is a program of care and support for people with a life expectancy of 6 months or less (Medicare rule). The focus is on comfort, not on curing an illness.
HPF A high power field is the area visible on a slide when viewed by a high power microscope (usually x400 or x500 magnification)
HPRC HPRC is hereditary papillary renal carcinoma, a genetic syndrome.
HR hr, Hr, hR 1) High risk. 2) Heart rate. 3) Human Resources is a department in many US companies. 4) Hour.
hRCC hrcc Hereditary Renal Cell Carcinoma. The vast majority of kidney cancer cases are not hereditary, but a few percent of renal cell cancers are caused by hereditary syndromes.
HRD HRD+, HRD-, HRD-positive, HRD-negative Homologous recombination deficiency is a deficiency in the ability to repair DNA. The HRD test helps predict patient response to treatment for some cancers.
HRG hrg Human recombinant gene.
HRHS Hypoplastic right heart syndrome (HRHS) is a birth defect in which the right two chambers (atrium and ventricle) of the heart are underdeveloped.
HRMM hrMM, hrmm High-risk multiple myeloma.
HRSMM High risk smoldering multiple myeloma usually develops into multiple myeloma.
HRT Hrt, hrt Hormone replacement therapy.
HSCT Hematopoetic stem cell transplant, a less common term for stem cell transplant. Can be either autologous (donation from self) or allogeneic (donation from a well-matched donor).
HSP Henoch–Schönlein purpura causes spots of bleeding under the skin, pain in joints and abdomen, and possible kidney problems. Usually it resolves after several weeks.
HT Ht, ht Hormone therapy.
HTA Health Texhnology Assessment. The term ‘health technology’ covers a range of methods used to promote health, prevent and treat disease, and improve rehabilitation and long-term care.
hTERT TERT Human telomerase reverse transcriptase helps nucleotides add onto the length of telomeres in DNA, allowing aging cells to "become immortal" (cancerous) and to reproduce long after they should have died.
HTH hth Internet acronym used after information is provided, meaning "hope that helps."
HTN htn, Htn Hypertension, high blood pressure.
human papilloma virus HPV, hpv, Hpv, human papillomavirus Human papilloma virus is the cause of genital warts. It has also been implicated in some types of cancer.
HUP HUPenn Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, located in Philadelphia, PA.
HUS HUS - The Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, Finland - is a Joint Authority formed by 24 municipalities.
Hutch Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA
Hx HX, hx History (Medical)
hyperacusis Extreme sensitivity to sounds.
Hyperammonemia hyperammonemic Hyperammonemia is a metabolic condition characterized by elevated levels of ammonia in the blood.
hypercalcemia Hypercalcemia is a condition in which you have too much calcium in your blood.
hyperemesis HG Hyperemesis gravidarum is a rare complication of pregnancy also known as excessive morning sickness. It involves unremitting nausea, vomiting, and dehydration and can lead to electrolyte imbalance or malnutrition.
hypersomnia Hypersomnia means sleeping much more than normal. Idiopathic hypersomnia means hypersomnia for no known cause.
IBC Inflammatory Breast Cancer
IBD Ibd, ibd Inflammatory bowel disease (which is not the same thing as irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS) refers to two chronic diseases that cause inflammation of the intestines: ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease.
IBM inclusion body myositis, s-IBM, h-IBM 1) Inclusion body myositis, a slowly progressing, probably inflammatory auto-immune attack on muscles, most noticeable in the arms and legs. 2) International Business Machines, a major corporation.
IBS ibs, Ibs Irritable bowel syndrome Also called irritable colon, mucus colitis, and spastic colon. A disorder of the intestines commonly marked by abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in a persons bowel habits, diarrhea or constipation.
IC 1) Ileal conduit. 2) Ischemic colitis. 3) Interstitial cystitis. 4) Incompetent cervix: a cervix which cannot support the weight of a pregnancy without medical intervention.
ICAN The International Cesarean Awareness Network, Inc. (ICAN) is a nonprofit organization promoting maternal-child health by preventing unnecessary cesareans through education, providing support for cesarean recovery, and promoting Vaginal Birth After Cesarean (VBAC).
ICBI CBI, Cbi Immune checkpoint blocker inhibitors include anti-PD1 drugs, anti-PDL1 drugs, and anti-CTLA4 drugs.
ICD aICD, icd An implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is a pager-sized battery-powered device implanted into the chest to automatically monitor and shock the heart back to normal rhythm if its lower chambers (ventricles) stop beating effectively (fibrillation or tachycardia).
ICD10 ICD-10, icd10 The tenth revision of the World Health Organization's International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems.
ICE R-ICE, RICE Combination chemotherapy for lymphoma with ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide. If rituximab is added, the combination is called R-ICE.
ICF The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health is the World Health Organization's framework for classifying and measuring health and disability at both individual and population levels.
ICN ICN-Partners, ImproveCareNow-Partners, ImproveCareNow, Icn ImproveCareNow (ICN) is an established network of pediatric gastroenterology care centers working together to transform the health, care and costs for all children and adolescents with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. ICN-Partners engages patients and families as active partners in their health and health care.
ICP 1) Intracranial pressure; pressure inside the skull. 2) An intermittent catheterization program; urination at intervals through an inserted catheter tube.
ICS Inhaled Corticosteroid
ICU icu, picu, PICU, CCU Intensive care unit (ICU) is a hospital ward for patients whose illness requires continual monitoring and more care than the average patient. Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) is an ICU ward especially for children. In some hospitals this speciality ward is called CCU - Critical Care Unit.
ICYMI Internet abbreviation for "in case you missed it."
IDC 1) Invasive ductal carcinoma (aka infiltrating ductal carcinoma) is the most common type of breast cancer. 2) An indwelling catheter for urination.
idiopathic Idiopathic refers to a medical condition that occurs with no apparent reason or cause.
IDK Internet abbreviation for "I don't know."
IDO Idoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase is a substance that occurs naturally in the body to suppress immune activity, for example protecting a developing fetus from rejection; but also protecting some malignant tumors.
IDS An Integrated Delivery System is a network of health care organizations under a parent holding company. Some IDS have an HMO component, while others are a network of physicians only, or of physicians and hospitals.
IFE Immunofixation (IFE) is a quantitative laboratory method used to determine immunoglobulin levels.
Ig IG, Igs, IGs Immunoglobulins are a type of protein that acts as an antibody.
IgA Iga, iga, igA, IGA Immunoglobulin A (IgA, also referred to as sIgA) is an antibody that plays a critical role in mucosal immunity. An IgA test can help diagnose problems with the immune system, intestines, and kidneys. It is also used to evaluate autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and celiac disease.
IgD igd, IGd, Igd IgD myeloma, which is particularly severe, accounts for only 1–3% of all myeloma cases, and the kappa subtype contributes only 10–30% of IgD myelomas.
IGF-1 Insulin-like growth factor 1 can promote tumor formation. IGF-1 is not insulin but is similar to it.
IGFBP-3 igfbp-3 Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 is a hormone which normally works to prevent unregulated tissue growth by inducing apoptosis (cellular death) in cancer cells.
IgG igG, IGG, Igg, IGg, igg Immunoglobulin G is the most abundant antibody in human blood.
IgM IGM, igm, IGm, Igm Immunoglobulin M is a basic antibody that is produced by B cells. Overexpression of IgM may indicate Waldenstrom's macroglobulemia, a relative of multiple myeloma.
IGRT Image-guided radiation therapy - A procedure that uses a computer to create a picture of a tumor to help guide the radiation beam during radiation therapy.
IH ih, IIH, iih, Iih 1) Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (pseudotumor cerebrii) is increased pressure inside the skull without a clearcut cause like a tumor or injury. 2) Idiopathic hypersomnia is sleeping far more than normal without a known cause.
IHC ihc 1) Immunohistochemistry (IHC) uses antibody staining to show if removed tissue expresses antigens to help refine identification or treatment. 2) Intermountain Healthcare.
IHI The Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI), an independent not-for-profit organization based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. It's primary goal is the improvement of health and health care worldwide.
IIP idiopathic interstitial pneumonia Idiopathic interstitial pneumonia refers to several diseases with no known cause. IIP inflames the interstitium (the tissue and space around the alveoli, the air sacs), causing scarring and stiffness in the lungs.
IJS ijs, Ijs Abbreviation for "I'm just saying," similar to "my two cents" or "take it [my comment] for what it's worth." Also, "I just saw".
IK Internet abbrev. for "I know."
IKCC The International Kidney Cancer Coalition brings together organizations providing information and support for kidney cancer patients and family members.
ILC Invasive lobular carcinoma, a form of breast cancer
ILD Interstitial lung disease affects the tissues and spaces between the air sacs which causes stiffening of the lungs.
ileum The ileum is the third and final section of the small intestine.
ILO ilo In lieu of; instead of or in place of.
IM 1) Intramuscular: Within or into muscle. 2) Internal medicine. An internal medicine doctor is an internist. 3) Online, an IM is an instant message (also called a PM, private message; or DM, direct message).
Imagery Also called guided imagery. A technique in which a person focuses on positive images in his or her mind. It can help people reach a relaxed, focused state and help reduce stress and give a sense of well-being.
IMF International Myeloma Foundation.
imid An immune-inhibiting drug (immunomodulatory drug), especially the derivatives of thalidomide used to treat multiple myeloma.
immune thrombocytopenic purpura ITP, itp, Itp Chronic ITP is an autoimmune disorder in which antiplatelet autoantibodies and specialized white blood cells destroy blood platelets. The resulting low platelet count may produce bruising or excessive bleeding.
immunoelectrophoresis IEP IEP is a blood test that separates and measures various antibodies in the blood.
immunofixation-serum test IF, IFX, ifx, immunofix, immunosubtraction, immunofixation An IFX test can determine if there are abnormal amounts of one or more types (clones) of immunoglobulin in blood serum and the type of Ig involved. A single raised Ig clone is an M spike (monoclonal spike). An abnormal rise in several clones is called oligoclonal bands (o-bands).
immunoproliferative disorder Also immunoproliferative disease, immunoproliferative neoplasm (cancer). Abnormal production of any specific type of the immune system's white blood cells or immunoglobulins (antibodies).
immunotherapy Immunotherapy is any treatment that uses the body's own immune system to fight disease.
IMNSHO In My Not So Humble Opinion.
IMO IMHO, MHO, mho, imho, imo IMO (In My Opinion), MHO (My Humble Opinion) and IMHO (In My Humble Opinion) are abbreviations frequently used in online conversations.
IMP Interstage monitoring program, keeping track of young patients between operations for hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
IMR An Independent Medical Review (IMR) is a process where expert independent medical professionals are selected to review specific medical decisions made by the insurance company. Most states have a procedure for this type of review.
IMRT Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy uses computer images and a multileaf collimator to shape radiation intensity to conform to the size and shape of a tumor.
IMWG IMFWG The International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) is a consortium of 160 international researchers in multiple myeloma brought together by the International Myeloma Foundation.
in-pt In-patient, a patient who has been admitted to a hospital.
INCA INCAN, INCAn INCA is the International Neuroendocrine Cancer Alliance.
incidental finding An incidental finding is found when looking for something else. Ex: After a car crash, a CT scan looking for injuries might reveal a tumor.
incidentaloma A tumor found incidentally (by coincidence rather than medical planning).
IND Investigational new drug; an experimental treatment.
Induction chemotherapy Chemotherapy given to induce a remission. This term is commonly used in the treatment of acute leukemias.
infectious disease ID, infectious An infectious disease is one caused by an organism such as bacteria or parasites. Infectious disease doctors specialize in diagnosing and treating infectious diseases.
inferior vena cava IVC, ivc The inferior (lower) vena cava carries blood from the lower body to the heart so it can be reoxygenated. The superior vena cava does the same thing for the upper body.
infuse infusion Deliver a drug into the bloodstream by injection, intravenous line, or port.
inhibin inhibins, inhibin-A, inhibin-B The hormone inhibin decreases production of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) which the pituitary secretes to signal the ovary to mature an egg.
inhibit inhibits, inhibiting To suppress or subdue. To disrupt the action of something; for example, to inhibit a molecular pathway.
inhibitor inhibitors A substance such as a drug which suppresses, subdues, disrupts, or prevents an action or response.
INR International Normalized Ratio (INR) are measures of the extrinsic pathway of coagulation. They are used to determine the clotting tendency of blood, in the measure of warfarin dosage, liver damage and vitamin K status.
Interleukin 2 I.L.2, I.L.2., IL-2, IL2, il2, il-2, Il2, iL2, iL-2, I L2, I L2, I L 2, i l 2 Interleukin-2 (aldesleukin, Proleukin) is an immunotherapy drug used to treat melanomas and kidney cancer. It is also being studied for use against some leukemias, lymphomas, other cancers, and some other diseases.
InterStim Interstim, interstim InterStim therapy uses an implanted device to stimulate nerves near the tailbone, helping the brain and nerves to communicate better to control the bladder.
Intervention model The general design describing the strategy in which interventions will be assigned to participants in a clinical study. Types of intervention models include Single group design, Parallel design, Crossover design, and Factorial design.
Intragam P Intragam, Intragam p, intragam P, intragam, intragam p, Intragram P, Intragram p, Intragram, intragram, intragram P, intragram p A brand of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG).
intravesical Inside the bladder.
intussusception intussusception The inversion of one portion of the intestine within another.
IO immuno-oncology, immunooncology Immuno-oncology is the science of helping the body's own immune system to fight cancer.
IOP An intensive outpatient program (IOP) provides deeper and more intensive psychotherapy than regular outpatient counseling.
IOW IOW is an internet abbreviation for "in other words."
IP 1) Intraperitoneal chemo delivers chemotherapy via a port directly into the abdomen where it is absorbed through the organs. 2) Individual provider.
IPAQ International Physical Activity Questionnaire.
IPE Independent psychological examination.
IPF idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a disease of the lung's interstitium (the tissue and space surrounding the alveoli, the air sacs) which can lead to scarring, stiffening, and difficulty breathing.
Ipi IPI, ipi, ipilimumab, Yervoy Ipilimumab is an immune checkpoint blockade drug which is FDA approved to treat melanoma.
IPMN Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm is a tumor that grows in the pancreatic ducts.
IPND The International Panel for NMO Diagnosis sets guidelines for proper diagnoses.
IPOP 1) Inpatient / outpatient. 2) An innovative clinic at Johns Hopkins providing a continuum of care for inpatients and outpatients.
IPV ipv, Ipv Intrapulmonary percussive ventilator or ventilation. IPV's mouthpiece delivers frequent short bursts of air to help clear lungs for people with cystic fibrosis, emphysema, ALS, and other lung problems.
IR 1) Immediate release. 2) Interventional Radiologist, a medical professional whose sub-specialty uses minimally-invasive image-guided procedures to diagnose and treat diseases.
IRB An Institutional Review Board is a group of scientists, doctors, clergy, and patient advocates that reviews and approves the detailed plan for every clinical trial. There is an IRB at every health care facility that does clinical research.
IRE NTIRE Irreversible electroporation (also called non-thermal irreversible electroporation or NTIRE) uses very short, very strong electrical fields to cause tiny, permanent, fatal pores in cells, killing them by apoptosis.
iron deficiency anemia IDA, Ida, ida An abnormally low amount of red blood cells caused by a lack of iron in the system. Usually remedied by adding iron to the diet or by iron supplements.
irreversible An irreversible drug chemically changes its target into a different substance; the body or disease cannot reverse this change. An irreversible procedure makes a major physical change that cannot be reversed by the disease, medical treatment, or time.
IS incentive spirometer, spirometer An incentive spirometer measures how deeply patients can breathe, helping them develop their lung capacity and avoid pneumonia. Often used after surgery.
ISC Intermittent self-catheterization involves inserting a catheter tube at intervals into one's own bladder to release urine.
ISO An internet abbreviation meaning "in search of."
ISS R-ISS, RISS The International Staging System (ISS) for multiple myeloma classifies cases by severity, risk factors, and predicted responsiveness to treatment. R-ISS means revised ISS.
IT ITs, ITS 1) Intrusive Thoughts: repeated unwelcome ideas, memories, or traumatic flashbacks. 2) Intrathecal: inside the membrane surrounding the spinal cord. 3) Iliotibial band: a ligament that causes knee pain when inflamed. 4) Information technology: electronic storage, retrieval, manipulation, and storage of data (information)
iTind Approved in Europe and in clinical trials in the US, iTind is a temporary 5-day implant to reduce non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland.
ITMHA IT MHA, IT mha, itmha, Itmha Intrathecal methotrexate, hydrocortisone, and cytarabine (ara-c). Intrathecal drugs are injected beneath the membrane surrounding the spinal cord.
IU Health IU Indiana University Health is a leader in multivisceral transplantation (transplant of intestines along with other needed organs such as liver, spleen, or stomach).
IUD An intrauterine device (IUD) is a small contraceptive device which is inserted into the uterus as an effective type of reversible birth control.
IUGR Intrauterine growth restriction.
IUI iui, IUIs, iuis, IUI's, iui's Intra-uterine insemination, a type of artificial insemination in which washed, concentrated sperm are placed within the uterus near ovulation time.
IV Iv 1) Intravenous (IV) - The administration of drugs or fluids directly into the bloodstream. 2) Roman numeral for the number 4.
IVF ivf 1) _In vitro_ fertilization, in which the sperm and egg are brought together in laboratory equipment outside the body. 2) intravenous Fluids. Intravenous therapy is the infusion of liquid substances directly into a vein. The word intravenous simply means "within vein."
IVIg IVig, IViG, ivig, Ivig, IVIG Intravenous immunoglobulin, a natural antibody extracted from healthy donors, concentrated in a sterile solution, and administered into a vein.
Ivor-Lewis IL, Ivor, Ivor Lewis, ivor, ivors 1) Ivor-Lewis Esophagectomy. Surgery to remove all or part of the esophagus. 2) IL is also the abbreviation for "in-Laws".
IVP Intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is an x-ray examination of the kidneys, ureters and urinary bladder that uses iodinated contrast material injected into vein.
ixazomib Ninlaro Ixazomib (Ninlaro) is an oral proteasome inhibitor approved by the FDA in 2015 to block proteasomes from breaking down proteins within cells.
J-tube J-Tube, j-tube, j tube, J tube, J-tubes, j-tubes A jejunostomy feeding tube (J-tube) is a tube surgically or endoscopically inserted through the abdomen and into the jejunum (the second part of the small intestine)
JAK2 JAK2+, JAK2-, JAKII, JAKII+, JAKII-, JAK-2, JTK10 The JAK2 gene, Janus kinase 2, is particularly important in regulating production of blood cells from hematopoietic stem cells. JAK2 mutation causes overproduction of various types of blood cells.
JC virus JC, JCV 1) John Cunningham polyomavirus can cause progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). 2) Jamestown Canyon virus.
JCC Jewish Community Center.
JDM Jdm, jdm, JM, Jm, jm Juvenile dermatomyositis involves skin rash, muscle weakness, and other muscle problems.
jej Informal abbreviation for jejeunum, the middle part of the small intestine below the duodenum and before the ileum.
JHH Hopkins, JHM, JHU Johns Hopkins Medicine (JHM) is headquartered in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. JHM unites physicians and scientists of the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine with the organizations, health professionals and facilities of The Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) and Health System.
JIA JRA Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (juvenile rheumatoid arthritis) occurs in people age 17 or younger.
JP Jackson-Pratt, J-P, jp, j-p A temporarily implanted surgical drain. Its external plastic bulb is deflated and then attached to the drain via a tube. The bulb acts as a vacuum pulling and storing fluid.
JPS Juvenile polyposis syndrome is a hereditary condition in which non-cancerous polyps form in the digestive tract, often interfering with the digestive process. Abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, anemia, and diarrhea are common.
JSpA JSPA, jspa, Jspa Juvenile-onset spondyloarthritis (juvenile spondylitis, juvenile spondyloarthropathy) is a childhood rheumatic disease which causes joint pain, especially in the lower part of the body. Problems may continue throughout life.
KAFOs KAFO, KAFO's Knee, ankle, foot orthotics provide support that enables people to walk despite foot drop and weakened ankles and knees.
kappa chain Kappa is one of two types of light chains that make up immunoglobulins. The other is lambda. A normal antibody is composed of two immunoglobulin heavy chains and two light chains.
kappa light chain KLC, Klc, klc, KFL, kfl, Kfl Myeloma is classified by the kind of heavy and light antibodies (chains) it produces. There are two types of free (unbound) light chains called kappa and lambda.
kataegis One or more "hotspots" on a genome where mutations are clustered together. In breast cancer, kataegis indicates a better prognosis.
KC 1) Kidney Cancer. 2) Kansas City, Missouri, and Kansas City, Kansas, are US cities separated by a river.
KCA The Kidney Cancer Association (KCA) is a charitable organization made up of patients, family members, physicians, researchers, and other health professionals globally.
KCC Kcc Kidney Cancer Canada was founded by patients.. They are the first and only Canadian charitable, patient-led, support and advocacy organization for kidney cancer.
KCSN The Kidney Cancer Support Network is an online support group for kidney cancer patients, families and friends based in the United Kingdom.
KDR KDR (or kinase insert domain receptor) is a growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase.
Kettering KHN Kettering Hospital and Kettering Health Network serve the greater Dayton area in Ohio, USA.
Ki-67 KI67, Ki67, MKI67, KI-67 The Ki-67 test measures a protein that tells how fast certain types of cancer are growing. The test is also used to grade pancreatic or gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumors.
kinesio kinesiology Short for kinesiology, the mechanics of bodily movement or the study thereof. Often used in the phrase "kinesio tape."
KIR KIR stands for killer cell immunoglobulin–like receptor. The 17 KIR genes affect the activity and efficiency of immune response.
KIT Abbreviation for "keep in touch" or Keep In Touch group (myositis).
KL Kl, kl, KL ratio 1) KL (KL ratio) is the kappa-lambda ratio showing relative levels of the two different kinds of free light chains in the blood of a multiple myeloma patient. Also written as K/L or k/l. 2) Kuala Lumpur, city in Malaysia.
Kleefstra Kleefstra syndrome is caused by a loss of genomic material on chromosome 9 that includes the gene EHMT1. There is currently no cure for this condition, but having a diagnosis can help guide a person’s health care.
KM K-M, Kaplan-Meier, Kaplan-Meyer The Kaplan-Meier curve (or Kaplan-Meier estimate, estimator, or method) is a way of computing and depicting statistics such as survival data of a group of patients. See Cancerguide.org's section on statistics.
KP Kaiser 1) Kaiser Permanente is the largest integrated managed health care organization in the United States. 2) Kyphoplasty (KP) is a surgical procedure in which the cavity is filled with a cement-like material called polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) to stabilize the bone.
KRAS The KRAS gene provides instructions for making a protein called K-Ras that is involved primarily in regulating cell division.
KRD The combination of Kyprolis, Revlimid, and dexamethasone is used to treat multiple myeloma.
KS Kaposi's sarcoma is a cancer that causes patches of abnormal tissue to grow under the skin, in the lining of the mouth, nose, and throat or in other organs. Often affects people with immune deficiencies, such as HIV/AIDS.
KUCC The University of Kansas Cancer Center, Kansas City, Kansas (KUCC) was founded in 2002 and became an NCI-designated cancer center in 2012.
kyphoplasty vertebroplasty The surgical filling of a collapsed vertebra with fast-setting cement. This version of vertebroplasty uses a special balloon inserted to elevate the vertebra before the procedure.
kyphosis Excessive convex rounding (forward curvature) of the back.
Kyprolis carfilzomib, Krypolis Kyprolis (carfilzomib) is a proteasome inhibitor used in multiple myeloma and POEMS to block proteasomes from breaking down proteins within cells.
Labor and delivery L&d, l&d, L&D The healthiest endpoint of pregnancy is labor and delivery.
LAD The left anterior descending artery is an artery of the heart.
LADA Latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) is sometimes called type 1.5 diabetes.
lambda chain Lambda is one of two types of light chains that make up immunoglobulins. The other is kappa. A normal antibody is composed of two immunoglobulin heavy chains and two light chains.
lamella lamellae Lamella (pl. lamellae) is a membrane, thin layer, scale, or a platelike tissue or part.
Laminectomy laminectomy Laminectomy is surgery to remove the lamina. This is part of the bone that makes up a vertebra in the spine. Laminectomy may also be done to remove bone spurs in your spine or when metastases compromise the spine. The procedure can take pressure off your spinal nerves or spinal cord.
lanreotide Lanreotide is the generic name for Somatuline Depot (a long-acting analog of somatostatin) used to treat the symptoms of carcinoid tumors.
laparoscopic surgery laparascopy, Laparoscopy, laparoscopic, Laparoscopic, keyhole, Keyhole, laporoscopy, laporoscopic, laporoscoptic, lapro A surgical technique using very small incisions and special instruments to get to the surgical target. (Open surgery is the traditional technique using a large incision.)
LAR Long-acting release. LAR is often used to refer to Sandostatin LAR Depot (used for carcinoid syndrome and acromegaly).
LC lc, LCs, LC's, lc's, lcs 1) Lung cancer. 2) Light chains and heavy chains are types of antibody proteins produced in excess in multiple myeloma. 3) Liquid chromatography physically separates materials in a sample, either for further procedures or for identification of the substances.
LCADC Licensed Clinical Alcohol and Drug Counselor.
LCDD lcdd Light chain deposition disease (LCDD) is a rare blood cell disease in which the kidneys are often affected. lAbout half of people with light chain deposition disease also have multiple myeloma.
LCH 1) Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis (LCH) is a disorder in which excess immune system cells called Langerhans cells build up in the body. These cells help regulate the immune system. 2) The Levine Children's Hospital (LCH) is a pediatric hospital with a Pediatric Cardiovascular ICU located on the campus of Carolinas Medical Center in Charlotte, North Carolina.
LCHF Low carb, high fat.
LCIS Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a condition caused by unusual cells in the lobules of the breast. It is usually not considered cancer, but it can indicate an increased risk of future cancer.
LCMC Lung Cancer Mutation Consortium. See NCT01014286 and http://www.golcmc.com/
LCNEC Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma.
LCSW LCSWs Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) – Masters in Social Work required, plus supervised experience.
LDH Lactic acid dehydrogenase (LDH) is an enzyme that helps produce energy. It is present in almost all solid tissues and becomes elevated in the bloodstream in response to cell damage.
LDL LDL Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is often called "Bad" Cholesterol. When too much LDL cholesterol circulates in the blood, it can slowly build up in the inner walls of the arteries that feed the heart and brain.
LDN Naltrexone is used by prescription at normal doses to treat dependence on narcotics or alcohol. Low-dose naltrexone is experimental off-label use of naltrexone for conditions such as nerve pain and multiple sclerosis.
LDWBCT WBLD, WBLDCT, LDWB Low-dose whole-body CT scan detects bone lesions in multiple myeloma and can be used in staging the disease.
Lean program training Lean, LEAN Lean is a quality-production method which trains people to reduce work and waste while producing outcomes of high value.
LEAP LEAP stands for Lifestyle, Eating, And Performance. The LEAP diet is called an ImmunoCalm Nutrition Program and is designed to address food or chemical sensitivities.
lector Latin for "reader". As in "caveat lector" which means "reader beware".
LEEP Leep, leep Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure electrifies a loop of thin wire with low voltage. After local anesthesia, the loop is used to cut out abnormal cervical tissue.
lenalidomide Revlimid, Rev-, Rev -, Revlamid, Revlimide, Rev Revlimid (lenalidomide) is an immune-inhibiting drug (imid) used to treat multiple myeloma. It has fewer side effects than its parent drug Thalomid (thalidomide) but can still cause drastic birth defects.
leptomeningeal metastasis leptomeningeal, leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, leptomeningeal carcinoma, meningeal metastasis, meningeal carcinoma, meningeal carcinomatosis Leptomeningeal metastasis is rare. Cancer spreads to the cerebrospinal fluid and/or the two deeper layers of the meninges (the membrane which encloses the fluid, brain, and spinal cord).
LES The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is a muscular valve at the bottom of the esophagus.
Lesion Lesions A lesion is any damaged or abnormal area of tissue in the body. The term is often used by radiologists. Lesions occur in many different places and types of tissue due to widely varied causes requiring different diagnosis and treatment procedures.
LETM Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) is TM (a neuro-immune disorder attacking the spinal cord) with a spinal cord lesion that extends over three or more vertebrae.
leukocyte All the different types of white blood cells are leukocytes. They carry out the job of the immune system.
LFA-1 LFA-1 antagonist, Xiidra LFA-1 antagonists are a new type of drug for dry eyes which block lymphocyte function-associated antigen 1.
LFS Li-Fraumeni syndrome is an inheritable genetic mutation that is associated with various types of cancer.
LH Luteinizing hormone is produced by the pituitary gland. LH level is checked with a blood or urine test.
Lhermittes L'hermitte's, Lhermitte's, L'hermittes, L'hermitte, lhermitte, lhermitte's, Lhermitte Lhermitte's sign or phenomenon (barber chair phenomenon) is a sensation like an electric shock running up or down the spine, often triggered by bending the head forward.
LHS Informal term for left-hand side.
LID Lid 1) Low iodine diet. 2) Levodopa-induced dyskinesia. 3) Lidocaine, a local anesthetic.
LIJ LIJMC Long Island Jewish Medical Center has many affiliates and facilities throughout the area of Long Island and Staten Island, New York.
liver function test LFT, lft, Lft, LF, lf, LFTs More commonly called a liver enzyme test, the LFT is a group of tests using biochemistry to evaluate the healthiness of the liver.
LKB1 STK11 A protein kinase that functions as a tumor suppressor. It is known as serine/threonine kinase 11 (STK11), liver kinase B1 (LKB1), and renal carcinoma antigen (NY-REN-11). It is encoded by the STK11 gene.
LLC Llc, llc, LFL, lfl, Lfl, lambda light chain, lamda light chain 1) Myeloma is classified by the kind of heavy and light antibodies (chains) it produces, including two types of free (unbound) light chains called kappa and lambda. 2) Limited liability company.
LLMD Lyme's (disease) literate medical doctor.
LLQ Llq, llq Lower left quadrant of the torso.
LLS The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society (LLS) is the world's largest voluntary health agency dedicated to blood cancer.
LMK Lmk Internet abbreviation, "let me know."
LMP L.M.P., lmp, Lmp Low malignant potential (LMP) ovarian tumors are also called borderline tumors.
LMS lms Leiomyosarcoma is a soft tissue sarcoma that occurs in the smooth muscles — muscles not under voluntary control. Found most commonly in the uterus, gastrointestinal tract or lining of blood vessels.
LMWH lmwh, Lmwh Low molecular weight heparin, also known as Lovenox, is a blood thinner used to treat deep vein thrombosis and other problems caused by unwanted blood clots.
LN LNs, ln Lymph node.
LND Lymph node dissection is the surgical removal of a group or groups of lymph nodes which are then examined for cancer.
LO Loved one.
locum Locum A locum or locum tenens is a temporary job replacing another person on extended leave, sabbatical, etc. The term is perhaps most common in healthcare.
LOH Loss of heterozygosity, a genetic mutation.
LOINC Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes, a group that works to standardize terminology and abbreviations in healthcare.
lordosis hyperlordosis, swayback Excessive inward (concave) curving of the lower back.
Low-Grade Serous Carcinoma of the Ovary LGSOC Low-grade serous ovarian cancer is a rare disease, accounting for less than 10% of ovarian cancer cases.
LP lp, Lp Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) uses a needle to remove some cerebrospinal fluid for diagnostic purposes or injects medication into the cerebrospinal fluid in the lower area of the spine (lumbar region).
LPHD LPHL Lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin's disease / Hodgkin's lymphoma.
LPM Lpm, LpM, lpm Liters per minute, the measure used for oxygen released to a patient from a tank or concentrator.
LRCHD LRCHL Lympocyte-rich classic Hodgkin's disease / Hodgkin's lymphoma.
LRQ Lrq, lrq, RLQ, Rlq, rlq Lower right quadrant of the torso.
LS Lynch syndrome is an inheritable genetic mutation that is associated with development of various types of cancer.
LSVT LSVT-LOUD, LSVT-BIG Lee Silverman voice treatment: LSVT LOUD trains Parkinson's patients to improve speech function and quiet voice. LSVT BIG is a variant to help Parkinson's patients make expansive, quick, explosive movements to improve their ability to move at normal speed.
LSW LSWs Licensed social worker.
LTC Ltc 1) Long-term care. 2) Lieutenant colonel.
LTD ltd, ldti, LTDI Long term disability (Insurance), usually referring to a private insurance plan or one provided by your employer.
Lupus lupus Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs when your body's immune system attacks your own tissues and organs.
Lurie 1). Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University is located in Chicago, Illinois, USA. 2) Ann and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago in Chicago, IL is a teaching hospital and ranked nationally in 10 pediatric specialties.
Lutate Lu-177, Lu177, Lutetium177, Lutetium-177 Lutate is a peptide receptor radionucliotide therapy (PRRT) attaching radioactive Lutetium-177 to ocreotide which then binds to somatostatin receptors in neuroendocrine tumors, killing them without harming healthy tissue.
LVAD A left ventricular assist device may be implanted to help the heart pump enough blood despite heart failure.
LVC Lvc, lvc Lower vena cava, a section of the largest vein in the human body.
LVEF Left ventricle ejection fraction; a test of the efficiency of the heart's functioning.
LVHN LVH Lehigh Valley Health Network serves the area around Allentown, Pennsylvania, USA, known as the Lehigh Valley. Lehigh Valley Hospital (LVH) is the central facility of LVHN.
LVI Lymphovascular invasion means involvement of the lymphatic and/or circulatory system (as for example with cancer).
LY Lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.
lymphedema Swelling of feet, hands, limbs, or other localized areas of the body due to damage to the lymph system.
lymphocyte Lymphocytes are specific types of white blood cells (leukocytes) found in the lymphatic system. They include T cells, B cells, and natural killer cells.
Lymphoma lymphoma Lymphoma is a cancer of a part of the immune system called the lymph system. There are many types of lymphoma. One type is Hodgkin disease. The rest are classified as non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
lysis Lysis: a cell wall or membrane breaks and the cell disintegrates, releasing dead material into the blood stream. An overload will disrupt blood chemistry and can even lead to death.
lytic Lytic A lytic bone lesion is an area in which the bone appears to have been dissolved or eaten away, leaving a clear area. (The opposite is a blastic bone lesion which adds abnormal bone tissue.)
M and M M&M, M-and-M Morbidity and mortality is a recurring meeting or conference where medical professionals review and discuss mistakes.
M D M.D. Medical Doctor, Physician
M-Spike M-spike, m-spike, Mspike, mspike Myeloma cells characteristically produce and release into either the blood or urine monoclonal proteins. Monoclonal proteins are referred to as either, M-protein, para protein or M-spike.
MA 1) Medical assistant. 2) Massachusetts, an eastern seaboard state in the United States.
mAB mab, MAB, Mab, -mab mAb is an abbreviation for monoclonal antibody. It creates large amounts of some particular antibody produced normally in the human body in lesser amounts.
MAC mac 1) Microbacterium avium complex (aka MAI, microbacterium avium-intracellulare infection) causes varied symptoms and requires a lengthy course of combined antibiotics. 2) Informal abbrev. for macular degeneration.
MACAG Metro Atlanta Carcinoid Awareness Group.
macrocytosis Macrocytosis is the enlargement of red blood cells with near-constant hemoglobin concentration
MAI Mai, mai 1) Microbacterium avium-intracellulare infection (aka MAC, microbacterium avium complex) causes varied symptoms and requires a lengthy course of combined antibiotics. 2) MAI chemotherapy combines Mesna, Adriamycin, and Ifosfamide.
MAID MAID is an anti-cancer treatment most often associated with treatment of Sarcoma using the following drugs: Mesna (Mesnex), Doxorubicin (Adriamycin ®, Rubex), Ifosfamide (Ifex®) and Dacarbazine (DTIC-Dome®, DTIC).
Maintenance chemotherapy Chemotherapy given in lower doses to assist in prolonging a remission. Maintenance chemotherapy is used only for certain types of cancer, most commonly acute lymphocytic leukemias and acute promyelocytic leukemias.
Malacia malacia 1) A softening or loss of consistency and contiguity in any of the organs or tissues. 2) A craving for highly spiced or acidic foods, oftentimes seen in pregnancy.
Malignancy Malignant The term "malignancy" refers to cancerous cells that have the ability to spread to other sites in the body (metastasize) or to invade and destroy tissues. Malignant cells tend to have fast, uncontrolled growth due to changes in their genetic makeup.
MALS Median Arcuate ligament syndrome (Celiac artery compression syndrome) is a rare vascular disease with chronic, recurrent abdominal pain related to compression of the celiac artery by the median arcuate ligament.
MALT MALToma MALT lymphoma (MALToma) involves the body's mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue.
mantle In radiation therapy the mantle field includes the lymph nodes of the neck, chest, and underarms, sometimes including the upper abdomen. Used for Hodgkin's lymphoma.
MAOI Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) were the first type of antidepressant developed. Antidepressants such as MAOIs ease depression by changing the levels of one or more of these naturally occurring brain chemicals.
MAP 1) A treatment for osteosarcoma combining high-dose methotrexate, Adriamycin (doxorubicin), and cisplatin. 2) Mycobacterium avium, subspecies paratuberculosis, is a possible cause of Crohn's disease.
Marfan Marfan syndrome is an inherited disorder that affects connective tissue — the fibers that support and anchor your organs and other structures in your body. Marfan syndrome most commonly affects the heart, eyes, blood vessels and skeleton.
MASC masc Mammary analog secretory carcinoma, a rare head-and-neck cancer.
Masking A clinical trial design strategy in which one or more parties involved with the trial, such as the investigator or participant, do not know which participants have been assigned which interventions.
mass Mass, masses, Masses A nonspecific term for an area of abnormal tissue that looks like a growth on an imaging study.
mastocytosis A rare mast cell activation disorder caused by too many mast cells. Many cases are limited to the skin (cutaneous), but systemic cases can involve bone marrow and/or internal organs.
MAT Muscle activation technique is a training technique to help muscles respond efficiently and reduce pain.
Mayo MAYO Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit medical practice/medical research group based in Minnesota, USA with campuses in Minnesota, Arizona and Florida. In addition, the Mayo Clinic owns and operates the Mayo Clinic Health System, which consists of more than 70 hospitals and clinics as well as several colleges of medicine.
Mayo-Methodist Mayo Methodist A clinical collaboration enabling Methodist Hospital personnel in Dallas, Texas, to confer with experts at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota.
mBC MBC Metastatic breast cancer.
MBDS Metabolic bone disease specialist.
MBF Myocardial Blood Flow. Myocardial means relating to the muscular tissue of the heart.
MBP Mbp, mbp Mechanical bowel prep means completely cleaning out the large intestine with laxative or enemas before a procedure like surgery or colonoscopy.
MBSR Mindfulness-based stress reduction is a technique taught by many mental health counselors.
MC 1) Medicare. 2) Miscarriage.
MCAD MCAS Mast cell activation disorder (or syndrome) is an immunological problem. Mast cells are normal in number but hyper-responsive, releasing unnecessarily high amounts of chemical mediators.
MCC Mcc, mcc Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare type of skin cancer.
MCI Mci, mci Mild cognitive impairment.
MCL Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) belongs to a group of diseases known as non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, which are related malignancies (cancers) that affect the lymphatic system (lymphomas).
mCR MCR, mcr Molecular complete response in multiple myeloma.
MCS Multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) is a chronic medical condition characterized by symptoms that the affected person attributes to low-level chemical exposure. NOTE: MCS is not recognized as an organic, chemical-caused illness by the American Medical Association.
MCT MCFA, MCTs, Mct, mct Medium chain triglycerides (also called medium chain fatty acids) are found naturally in coconut oil and are now available as MCT oil.
MCTD Mixed connective tissue disease occurs when overlapping symptoms of connective tissue diseases prevents more specific diagnosis.
MCV Mcv, mcv The mean corpuscular volume (or mean cell volume) is part of a complete blood count. It measures the average side of a red blood cell (corpuscle).
MCW Medical College of Wisconsin.
MD M.D. 1) Macular degeneration is a progressive loss of vision due to deterioration in the central part of the retina. There are two types of MD, wet and dry. 2) Medical doctor. 3) Melphalan with dexamethasone. 4) Maryland, a state on the eastern seaboard of the USA.
MDA MD Anderson, M.D. Anderson, MDACC M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, a hospital and cancer treatment center associated with University of Texas in Houston, Texas.
MDE mde, MDEs, Mde An MDE is a myeloma-defining event, something that provides a definite diagnosis of multiple myeloma.
MDex mdex, Mdex Melphalan with dexamethasone is often given as treatment for amyloidosis.
mDNA mtDNA Mitochondrial DNA is not in the nucleus of the cell but in organelles of the cell called mitochondria. Mitochondrial DNA participates in the body's metabolism of energy.
MDR Multi-drug resistant (or resistance).
MDR-TB MDRTB Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis resists standard treatment and requires expensive drugs over a long time.
MDS mds, myelodysplasia 1) Myelodysplastic syndrome, a disorder of blood cell formation that can progress into leukemia. 2) Motion disorder specialist.
MDSC mdsc, Mdsc, mdscs, MDSCs, mdsc's, MDSC's Myeloid-derived suppressor cells include a range of cells found in the blood, bone marrow, and lymphoid system that suppress immune response.
MDT A multidisciplinary team (MDT) is a group of doctors and other health professionals with expertise in a specific cancer, who together discuss and manage an individual patient’s care.
ME MEs, Me 1) Myalgic encephalomyelitis is chronic fatigue involving muscle aches and inflammation of the nerves and/or brain. 2) Medical examiner.
Mean survival The average length of time from either the date of diagnosis or the start of treatment for a disease, such as cancer, that patients diagnosed with the disease are still alive.
MedDRA MEDDRA, MeDDRA Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities.
Median survival median The length of time (from either the date of diagnosis or the start of treatment for a disease such as cancer) that half the patients in a particular group are still alive.
mediastinal Mediastinum The mediastinum is the cavity that separates the lungs from the rest of the chest. It contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, thymus, and aorta.
Medical Marijuana mmj, MMJ medical marijuana
Medrol medrol Methylprednisolone is a synthetic glucocorticoid or corticosteroid drug. Marketed in the USA/Canada as Medrol and Solu-Medrol. Common uses include arthritis therapy and short-term treatment of bronchial inflammation or acute bronchitis and long-term management of autoimmune diseases.
MedX medX, medx Medicine X is a non-profit, academic conference held each September on the Stanford University campus. They offer partial and full scholarship toward attendance to the conference.
MEK Inhibitor MEK A MEK inhibitor is a chemical or drug that inhibits the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase enzymes MEK1 and/or MEK2.
MEN MEN1, MEN2, MEN-1, MEN-2 Multiple endocrine neoplasms (MEN) has several subtypes with benign or malignant tumors in the endocrine system, possibly other tumors, and other characteristic problems.
mesalamine mesalazine, 5-ASA An anti-inflammatory drug used to treat inflammatory bowel disease. It is also called 5-ASA or mesalazine.
MET c-MET, cMET, C-met, c-Met, cMet, C-Met A molecular receptor that is overactive in many cancers, promoting tumor growth.
met mets, Mets, Met Met is short for metastasis; and mets mean metastases, plural. When tumor cells metastasize, the new tumor is called a secondary or metastatic tumor; its cells are similar to those in the original tumor. Met can also be short for metastatic or metastasized.
metabolic Metabolism is the process your body uses to get or make energy from the food you eat
metastasis metastases, metastasize, metastasise, metastatic When cancer cells metastasize, they have spread to a different location and are growing there. The new tumor is called a secondary or metastatic tumor; its cells are similar to those in the original tumor.
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA, mrsa, Mrsa, methicillin resistant Staphlyococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus MRSA is a bacterium responsible for several difficult-to-treat infections in humans. These infections do not respond well to standard types of antibiotics and thus are more dangerous.
metronomic Metronomic dosing aims to increase effectiveness and reduce toxicity of chemotherapy by delivering repeated low doses of the drug at regularly timed intervals without requiring a break in treatment to recover from side effects.
MFA Mfa, mfa, mFA Medical financial assistance program.
MFP MyFitnessPal is a smartphone app that helps keep track of diet and exercise.
MG mg 1) Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease characterized by varying degrees of weakness of the skeletal (voluntary) muscles of the body. 2) Milligram, abbreviated mg, is a unit of measure equaling 1/1000 of a gram. 3) The element magnesium is abbreviated Mg.
Mg 1) Magnesium. 2) Megagram: one million grams, a tonne, a metric ton.
MGD Mgd, mgd, meibomian, meibomian gland dysfunction Meibomian gland dysfunction prevents them from secreting enough oil into tears. Without meibum the tears evaporate quickly, causing dry eyes.
MGH Massachusetts General Hospital aka Mass General, Boston, MA is primarily the teaching hospital of Harvard Medical School and a biomedical research facility.
MGUS Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS): The blood contains an abnormally high level of any single one of the immunoglobulins produced by white blood cells, but there are no tumors or other symptoms of disease.
MHI Mhi, mhi Mental health issues.
MHP MHPs Mental health provider.
MHRA The Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) is a government agency in the United Kingdom.
MI 1) Myocardial infarction, commonly called a heart attack. 2) Meconium ileus, obstruction of a newborn's intestine by sticky meconium (the first bowel movement). This can be a clue that the baby has cystic fibrosis. 3) Michigan, a US state in the northern midwest.
MIA Minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, a classification of lung cancer.
MIB-1 A lab test of cellular mitotic activity rate (how quickly cancer cells are dividing to form new cells).
MIBG MIGB, I-123 An MIBG scan helps diagnose certain types of tumors. This nuclear scan uses the contrast agent MIBG (Iodine 123 linked with meta-iodobenzylguanidine).
MIBI mibi, Mibi, MIBIs, MIBI's, mibis, mibi's, Mibi's, Mibis, sestamibi, Sestamibi A MIBI scan uses a contrast agent that settles in certain types of tissue, showing which tissue may be damaged, cancerous, or not receiving the proper blood supply.
MIC-KEY mickey, MICKEY MIC-KEY is a brand name for a low-profile gastrostomy feeding kit. Instead of a tube sticking out of the stomach, there is a low-profile button to which the feeding tube is attached.
micellar water Micellar water is soft water full of suspended micelles (tiny balls of cleansing oil molecules) for skin cleansing without soap.
MIDD Monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disorders include light chain and heavy chain deposition disease.
MIE Minimally invasive esophagectomy is surgery to remove part or all of the esophagus.
MIL MILs, Mil, mil 1) Marrow-infiltrating lymphocytes. 2) Mother-in-law. Your spouse's mother.
MILO The MILO study is examining the effectiveness of MEK Inhibitor in Low-grade Serous Ovarian Cancer.
mini-allo mini-allogeneic In a mini-allogeneic stem cell transplant, chemo is given to subdue but not wipe out the immune system, and then donor stem cells are injected. In multiple myeloma clinical trials, a mini-allo might be done several months after an autologous stem cell transplant.
miR MIR, miRNA, micro-RNA, microRNA miR or microRNA is a cellular fragment of RNA. Each type prevents the production of a specific protein by destroying the messengerRNA that produces it.
MIRT The UAMS (University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences) Myeloma Institute for Research and Therapy is located in Little Rock, Arkansas, USA.
MITF The MITF gene provides instructions for making a protein called microphthalmia-associated transcription factor. This protein plays a role in the development, survival, and function of certain types of cells. Mutations in the MITF gene have been identified in some people with Waardenburg syndrome.
mitosis mitotic, mitoses, mitotic rate Mitosis is the process in which a cell divides into two identical cells. Mitotic rate is how fast or often mitosis happens.
MLC 1) Multilocular Cystic RCC (MLC-RCC) is a separate, infrequent RCC subtype with cystic tumors in multiple locations in the kidney. 2) A multi-leaf collimator shapes radiation to conform to a tumor.
MLH Main Line Health, a community-based not-for-profit health system in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
MM Mm, mM, mm 1) Multiple myeloma is a blood cancer. 2) Malignant mesothelioma is a cancer of the mesothelium, the protective lining that covers internal organs. 3) Millimeters (1in = 25.4mm).
MMMT mmmt, Mmmt, carcinosarcoma, Müllerian, Mullerian Malignant Mullerian mixed tumor or malignant mesodermal mixed tumor, also called carcinosarcoma.
MMO MMORPG Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Game(s) are computer games in which a large number of players interact with one another in a virtual world.
MMR 1) Mismatch repair deficiency, a problem with DNA repair. 2) Major molecular response is a measure of improvement in chronic myelogenous leukemia.
MMRCS mismatch repair cancer syndrome, Turcot syndrome Mismatch repair cancer syndrome refers to neoplasms arising from biallelic DNA mismatch repair mutations.
MMRF The Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation (MMRF) is a charitable organization dedicated to multiple myeloma. The MMRF runs as if it were a for-profit business, expecting high returns from the money the organization raises from donors in the areas of research and increasing public awareness.
MMTSD Medical mid-traumatic stress disorder comes in the midst of ongoing fear, pain, and uncertainty from medical problems or treatment. Symptoms: Unpleasant flashbacks, prolonged fight-or-flight hormonal response (hyperarousal), avoiding or suppressing related thoughts and memories, and often avoiding treatment or care.
MND Motor neuron disease is a group of related diseases in which motor neurons (which control voluntary motion) deteriorate within the nervous system.
MO M.O. 1) Multiple osteochonromas. 2) Modus operandi (plural modi operandi) is a Latin phrase, approximately translated as "method of operation". 3) Missouri. A State in the USA.
MOA A drug's mechanism of action(s) is the biochemical interaction(s) that occur when the drug produces its effect in the patient.
MOAB Monoclonal antibody.
modafinil Provigil Modafinil is a drug to help people stay awake. Its brand name is Provigil.
Moffitt Cancer Center Moffitt, Moffet, Moffett, Moffit, Mofit, Mofitt, MCCRI, Moffat, Moffatt H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute in Tampa, Florida, USA.
MOG mog, Mog, MOG-Ab Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein is an auto-antibody present in some demyelinating diseases and may eventually be used to help differentiate among them.
MOHS mohs, Mohs Mohs surgery is accepted as the most effective technique for removing basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Mohs surgery treats skin cancer through a highly specialized and precise technique that removes the cancer in stages, one tissue layer at a time.
MOLST Medical Orders for Life Sustaining Treatment - A health care professional must complete or change the MOLST form, based on the patient’s current medical condition, values, wishes and MOLST instructions. It may include a DNR Order: Do Not Attempt Resuscitation (Allow Natural Death)
MOM MoM Milk of magnesia.
Monash MMC Monash Medical Centre is a multicampus teaching hospital in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
mono 1) Mononucleosis, a viral infection. 2) Monotherapy: treatment with one drug instead of a combination of drugs.
monotherapy Treatment with a single drug (as opposed to a combination of drugs).
MOOC A Massive Open Online Course is education offered via the internet to anyone who wants to log onto the website and sign up for the course.
MOPP-ABV A hybrid chemotherapy used to treat Hodgkin's lymphoma by combining Mechlorethamine, Oncovin (vincristine), Procarbazine, Prednisone, Adriamycin (doxorubicin), Bleomycin, and Vinblastine.
mOS MOS Median overall survival.
MpBC Metaplastic breast cancer is a cancer that begins in one type of cell (such as those from the glands of the breast) and changes into another type of cell. It is different from the typical ductal or lobular breast cancer.
MPN MPD, myeloproliferative, Mpn, mpn, Mpd, mpd Myeloproliferative neoplasm (aka myeloproliferative disorder or MPD) includes blood cancers and similar conditions in which the bone marrow makes too many red blood cells, platelets, or certain white blood cells.
MPNST mpnst A malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (also known as malignant schwannoma, neurofibrosarcoma, or neurosarcoma) is a form of cancer of the connective tissue surrounding nerves.
MPOA Medical power of attorney.
MPV mpv Melphalan, prednisone, and Velcade (bortezomib) Is a drug combination used to treat multiple myeloma.
MRA A magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA) is a type of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan that uses a magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy to provide pictures of blood vessels inside the body.
mRCC MRCC Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma. The metastatic stage of the renal cell carcinoma occurs when the disease invades and spreads to other organs.
MRCP MCRP 1) MRCP (magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography) is a specialized MRI for a detailed view of the liver, gall bladder, bile duct, pancreas, and pancreatic duct.. 2) Member of the Royal College of Physicians (England).
MRD Mrd, mrd Minimal residual disease (MRD) means zero or only a very small number of cancer cells remain in the patient. There are no symptoms or signs of disease.
MRE Magnetic Resonance Enterography (MRE) is an advanced, accurate and noninvasive diagnostic imaging test to assess and evaluate certain gastrointestinal disorders.
MRFUS Magnetic Resonance guided Focused Ultrasound Surgery combines a high intensity focused ultrasound beam that heats/destroys targeted tissue, non-invasively and an MRI which visualizes and controls the treatment by continuously monitoring the tissue effect.
MRI MRIs, mri, NMRI, NMR, RMN, RM, Mri, MR Magnetic resonance imaging uses a magnetic field and pulses of radio wave energy to make pictures of organs and structures inside the body.
mRNA Messenger RNA (ribonucleic acid) carries the cell's genetic code from the nucleus of the cell to ribosomes in the cell cytoplasm. mRNA directs the ribosomes in manufacturing of proteins.
MRONJ BRONJ, BIONJ, MIONJ Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw is the relatively rare condition of dead bone in the jaw after treatment with antiresorptive bone agents or antiangiogenic cancer therapies.
MRT 1) Magnetic resonance tomography. 2) A mediator release test looks for food sensitivities that cause inflammatory reactions.
MS ms 1) Morphine sulfate. 2) Multiple sclerosis, a progressive inflammatory disease which disrupts nerve function by destroying the insulating myelin around them. 3) Mass spectrometry analyzes the substances in a large mass of material. 4) Master of science, a graduate degree. 5) Middle school.
MSA Msa, msa, Shy-Drager syndrome, Shy Drager syndrome, SDS, OPCA, olivopontocerebellar atrophy Multiple system atrophy (aka Shy-Drager syndrome or sporadic olivopontocerebellar atrophy) is a neurological degenerative condition often misdiagnosed as Parkinson's disease.
MSI Microsatellite instability (MSI) is genetic hypermutability (mutations happening quickly and often) resulting from impaired DNA Mismatch Repair (MMR). MSI is the visible (phenotypic) evidence that MMR is not functioning normally.
MSKCC mskcc, MSK, SKCC, Sloan-Kettering, Sloan, Sloane, Memorial Sloan-Kettering, Memorial Sloan Kettering Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center. A cancer treatment center in New York City.
MSLT A multiple sleep latency test is a daytime sleep test for further analysis after overnight polysomnography.
mSMART The Mayo Stratification for Myeloma and Risk-Adapted Therapy (mSMART) algorithm classifies patients into either standard or high-risk categories based on the results of 3 assays: the plasma cell proliferation result, conventional chromosome analysis, and FISH for specific multiple myeloma-associated abnormalities.
MSS Microsatellite stable describes colon cancer in which there is no defect in DNA repair genes.
MSW MSWs Master (master's degree) of social work.
MTC mtc, Mtc Medullary thyroid cancer is a rare type of thyroid cancer that begins in the parafollicular cells. It can be familial or sporadic and can be part of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2).
MTD Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) – Highest dosage of a drug, drug combination or other treatment modality that patients can safely tolerate.
MTHFR Mutation in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) reduces the ability to methylate - a conversion process the body uses to make cells, produce energy, handle toxins, create and use molecular messengers (neurotransmitters), and more.
mTOR m-TOR, mTORs, m-TORs, mTorr, mTorrs, mTOR's, m-TOR's Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a protein kinase that regulates cell growth, cell proliferation, cell motility, cell survival, protein synthesis, and transcription.
MTSC Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSC) of the kidney is a recently recognized entity of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). It was previously classified in the category “renal cell carcinoma, unclassified”. This tumor is considered to be a low-grade carcinoma having a favorable prognosis in most cases.
MTX Mtx, mtx Methotrexate is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, and some cancers.
mUC MUC Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma (mUC). Urothelial carcinoma (formerly known as transitional cell carcinoma) is a cancer involving parts of the kidney, bladder and ureter (the tube that connects the kidney to the bladder). Metastatic means it has spread.
Mucinous "Mucinous" means that something has a lot of mucus or mucin, a glycoprotein that is part of mucus.
mucopexy Mucopexy is a "lift procedure" to repair hemorrhoidal prolapse. It is usually done after some type of arterial ligation to repair the hemorrhoids themselves.
mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue MALT, Malt MALT lymphoma is a distinct form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that involves mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue rather than lymph nodes.
mud MUD, Mud Matched unrelated donor, used to describe some allogeneic stem-cell transplants.
MUGA A MUGA (Multi-Gated Acquisition) test, scan or study is ordered to evaluate the function of the heart. Specifically, how the muscle wall contracts and how well the heart pumps blood out to the body.
MUH The Macquarie University Hospital is a private non-profit teaching hospital located in Macquarie Park, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
multicentric Castlemans disease mcd, MCD MCD is a type of Castleman's disease affecting more than one group of lymph nodes, sometimes along with other organs that contain lymphoid tissue.
multifocal Multifocal tumors are multiple tumors from the same source and in the same organ, as in the kidney or breast.
multivisceral MVT, mvt, Mvt, MVOT A multivisceral organ transplant includes the small intestine and one or more abdominal organs including stomach, liver, or pancreas.
MUM Metastatic Uveal Melanoma. Uveal melanoma is a rare disease, but the most common primary ocular malignancy. The uveal tract consists of three main parts: (1) the choroid (2) the ciliary muscle and (3) the iris.
MUSC Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston, SC.
MuSK musk, Musk Muscle-specific kinase protein is necessary for the nervous system to interact with the muscular system (neuromuscular junction). In MuSK myasthenia gravis, autoantibodies inhibit the signaling ability of the MuSK protein.
mutation A change in genes that might be harmless or might strongly influence health or other factors.
MUTYH MUTYH is the gene involved in MAP or MUTYH-associated polyposis, in which a person develops multiple precancerous polyps in the colon and rectum.
MVD mvd, Mvd 1) Macro-vascular disease. 2) Mitral valve disease.
MVH Miami Valley Hospital in Dayton, Ohio.
MW 1) Midwife. 2) Midwest.
MWA Microwave ablation: A minimally invasive substitute for surgery. A thin microwave antenna is positioned within the tissue to be destroyed. Microwaves are then transmitted to the antenna, killing the tissue in place.
MWT A maintenance of wakefulness test is a daytime sleep-lab test to see if a person can stay awake during daytime.
Mx A mastectomy (Mx) is surgery to remove a breast or part of a breast.
Myc Myc, c-Myc Myc (c-Myc) is a regulator gene that codes for a transcription factor.
myelitis Myelitis is the infection or inflammation of part of the central nervous system (spinal cord, optic nerve, and/or brain).
myelofibrosis MF, mf, Mf, primary myelofibrosis MF is a blood cancer in which scar tissue forms in the bone marrow, producing a larger number of mature blood cells than normal.
myelogram myelography Diagnostic imaging that uses an injected contrast dye and Xray or CAT scan to look for problems in the spinal canal, spinal cord, nerve roots, and related tissues.
myeloma Multiple myeloma is a blood cancer.
myoclonus MEM, Mem, mem Middle-ear myoclonus is a rare form of tinnitus (head noise) that can actually be heard by someone other than the patient.
myoepithelioma Malignant myoepithelioma is a relatively rare malignant tumor occurring most frequently in the salivary glands. A few isolated cases have been described in other locations, including soft tissue, bone, lung, bronchus, oral cavity, nasopharynx, larynx, and maxillary sinus.
myositis Inflammation and degeneration of muscles.
N-telopeptides test NTX, ntx, Ntx, NTXPR, NTx, N-telopeptide, n-telopeptide, N-telopeptides, n-telopeptides A 24-hour urine test for NTX checks on bone resorption (the turnover of bone from old cells to new cells).
Na Chemical symbol for sodium.
Nabi nabi, nabis, Nabis Nabi is a full-featured Android tablet made especially for kids.
NACFC North American Cystic Fibrosis Conference (NACFC) is the annual conference of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation.
NAFLD Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease involves fat infiltration of the liver tissue, not involving overconsumption of alcohol.
NAMI National Alliance on Mental Illness. (USA.)
NandV N&V Abbreviation for Nausea and Vomiting.
NanoKnife NanoKnife™ is a minimally invasive cancer treatment which implements technology known as irreversible electroporation to precisely target and kill hard-to-reach tumors at the cellular level. NanoKnife technology is especially effective on small tumors, typically less than five centimeters.
narcolepsy Narcolepsy is a neurological sleep disorder in which irresistible sleep disrupts normal activities.
NASH Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is non-alcohol-related fatty liver disease. NASH causes liver inflammation. It is often symptom-free but causes liver damage. Fatty liver is similar minus the inflammation and damage.
Naturopath 1) Doctor of Naturopathy 2) Naturopathy, or naturopathic medicine, is a form of alternative medicine that favors a holistic approach with non-invasive treatment and generally avoids the use of surgery and drugs. In most countries, there is no formal training or education to be a Naturopath" and no licensing or governing board.
NBIA Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation. A number of disorders can cause this.
NBS nbs, Nbs Newborn Screening is a test for cystic fibrosis that takes a few drops of blood from a newborn baby's heel. This testing is done in all 50 of the United States.
NCCN 1) The National Comprehensive Cancer Network publishes treatment guidelines for many cancers. 2) NorCal CarciNET support group.
NCCRCC nccRCC Non-clear cell renal carcinoma. A type of kidney cancer.
NCI National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD
NCI POB National Cancer Institute Pediatric Oncology Branch
nCR Near complete response, a measure of treatment success in multiple myeloma.
NDMM Newly diagnosed multiple myeloma.
NDT Natural dessicated thyroid drug; thyroid hormones from natural sources.
NE Ne, ne 1) Neuroendocrine. 2) Neutrophil granulocytes.3) Norepinephrine. 4) Northeast.
NEAD No evidence of active disease.
Neb NEB, neb, inhaler, inhalers, nebulizer, MDI Nebulizers are electric- or battery-powered machines that turn liquid medicine into a fine mist that's inhaled into the lungs. Inhalers are portable, handheld devices that are available in two types: Metered dose inhalers (MDI) are like mini-aerosol cans and Dry powder inhalers which deliver medicine in powder form, but they don't spray.
NEC nec, Nec Neuroendocrine carcinoma or cancer. The more common abbreviation is NET for neuroendocrine tumor(s).
NED ned, NEVD, nevd, neds, Ned, NEDS No evidence of disease. Hooray! NEVD is no evidence of visible disease (a more accurate term).
NEMS EMS Neuroelectrical muscle stimulation (electrical muscle stimulation) causes muscles to tense for a set period of time. Stronger signal and wider pulse than TENS units.
neoadjuvant neo-adjuvant Neoadjuvant therapy is cancer drug treatment given before the main treatment (which is usually surgery) to attempt to stabilize or shrink the tumor(s) that will be removed.
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy Chemotherapy given prior to the surgical procedure. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy may be given to attempt to shrink the cancer so that the surgical procedure may not need to be as extensive.
neoplasm New and abnormal growth of tissue; a benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) tumor.
nephelometry In immunology, a test method of determining the level of different classes of immunoglobulins and free light chains for multiple myeloma.
nephrectomy Nephrectomy, neph, nep, Nep Surgical removal of a kidney.
nephropathy damage to or disease of a kidney
NERD No evidence of recurrent/residual disease. Often used interchangeably with NED (No Evidence of Disease).
nerve conduction study Nerve conduction study, nerve conduction studies, Nerve conduction studies, NCS, ncs, N.C.S., n.c.s. A nerve conduction study measures whether nerves are conducting electrical signals normally.
NES Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation is a procedure in which small electric impulses are used to stimulate muscles that are weak or paralyzed. It helps to increase muscle strength, blood circulation, and range of motion and to lessen muscle spasms.
NET Net, net NET stands for neuroendocrine tumor(s).
neuro-immune disorder neuroimmune Neuro-immune disorders occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks the spinal cord, optic nerve, and/or brain. This covers a wide variety of neurological disorders.
neuropathy disease or dysfunction of one or more peripheral nerves, typically causing numbness or weakness
neutropenia neutropenic Neutropenia is a low neutrophil count. It causes reduced immunity that requires special precautions to avoid infection.
NF Neurofibromatosis is a genetic disorder. Type one causes darker spots on the skin, cancerous and non-cancerous tumors on nerves, and other cancers. Type two causes non-cancerous tumors on the auditory nerve and other nerves.
NFT No further treatment.
ng NG Nasogastric, for example a nasogastric feeding tube or drainage tube.
NG-tube A nasogastric feeding tube or NG-tube is passed through the nares (nostril), down the esophagus and into the stomach. This type of feeding tube is generally used for short term feeding, usually less than a month.
NGF ngf, Ngf Next-generation flow cytometry is improved flow cytometry used for cell counts in multiple myeloma. Fluorescently-labeled blood cells glow in response to stimulation from one or more lasers as they flow past.
NGO Non-governmental organization, such as a private charity or non-profit group.
NGS ngs Next-generation sequencing (NGS) quickly and efficiently determines the order of genes in fragments of DNA by simultaneously examining millions of pieces of DNA.
NGT ngt, Ngt A nasogastric tube is piece of thin, flexible plastic tubing inserted in the nose to go down the throat and into the stomach.
NH 1) Nursing home. 2) New Hampshire, a state in the northeastern US.
NHL 1) Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, also called non-Hodgkin lymphoma, is cancer that originates in your lymphatic system, the disease-fighting network spread throughout your body. 2) National Hockey League :-)
NHS National Health Service (NHS), launched in 1948, is the world’s largest publicly funded health service. It remains free at the point of use for anyone who is a resident in the United Kingdom.
NIA The National Institute on Aging is one of the 27 Institutes and Centers of NIH, it leads a broad scientific effort to understand the nature of aging and to extend the healthy, active years of life. NIA is the primary Federal agency supporting and conducting Alzheimer's disease research.
NICE The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is an independent organisation which decides which drugs and treatments are available on the NHS in England and Wales. Scotland and Northern Ireland have separate organisations to make decisions. Among its duties, NICE provides guidelines on using new and existing medicines plus guidance on appropriate treatment, procedures, and care of specific diseases and conditions.
NICU nicu A neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is an intensive care unit specializing in the care of ill or premature newborn infants.
NIFTP NIFTP is noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features.
NIH National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD. A federal agency in the U.S. that conducts biomedical research in its own laboratories; supports the research of non-Federal scientists in universities, medical schools, hospitals, and research institutions throughout the country and abroad.
NILMDTS NILMDTS (Now I Lay Me Down To Sleep) is an organization providing free professional remembrance photography to parents who have lost a baby.
NIMH National Institute of Mental Health (US).
NIMHD National Institute of Minority Health Disparities (US).
NIP Non-infectious pneumonitis is lung inflammation that is not caused by an infectious agent. Symptoms are often mistaken for an infectious disease.
NIS Neurological impairment score reveals nerve damage.
Nissen Nissan Nissen fundoplication is a surgical procedure to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and hiatal hernia. Sometimes misspelled "Nissan".
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Niv NIV, niv Nivolumab is an experimental PD-1 drug, an immune checkpoint blockade drug with widespread effectiveness among different types of cancer.
NK Natural killer cells (also known as NK cells, K cells, and killer cells) are a type of lymphocyte (a white blood cell) and a component of innate immune system.
NL Newfoundland and Labrador is a province of Canada.
NLP Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP)
NLPHL Nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma.
NLR 1) In a differential blood count, the ratio between neutrophils and lymphocytes. 2) In statistics, non-linear regression.
NMES Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) causes muscle contractions for a set period of time using a wider and stronger pulse than transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS).
NMIBC Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer.
NMO-IgG NMO-IgG is the test for the anti-aquaporin-4 antibody. Its presence confirms neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder. Its absence does not rule out NMOSD.
NMOSD NMO, nmo, Devic's, neuromyelitis optica Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a demyelinating disease with recurrent attacks. Nerves become inflamed and lose their protective myelin sheath, affecting the eyes and causing a variety of physical problems. Misdiagnosis is common.
NNH NNHs The "number needed to harm" is the statistical number of patients who receive a treatment or test in order for one patient to be harmed. A higher number is a better NNH.
NNT NNTs The "number needed to treat" is the statistical number of patients who receive a treatment or test in order to help one patient in the group. Lower NNTs are better.
NO Nitric oxide (NO) is a gas that's naturally produced in the body; it's used to communicate between cells. It is a critical compound for maintaining blood pressure.
NOCC National Ovarian Cancer Coalition (NOCC) is a national advocate for patients and families struggling with ovarian cancer.
Node Nodes "Node(s) usually refers to the Lymph nodes which are part of the lymph system, which carries lymph fluid, nutrients, and waste material between the body tissues and the bloodstream.
Nodule nodules, nodule Nodule has multiple definitions: 1) A small knotlike protuberance. 2) In Anatomy - A small mass of tissue or aggregation of cells. 3) In Botany - A small knoblike outgrowth, as those found on the roots of many leguminous plants.
NOLA New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Also a short form of NOLANETS, the New Orleans Louisiana Neuroendocrine Tumor Specialists team at Ochsner in Kenner, LA.
NOLA NETS NOLANETS, NOLA-NETS, NOLA NET, NOLANET, NOLA-NET New Orleans Neuroendocrine Tumor Specialists just outside NOLA in Kenner, Louisiana, USA.
non-invasive 1) A tumor that has not grown beyond its local area. 2) A procedure (such as a surgical alternative) that involves no cutting.
non-quant Not quantitative; not based on numbers, measures, or statistics.
non-secretory Non-secretory multiple myeloma does not secrete M proteins in blood or urine. In true non-secretory MM, free light chain tests also do not help. Diagnosis and tracking requires biopsy of a bone lesion or marrow.
noncaseating non-caseating A term applied to granulomas that do not contain necrotic (dead or dying) tissue.
NORD National Organization for Rare Disorders (USA).
nos Informal abbreviation for "numbers."
NOS Not Otherwise Specified - NOS is used as a broad-based diagnostic category when the diagnosing doctor believes that the patient's problems fall into a particular family of disorders (e.g., depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, etc.) but that there is not enough information at the time of diagnosis to better specify the type of disorder.
NOVA Northern Virginia, USA.
NP Np, np 1) Nurse Practitioner. A nurse who has additional education and training in how to diagnose and treat disease. 2) Peripheral neuropathy; a European abbreviation.
NPCQIC npcqic, Npcqic, NPC-QIC, npc-qic, Npc-qic National Pediatric Cardiology Quality Improvement Collaborative is a nationwide collaborative of more than 40 different hospitals who's focus is to improve the survival and quality of life of infants.
NPI npi An internet acronym meaning no pun intended.
NPO NPO 1) A Latin abbreviation for “nothing by mouth." 2) Non-profit organization.
NPT A neurologic physical therapist evaluates and helps people whose problems with the nervous system have decreased their mobility, strength, balance, and other physical abilities.
NRAS Neuroblastoma RAS (NRAS) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the NRAS gene.
NSAIDs NSAID, nsaid, nsaids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, usually abbreviated to NSAIDs are a class of drugs that provides analgesic (pain-killing) and antipyretic (fever-reducing) effects, and, in higher doses, anti-inflammatory effects. NSAIDs are one of two major types of over-the-counter pain relievers. The other is acetaminophen (Tylenol). Some examples of NSAIDs are: aspirin (Bayer, Bufferin, Excedrin), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB), and naproxen (Aleve).
NSCL Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC or NSCL) is any type of epithelial lung cancer other than small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC).
NSCLC Non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC or NSCL) is any type of epithelial lung cancer other than small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC).
NSN A nonsolid nodule in the lung. An NSN does not block imaging of the lung tissue beneath it; its only solid components are blood vessels.
NSS Nephron sparing surgery (NSS), also known as partial nephrectomy, is kidney surgery where only part of the kidney is removed.
NSW New South Wales, one of the states in Australia.
NT Possible abbreviation for nephrectomy.
NT-proBNP NTproBNP, NT-pro-BNP, NT PRO BNP, NT pro BNP, N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide A test for N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) helps detect, diagnose, and evaluate severity of heart failure.
NTM NTM is short for Nontuberculous Mycobacteria. NTM lung disease is a devastating chronic illness.
NTMSG North Texas Myeloma Support Group meets at Baylor in Dallas, TX.
nuchal "Nuchal cord" means the umbilical cord is wrapped around the baby's neck.
nutritionist The word "nutritionist" refers to a person who advises on matters of food and nutrition. However, in many US states, countries and jurisdictions, the title "nutritionist" is not subject to professional regulation. Thus any person in those geographic areas may call themselves a nutrition expert even if they are wholly self-taught. To some the words "nutritionist" and "dietitian" are used interchangeable.
NVED No Visible Evidence of Disease, also written as No Evidence of Disease (NED)
NY-ESO-1 NY-ESO, NYESO, NYESO-1 NY-ESO-1 is a gene normally found only in the testicles or placenta -- and abnormally in various tumors. It is also called the CT antigen (cancer/testis antigen). Researchers are looking for ways to increase NY-ESO-1 antibodies to fight tumors with the NY-ESO-1 antigen.
NYAS The New York Academy of Sciences is the third-oldest scientific society in the United States. An independent, non-profit organization with more than 25,000 members in 140 countries.
nystagmus Uncontrollable movement or jiggling of the eye back and forth.
OA Osteoarthritis, a common form of arthritis.
OAB Overactive bladder.
OAC Obesity Action Coalition.
OB-GYN OB/GYN, ob/gyn, ob, OB, ob-gyn, GYN, ob gyn, OB GYN, OBGYN Obstetrics and Gynecology. A branch of medicine that specializes in the care of women during pregnancy and childbirth and in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the female reproductive organs.
OC oc 1) Ovarian Cancer. 2) Orange County, California.
occult In medical usage, occult means not easy to discern by signs or symptoms; invisible; not noticeable. Example: occult blood in a stool sample.
OCD ocd Obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts that produce uneasiness, apprehension, fear, or worry; by repetitive behaviors aimed at reducing the associated anxiety; or by a combination of such obsessions and compulsions.
OCEANS The OCEANS trial for ovarian cancer established the OCEANS treatment protocol of bevacizumab, carboplatin, and gemcitabine.
Ochsner Kenner, NOLANETS, Oschner, Oshner The branch of Ochsner hospital system in Kenner, LA, in affiliation with LSU has the expert care team NOLANETS (New Orleans, LA, neuroendocrine tumor specialists).
OCNA The Ovarian Cancer National Alliance is an advocacy organization for women with ovarian cancer in the United States. The OCNA educates health care professionals and raises public awareness of the risks and symptoms of ovarian cancer.
OCRF Ovarian Cancer Research Fund.
OCT Optical Coherence Tomography. A procedure that uses infrared light waves to give three-dimensional (3-D) pictures of structures inside tissues and organs. The pictures are made by a computer linked to the light source.
octreoscan o-scan An octreotide scan is a type of imaging which can show some carcinoid tumors, neuroendocrine pancreatic tumors, and sarcoidosis which take in radioactively labeled octreotide, a drug similar to somatostatin.
ocular melanoma OM, O.M., o.m., OMer, OMers Ocular melanoma is melanoma in the eye's choroid, ciliary body, or iris. It is the most common primary cancer of the eye in adults. Conjunctival melanoma is an extremely rare form of ocular melanoma.
ODE Optic disc edema is swelling of the optic disc (where the optic nerve connects to the back of the eye) for any reason. Papilledema is a similar problem caused by increased intracranial pressure.
ODT odt, Odt Orally disintegrating tablets. (Less preferred term, orally dissolving tablets.)
ofc Ofc Informal abbreviation for office.
OFF A combination chemotherapy approved for pancreatic cancer. It contains oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and folinic acid (leucovorin).
off times Off, off's, Off's, off periods, "off", "Off" Off times or off periods occur when meds are not working well for a Parkinsons' patient. Mobility is decreased and other symptoms may increase.
off-label off label Off-label use of a drug is use for any purpose other than its officially approved labeling. In the USA, any medical doctor can prescribe any approved drug for any purpose as long as the physician thinks it will be beneficial. The hurdle is to get insurance to pay for it.
OGTT OGTT stands for oral glucose tolerance test.
OH 1) Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a drop in blood pressure that occurs when the person suddenly stands up. Also called postural hypotension. 2) Other Half, referring to one's partner in life.
OHIP OHI Ontario Health Insurance Plan.
OHRP Office for Human Research Protections. The office within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) that protects the rights, welfare, and well-being of people involved in clinical trials.
OHS 1) Open heart surgery. 2) Obesity hypoventilation syndrome, in which poor breathing due to overweight leads to lowered blood oxygen levels and higher carbon dioxide levels.
OHSU Oregon Health & Science University in Portland, Oregon.
OHV Off-highway vehicle.
OI Orthostatic intolerance: disorders in which standing up from a lying-down position drastically reduces blood return to the heart.
OJT On-the-job training; training by experience with watching and doing rather than formal classes.
oligoclonal bands o bands, o-bands, obands, OCBs, OCB Oligoclonal bands can be seen in blood serum or cerebrospinal fluid if there is an abnormal buildup of two or more types of immunoglobulin. This indicates inflammation in the central nervous system. (If there is only one band, it is a monoclonal spike or M spike.)
oligodendrocyte ogly, oglies, oglie Oligodendrocytes supply myelin (an insulating sheath) for all the nerves of the central nervous system so that nerve impulses can travel down the axons without "shorting out".
oligometastatic Having several metastases, but few enough that all can be removed or locally treated to create no visible evidence of disease, NVED.
omentum A fold of the peritoneum (the thin tissue that lines the abdomen) that surrounds the stomach and other organs in the abdomen.
OMF Ocular Melanoma Foundation. Ocular melanoma is the most common primary cancer of the eye in adults.
Ommaya Omaya Implanted under the scalp, an Ommaya reservoir is connected by a short catheter to the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inside one of the brain's ventricles. It is used for putting drugs into the CSF or taking samples of CSF.
OMRF Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation.
OMS Ocular Melanoma Support (OMS) is an online support group on FaceBook.
ON 1) Optic neuritis, inflammation of the nerves of the eye. 2) Osteonecrosis; death of bone tissue.
on-body Neulasta Onpro A single-dose injection system attached during a chemo session to deliver a Neulasta injection the next day without requiring a visit to the doctor. Neulasta stimulates production of white blood cells.
ONC onc, Onc Oncology or oncologist. An oncologist is a doctor who is qualified in diagnosing and treating cancer.
oncocytoma Oncocytoma is the most common benign solid renal tumor.
ONJ onj, Onj 1) Osteonecrosis of the jaw is an area of exposed dead bone in the jaw. 2) Olivia Newton John Wellness Centre offers cancer treatment in Melbourne, Australia.
OOB OBE, OOBE An out-of-body experience (OBE, OOB or sometimes OOBE) is an experience that typically involves a sensation of floating outside one's body and, in some cases, perceiving one's physical body from a place outside one's body.
OOP oop, Oop, o-o-p, O-O-P Out Of Pocket costs. Expenses a person has to pay after insurance or after other deductions.
OOPH Ooph Oophorectomy is the surgical removal of the ovaries.
OPA Oesophageal Patients Association (OPA) is a United Kingdom organisation providing information for patients, their carers and family members affected by oesophageal or gastric cancers.
opacity Opacity, opacities, Opacities An opacity is an area that looks darker or more solid than it should on an imaging study. It may indicate something is growing there. A ground-glass opacity (GGO) refers to an abnormally hazy area in the lung.
Open Label An open-label trial or open trial is a type of clinical trial in which both the researchers and participants know which treatment is being administered.
OPN opn Open partial nephrectomy. Open surgery is traditional surgery using an incision that opens the entire surgical area to view. (Contrast with laparoscopic surgery.)
OPSCC Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is a type of cancer in the mouth or the back of the mouth (pharynx).
OR ORs 1) Operating room; a surgical suite in a hospital or other medical facility. 2) Oregon, a state in northwest USA.
orchipexy An operation to bring an undescended testicle into the scrotum or to correct tortion (twisting) of a testicle.
ORR Overall Response Rate.
ORS Ors, ors Oral rehydration solution is a packet or homemade mixture containing sugar and electrolytes which is mixed with water to rehydrate people with diarrhea or after strenuous activity.
Orthostatic Orthostatic hypotension is a condition in which your blood pressure falls when you stand up quickly, leaving you feeling dizzy or lightheaded.
OS 1) Overall survival. 2) Oral surgeon. 3) Osteosarcoma
OSA osa, apnea Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea, with repeated stops of breathing during sleep due to blockage by relaxed muscles in the throat. A common symptom is snoring.
osteoplasty Bone repair by injection of fast-setting bone cement.
OSU Ohio State University James Cancer Hospital is a cancer and research hospital in Columbus, Ohio, USA.
OT Ot, ot, occupational therapy, OTs, OT's 1) Operating theater (operating room). 2) Occupational therapy helps to develop, recover, or maintain daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental or developmental condition.
OTC OTCs Over-The-Counter medication (nonprescription). Refers to a medicine that can be bought without a prescription (doctor's order). Examples include analgesics (pain relievers), such as aspirin and acetaminophen.
out-pt Out-patient, a patient who is treated but not admitted to a hospital (doesn't stay at the hospital).
OVCA ovca, OVC, ovc Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries.
overexpression overexpress Overexpression of a gene, a molecular receptor, or other genetic factor sometimes provides a target for treatment of specific cancers.
P-NET PNET P-NET is an acronym for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor.
PA pa, Pa 1) Physician Assistant. A health professional who is licensed to do certain medical procedures under the guidance of a doctor. 2) Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an infectious bacterium. 3) Physical activity. 4) Pulmonary artery. 5) Pennsylvania. 6) Princess Alexandra Hospital in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
PAA pre-approval access Pre-approval access (also called expanded access) gives permission to use a drug before it is approved by the FDA.
PAC Parents' Advisory Council.
PACE DR-PACE, VDR-PACE, VDT-PACE, DT-PACE Cisplatin (P for platin), Adriamycin, Cyclophosphamide, and Etoposide. Given for multiple myeloma in combination with VDT (Velcade, Dexamethasone, Thalidomide) or VDR (Velcade, Dexamethasone, Revlimid).
PACU PACU (Post- Anesthesia Care Unit) is a type of recovery room. It is a specialized care unit near the operating room where patients who have had surgery are cared for as they wake up from anesthesia.
PAD Pad, pad 1) PAD combines Bortezomib, Doxorubicin & Dexamethasone (PS-341, adriamycin, and dexamethasone) as a treatment for Multiple Myeloma. 2) Peripheral artery disease (PAD) or peripheral vascular disease (PVD) limits circulation in one or more limbs, often the legs.
PAF The Patient Advocate Foundation provides funding to patients who qualify for copays for expensive drugs.
PAH Princess Alexandra Hospital is in Brisbane in Queensland, Australia.
PAL Pregnancy After Loss of a child.
palliative 1) Palliative care relieves symptoms and side effects but does not deal with the root cause of the symptoms or side effects. 2) Cancer care to get rid of one or more tumor problems without curing the cancer overall.
palliative chemotherapy Palliative chemotherapy Palliative chemotherapy is given specifically to relieve cancer symptoms without expecting to significantly reduce the cancer.
palpable Perceivable by feeling or touch.
PALS 1) US: Pregnancy After Loss Support. 2) UK: Patient Advice and Liaison Service.
PAN PANF The Patient Access Network Foundation provides funding to patients who qualify for copays for expensive drugs.
pancoast tumor A tumor in the very top (highest) part of the lung.
pancreatic insufficiency pancreatic insufficient Exocrine pancreatic insufficiency means the pancreas does not create enzymes which must be replaced to digest food properly. A common problem in cystic fibrosis.
pancreatitis Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas causing abdominal tenderness, pain which can be extreme, nausea, and vomiting. The chronic form causes weight loss and smelly, oily stools due to bad digestion.
panobinostat Farydak, pano Panobinostat (Farydak) is an HDAC inhibitor approved by the FDA in 2015 to treat multiple myeloma.
Panomics panomics "Panomics" is a term used to refer to the range of molecular biology technologies including genomics, proteomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics, and so forth.
PAP PAPs 1) Patient Assistance Programs. 2) Positive airway pressure. In sleep apnea, the person's airway collapses during sleep and temporarily stops the person's breath. Positive airway pressure keeps the airway open.
papilledema Papilledema is swelling of the optic disc (where the optic nerve connects to the back of the eye) due to increased intracranial pressure. Optic disc edema is a similar problem with any other cause.
paraganglioma paragangliomas A subtype of neuroendocrine tumors. Only about 3 percent of paragangliomas are malignant (cancerous).
Parallel Assignment Parallel Design Describes a clinical trial in which two or more groups of participants receive different interventions.
paraproteinemia An abnormally high level of a single type of immoglobulin (such as IgG) in the blood. More commonly called monoclonal gammopathy. It shows up on a blood test as an "M spike."
parathyroid hormone PTH, pth, Pth A substance made by the parathyroid gland that helps the body store and use calcium. A higher-than-normal amount of parathyroid hormone causes high levels of calcium in the blood and may be a sign of disease.
parenteral Not delivered via the intestinal tract. (par=aside from; enteral=intestinal tract) For example, parenteral nutrition is feeding that is delivered intravenously. Includes total parenteral nutrition (TPN)
paresthesia parasthesias, paresthesias Abnormal sensations of tingling, numbness, pressure, cold, and warmth that an individual experiences without the presence of a stimulus.
PARP PARPs PARP is an acronym for poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase. PARP is a protein that has several roles in cellular processes, most notably in DNA repair and programmed cell death.
PARPi PARP inhibitor PARP inhibitors stop the PARP protein from carrying out its several roles in cellular processes.
PAS-positive PAS, acid-Schiff Periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) positive tissue shows characteristic patterns when stained. Used as a prognostic indicator for some cancers.
patency Patency refers to a tubelike structure's being open and unobstructed. The adjective form patent (PAY-tunt) means open; obvious.
patency capsule A PillCam patency capsule is a dissolving capsule the same size as a PillCam capsule. If the patency capsule can pass unobstructed through the small intestine, so (theoretically) will the PillCam.
paz Paz, PAZ, paz-, Paz-, PAZ- A slang abbreviation for pazopanib (Votrient).
PB Pb, pb Peripheral blood is blood circulating in the limbs.
PBA pseudobulbar affect Pseudobulbar affect results from brain injury, making people laugh or cry uncontrollably in inappropriate situations.
PBAC Pharmaceutical Benefits ­Advisory Committee, The PBAC is an independent expert body appointed by the Australian Government. Its primary role is to recommend new medicines for listing on the PBS. No new medicine can be listed unless the committee makes a positive recommendation. The PBAC meets three times a year.
PBS Pbs, pbs The Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme or PBS is a programme of the Australian Government that provides subsidised prescription drugs to residents of Australia.
PBSCT Peripheral blood stem cell transplant is the type of "bone marrow transplant" or stem cell transplant used most frequently now. In either auto or allo transplant, the donor's blood is filtered to remove the stem cells.
PBT Proton, proton Proton Beam Therapy is an emerging form of radiation therapy that can maximize radiation doses to the target tumor, while sparing adjacent healthy tissues. Due to the physics of proton particles, proton enter the body, deposit most of their energy in the final portion of their trajectory and stop (this is known as the Bragg peak). There is no exit dose.
PC pc, PCs, PC's, pc's 1) Primary Care. 2) Plasma cell, a measure for multiple myeloma. 3) Prostate cancer. 4) Personal computer.
PCa CaP, Pca Abbreviation for prostate cancer.
PCA Patient-controlled analgesia. A method of pain relief in which the patient controls the amount of pain medicine that is used. When pain relief is needed, the person can receive a preset dose of pain medicine by pressing a button on a computerized pump that is connected to a small tube in the body.
PCD Primary care doctor.
PCL Plasma cell leukemia is a rare and aggressive form of multiple myeloma.
PCMZL Primary cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphoma.
PCORI The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) is authorized by Congress to conduct research to provide information about the best available evidence to help patients and their health care providers make more informed decisions.
PCOS Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is characterized by many small cysts in the ovaries and hormonal imbalance.
PCP pcp, PCPs 1). Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) is a fungal infection of the lungs. The disease used to be called Pneumocystis carinii. 2) Primary care provider (or physician).
PCR polymerase chain reaction test The polymerase chain reaction test is used in chronic myelogenous leukemia to measure the amount of an abnormal DNA in the bone marrow.
PD 1) Parkinson's disease. 2) Peritoneal dialysis uses dialysate (special fluid) put into the abdominal cavity, letting those blood vessels do the work of the kidneys. 3) Progressive disease.
PD-1 PD1, pd-1, pd1 PD-1 is a molecular receptor which can be disabled by a drug so that T cells in the bloodstream are not deactivated and can continue to fight cancer cells.
PD-L1 PDL1, PDL-1, pd-l1, pdl1, pdl-1 The ligand (bonding molecule) which in nature binds with PD-1. A drug which binds with PD-L1 prevents cancer cells from deactivating T cells in the bloodstream, allowing them to attack the cancer.
PDA 1) Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. 2) Patent ductus arteriosus is the failure of the ductus arteriosus (which allows an unborn baby's blood to bypass the lungs) to close normally after birth.
PdC PDC, Pdc, pdc, pdC, CPD, CPd A combination of pomalidomide (Pomalyst), dexamethasone, and carfilzomib (Kyprolis) used to treat multiple myeloma.
PDQ Physician Data Query. PDQ is an online database developed and maintained by the National Cancer Institute. Designed to make the most current, credible, and accurate cancer information available to health professionals and the public.
PDT Photodynamic therapy (PDT), sometimes called photochemotherapy, is a form of phototherapy using nontoxic light-sensitive compounds that are exposed selectively to light, whereupon they become toxic to targeted malignant and other diseased cells.
PE PEs, pe 1) Pulmonary embolism (embolus) is blockage of the main lung artery or one of its branches by something in the bloodstream. 2) Protein electrophoresis, blood test to measure multiple myeloma. 3) Pleural effusion, liquid in or around the lungs. 4) Physical examination. 5) Pre-eclampsia. 6) Physical education.
peau Peau d'orange is an anatomical change describing skin that is dimpled and textured like an orange peel.
PEComa perivascular epithelial cell tumor, PEC tumor Perivascular epithelial cell tumor is a rare mesenchymal growth similar to sarcoma; malignant or of uncertain malignant potential.
PED Ped, ped Pediatrics (also spelled paediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents, and the age limit usually ranges from birth up to 16/18.
PEG-J PEG-Js A PEG-J is a feeding tube inserted under mild sedation through the outer abdominal wall into the stomach with an extension into the jejunum, the upper part of the small intestine.
PEI Prince Edward Island is a Canadian island and maritime province to the east of New Brunswick.
PEJ pej, PEJs Percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy is done under mild sedation to insert a feeding tube (PEJ tube) through the outside of the abdomen into the upper part of the small intestine.
pemphigoid Pemphigoid is a rare, autoimmune, blistering skin disorder similar to pemphigus.
pemphigus Pemphigus is a rare, autoimmune, skin disorder that causes blistering. There are several types.
PEN Patient Experience Network.
PEP Positive expiratory pressure is an airway clearance technique used for cystic fibrosis.
peptide receptor radionuclide therapy PRRT, prrt, Prrt PRRT attaches radioactive particles to ocreotide which then binds to somatostatin receptors in neuroendocrine tumors, killing them without harming healthy tissue.
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy PEG, peg, Peg Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is done under mild sedation to insert a feeding tube (PEG tube) through the outside of the abdomen into the stomach.
peripheral Affecting the outer parts, edges, or extremities. (For example, the limbs rather than the torso.)
peristalsis a series of wave-like muscle contractions that moves food to different processing stations in the digestive tract
Pertzye Pertyze, Pertyse, Pertze, Pertzey, Pertsey, Pertse, Pretz, Pretze Pertzye enzymes have added sodium bicarbonate. Various enzyme products are used by cystic fibrosis patients to aid digestion and weight gain.
PET Pet, pet, PETs, PET's Positron emission tomography (scan) is a nuclear medical imaging technique that produces a three-dimensional image or picture of functional processes in the body.
Petechiae petechia Petechiae are pinpoint, round spots that appear on the skin as a result of bleeding under the skin.
PF pulmonary fibrosis Pulmonary fibrosis causes scarring in the interstitial lung tissue (around and between the alveoli, air sacs). This leads to stiffening of the lungs and difficulty breathing.
Pf Abbreviation for the pharmaceutical company Pfizer.
PFA PFAs PFAs are the patient and family care advisors who participate in a healthcare facility's PFAC (Patient and Family Advisory Council).
PFAC Patient and Family Advisory Council.
PFACs PFAC Patients and Family Advisory Councils.
PFAN PFANetwork Patient and Family Advisor Network unites patient and family advisors from different facilities to share ideas and set goals.
PFCC Patient (or Person) and Family Centered Care
PFNA Progressive nonfluent aphasia is a form of frontotemporal dementia.
PFS pfs, Pfs, progression free survival, progression-free survival 1) Progression Free Survival (time until disease progression is seen). 2) Pre-filled syringe(s).
PFT PFTs, PFT's, pft, pfts, pft's Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT) is a complete evaluation of the respiratory system including patient history, physical examinations, chest x-ray examinations, arterial blood gas analysis, and tests of pulmonary function.
PGD pgd, Pgd, PGID, PIGD Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis can be part of in vitro fertilization. It means analysis for genetic disorders before an embryo is implanted in the uterus.
PH PH+, PH-, Ph, Ph chromosome, PH chromosome The Philadelphia chromosome is a factor in chronic myelogenous leukemia and other myeloproliferative neoplasms. PH+ improves the patient's prognosis.
phase 0 Phase 0 trials help develop information about cancer treatment but don't do anything in particular for the patient. The dose is so low that it's not expected to have any therapeutic benefits.
phase 1 A phase 1 clinical trial of a drug determines the highest dose patients can safely tolerate. It examines the way the drug is metabolized and what effects it has as dosage is increased, including side effects and initial effectiveness against various diseases.
phase 2 Phase 2 trials look at a drug's effectiveness against various diseases after phase 1 trials have determined the maximum tolerated dose. The phase 2 trial continues to evaluate side effects and risks of the treatment and begins to assess effectiveness.
phase 3 A phase 3 trial tries to confirm the good results of a phase 2 trial, testing many more patients and often in several countries. Phase 3 trials typically have the most restrictions on patient eligibility.
phase 4 Phase 4 trials may be conducted after a drug is approved by the FDA. Phase 4 trials gather more information on safety and effectiveness of drugs and how best to use them.
pheochromocytoma pheochromocytomas, pheo, pheocromocytoma Pheochromocytoma is currently associated with 10 genetic mutations. It is an adrenal gland tumor that produces a hormone causing various symptoms including blood pressure that is severely elevated, very low, or fluctuates.
Philly Phila Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
phlebotomist A medical technician trained in different methods of removing blood for testing, transfusion, or donation.
phlebotomy phlebotomies Medical removal of a small amount of blood for medical testing or of a larger amount to be transfused.
PHN phn Post-herpetic neuropathy, nerve pain that may remain after an attack of shingles (caused by a herpetic virus).
PHTS PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome is any of four diseases caused by mutation of the PTEN gene. (Juvenile polyposis syndrome does not involve PTEN mutation.)
PI pi, P.I., p.i., P.i., Pi, PIs, PI's 1) Principal investigator, the lead person for a clinical trial or other research project. 2) Pancreatic insufficiency. 3) Proteasome inhibitor.
PI3KCA PI3K, pi3k PI3KCA is one of the molecular targets in the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. Drugs are being developed to block each of these targets to stop cancer growth; mTOR drugs are currently available.
PICC line picc, PIC, pic, Picc, pic-line, pick-line, PICC-line A peripherally inserted central catheter (aka long line, PICC line, or central catheter) is a type of intravenous access. It is used for treatment requiring frequent IVs or for harsh drugs which would harm smaller veins.
PID 1) Primary immune deficiency. 2) Pelvic inflammatory disease.
PillCam pill-cam, Pill-Cam A tiny camera in a capsule that records images as it passes through the digestive system.
PITA PIA, pia, pita A pain in the...buttocks.
PJS jeghers-peutz syndrome, peutz's syndrome, pjs Peutz-Jeghers syndrome is a genetic disorder that causes brown spots in the mouth and lips, benign gastrointestinal polyps, bowel obstructions, and increased risk of cancers
PK pk Pharmacokinetics is the science that describes how any drug moves through the body: how it is absorbed, metabolized, distributed within the body, and excreted, along with the interactions caused by these processes.
PKAN pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration, Hallervorden-Spatz syndrome Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration is caused by a progressive build-up of iron in certain areas of the brain, causing progressive neurological problems.
PKD Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop primarily within your kidneys.
Plasmacytoma A plasmacytoma is a discrete, solitary mass of neoplastic monoclonal plasma cells in either bone or soft tissue. It is a rare tumor that can be considered as a singular counterpart of multiple myeloma.
plasmapheresis Plasmapheresis is a treatment in which blood plasma or plasma components are filtered from the blood, treated, and returned to the patient.
platelet Plt, plt, PLT, Plts, plts, platelets Platelets are the type of blood cells needed to form clots. With too many, unwanted clots can form. With too few, clots will not form to stop wounds from bleeding.
Platins Platinum-based antineoplastic drugs (informally called platins) are chemotherapy-agents to treat cancer. They are coordination complexes of platinum.
PLE polymorphous light eruption, polymorphic light eruption Polymorphous light eruption is an itchy rash on a person who has become sun-sensitive and is exposed to an increased amount of sunlight.
pleurodesis pleuradesis, plurodesis, pluradesis Pleurodesis is done when severe effusions (outpourings of fluid) keep building up in the pleural space around the lungs. The procedure causes the pleural membranes to stick to the lungs, eliminating the pleural space.
PLEX Plex, plex, plasma, Plasma, plasma exchange, Plasma exchange, Plasma Exchange Plasma exchange is similar to plasmapheresis (in which blood plasma or plasma components are removed, treated, and returned to the patient). The difference is that PLEX replaces it with artificial plasma - the pale yellow liquid that carries the blood cells.
PLM Patients Like Me, a website where patients can enter data about their health.
PLWC PLC, plc, PWC, pwc, Plc, Pwc People living with cancer, or PWC, people with cancer.
PM pm, Pm, p.m., P.M., private message 1) Private message. 2) Personalized medicine. 3) Polymyositis. 4) Pain management. 5) "Post meridiem," from noon to midnight.
PMA PMO Positive Mental Attitude (PMA). Also Positive Mental Outlook (PMO).
PMAD pmad Perinatal mood or anxiety disorders can affect women during pregnancy or postpartum (after giving birth).
PMCC PMCI, Mac 1) The Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, alternatively Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute is Australia’s only public hospital dedicated to cancer treatment, research and education. 2) Mac or Macintosh is a series of personal computers designed and developed by Apple, Inc.
PMD Pmd, pmd, PMDs, PPMD 1) Primary medical doctor. 2) Postpartum mood disorder.
PMDD pmdd, Pmdd Premenstrual dysphoric disorder is a severe premenstrual syndrome involving depression, irritability, tension, moodiness, etc. PMDD may be associated with anxiety, severe depression, and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
PMDT Programmatic management of drug-resistant tuberculosis provides comprehensive treatment guidelines for drug-resistant TB.
PMH Princess Margaret Cancer Centre (Princess Margaret Hospital) is a teaching hospital in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, affiliated with the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine as part of the University Health Network. The hospital now stands as the largest cancer centre in Canada.
PML Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy is usually fatal. In PML, a virus causes continuing damage to the white matter in the brain.
PMP Pseudomyxoma peritonei is a buildup of mucus in the abdomen due to a tumor of mucin-producing cells in the appendix.
PMR pmr, Pmr Polymyalgia rheumatica causes widespread stiffness and aching, usually in older adults.
PMRI pMRI, pmri 1) Prepolarized MRI (PMRI) uses an alternative approach to conventional MRIs by employing two separate fields produced by two different magnets. 2) Parallel Magnetic Resonance Imaging (pMRI) is a type of fast pace imaging.
PMS Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) can affect a woman's body, their mood, and how they act in the days leading up to their menstrual period. PMS is tied to hormone changes that happen during the menstrual cycle.
PN pn, P.N. 1) Partial Nephrectomy (partial removal of a kidney). 2) Peripheral neuropathy, tingling or numbness in limbs due to nerve damage.
PNA pna, Pna 1) Postnatal anxiety. 2) Pneumonia, an infectious inflammation of the lungs caused either bacterially or virally. (Non-infectious inflammation of the lungs is called pneumonitis.)
PND pnd 1) Perinatal depression. 2) Postnatal depression. 3) Paraneoplastic neurologic disorders (PND) or syndromes (PNS) are conditions affecting the nervous system in cancer patient. A PND is not caused by the cancer itself but by disturbances the cancer causes, particularly in the immune system.
PNET P-NET, PNETs, P-NETs, P-Net, P-Nets 1) Pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor. 2) Primitive neuroectodermal tumor usually occurs in children and young adults.
PNH paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria is a rare genetic disease. Red blood cells break down earlier than they should and release hemoglobin into the urine, mostly at night or early morning.
PNS paraneoplastic, Paraneoplastic Paraneoplastic neurologic disorders (PND) or syndromes (PNS) describe many conditions that affect the nervous system (brain, spinal cord, nerves or muscles) in patients with cancer. The problem is not caused by the cancer itself but by disturbances that the cancer causes in the body, particularly in the immune system.
POA POAs A power of attorney (POA) or letter of attorney is a written authorization to represent or act on another's behalf in private affairs, business, or some other legal matter, sometimes against the wishes of the other's.
POC 1) Point of contact, a person or department that is the focal point for information and inquiries on a particular topic. 2) Portable oxygen concentrator.
POCD Post-operative cognitive dysfunction can occur after regional or general anesthesia for usually major surgery. POCD is a cognitive decline lasting a few days to (rarely) a few months.
Podiatry Pod, podiatrist, Podiatrist Podiatry or podiatric medicine is a branch of medicine devoted to the study of diagnosis, medical and surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, and lower extremity.
POEMS poems, Poems POEMS syndrome (also known as Crow–Fukase syndrome, Takatsuki disease, or PEP syndrome) is a rare multistemic medical disease of the blood that affects many of the body systems. POEMS is an abbreviation for Polyneuropathy-organomegaly-endocrinopathy-M protein-skin lesions.
POETS POET People who have POEMS syndrome.
POLST Physician's Order for Life Sustaining Treatment (POLST) is a form that gives seriously-ill patients more control over their end-of-life care, including medical treatment, extraordinary measures (such as a ventilator or feeding tube) and CPR.
polychondritis relapsing polychondritis, RPC Relapsing polychronditis is recurring inflammation and deterioration of cartilage. It's most likely an autoimmune problem.
polycythemia polycythaemia, polyglobulia Polycythemia means the body has too many red blood cells. Often this is due to an abnormality in the bone marrow, but there can be other causes.
polyp A small, abnormal growth that protrudes from a mucous membrane, usually on a stalk (stem). Polyps typically are benign, but some are pre-cancerous or cancerous.
polysomnography polysomnogram, PSG Polysomnography is a thorough overnight sleep test in a sleep lab to analyze sleep disturbances and unrestful sleep.
pomalidomide Pomalyst, Pom-, Pom -, pomalist, Pom, pom, POM Pomalyst (pomalidomide) is an immune-inhibiting drug (imid) used to treat multiple myeloma. It has fewer side effects than its parent drug Thalomid (thalidomide) but can still cause drastic birth defects.
poorly-differentiated Poorly-differentiated cancer cells look more primitive than the normal tissue cells from which they develop. They are harder to treat than well-differentiated cancers.
Port port In medicine, a port (or portacath) is a small medical appliance that is installed beneath the skin. A catheter connects the port to a vein. Under the skin, the port has a septum through which drugs can be injected and blood samples can be drawn.
POS pos, Pos, PoS 1) Positive. 2) Piece of [worthless excrement].
posterior further back in position; of or nearer the rear or hind end, especially of the body or a part of it
postpartum post-partum, post partum, postnatal, post-natal Postpartum (postnatal) refers to the time after a woman gives birth.
postpolypectomy syndrome post-polypectomy syndrome, transmural burn syndrome, postpolypectomy electrocoagulation syndrome Electrocoagulation to remove intestinal polyps can cause fever, increased white cells, inflammation, and abdominal pain. Since there is no perforation of the bowel, conservative treatment is normally successful.
POTS Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) is a rare disorder. When a person stands up, symptoms include abnormal increase in heart rate, light-headedness, and palpitations.
PP pp 1) Post partum, the time after a woman delivers a baby. 2) Primary peritoneal (cancer) - also abbreviated PPC.
PPA ppa, Ppa, PPa 1) Postpartum anxiety (PPA) is a mood disorder associated with giving birth. 2) Primary progressive aphasia is growing inability to use language.
PPC Ppc, ppc Primary peritoneal cancer (PPC) is a rare cancer that starts in the peritoneum. The peritoneum is the membrane that lines the inside of the abdomen, clinging to and covering all the organs in the abdomen – for example the intestines, the liver and the stomach.
PPCL pPCL Primary plasma cell leukemia (PPCL) is an aggressive variant of multiple myeloma.
PPD ppd, Ppd 1) Postpartum depression (postnatal depression) can affect women, and less frequently men, typically after childbirth. 2) Purified protein derivative of tuberculin is injected for various tests related to tuberculosis.
PPI ppi, PPIs, ppis, PPI's, ppi's Proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs) are a group of drugs whose main action is a pronounced and long-lasting reduction of gastric acid production. They are the most potent inhibitors of acid secretion available.
PPMAD ppmad, Ppmad Postpartum Mood and Anxiety Disorders
PPMD ppmd, Ppmd, PPMDs Postpartum mood disorder. Often extended to include mood disorders which begin during pregnancy (perinatal mood disorder).
PPMS Primary progressive multiple sclerosis causes medical decline without periods of better health between bouts.
PPO ppo, Ppo A preferred provider organization is a type of US health insurance in which participants can choose any physician, but costs will be lower if they go to "preferred providers" who have contracted with the organization.
PPOCD ppocd Postpartum Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is an obsessive-compulsive disorder in which women in the postpartum period tend to focus their obsessive thoughts on their baby.
PPP Post Partum Psychosis is the most severe form of postpartum psychiatric illness.
PPPD Postpartum Panic Disorder (PPPD) is a form of anxiety in which a new mother feels very nervous and has recurring panic attacks and may experience shortness of breath, chest pain, claustrophobia, dizziness, heart palpitations, and numbness and tingling in the extremities.
PPU ppu, Ppu A Pediatric Procedural Unit provides medical procedures for patients under 18. A PPU may be open or designated for patients with the same ailment.
PR 1) Partial Response (significant reduction of all visible disease in response to treatment). 2) Public Relations. 3) Personal record.
PR-negative PR- PR-negative describes breast cancer that does not have receptors for progesterone. Blocking progesterone will not discourage its growth.
PR-positive PR+ PR-positive describes breast cancer that has receptors for progesterone. Blocking progesterone will discourage growth.
pRCC PRCC, prcc Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma - Types I and II
PRCRT Peptide receptor chemoradionuclide therapy is used for neuroendocrine tumors.
PRES Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare complication of treatment with drugs such as Velcade or Kyprolis. It may be reversible if treatment is stopped. It can cause seizures, high blood pressure, headaches, fatigue, confusion, and blindness or other vision problems.
pressors pressor Anything administered to raise blood pressure.
previvor A previvor has been diagnosed with a genetic syndrome associated with cancer but does not have cancer.
primary care medicine PCM, pcm Primary care medicine is your provider for overall, day-to-day, general healthcare needs.
Primary purpose The one main reason for the clinical trial. Types of primary purposes include treatment, prevention, diagnostic, supportive care, screening, health services research, and basic science.
PRN prn, PRNs PRN stands for a Latin phrase that means "when necessary" or "as needed."
profundaplasty Surgical repair of a blocked or narrowed deep artery, usually the deep femoral artery in the thigh.
Proleukin A drug used to treat some types of cancer. It is a form of interleukin-2, a cytokine made by leukocytes (white blood cells), that is made in the laboratory. Proleukin increases the activity and growth of white blood cells called T lymphocytes and B lymphocytes.
PROMIS Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System.
PROSE PROSE is a type of contact lens that rests on the white (schlera) of the eye. The lens rests on liquid over the cornea.
proteasome Proteasomes are complexes inside cells that break down proteins. Proteasome inhibitors are drugs used to stop this breakdown.
PRP prp, Prp Platelet-rich plasma is blood plasma that has been enriched with platelets.
PS ps 1) Polyposis syndrome. 2) Performance status, an evaluation of how well a patient can withstand treatment. 3) Pancreatic sufficiency means the pancreas functions correctly. Pancreatic insufficiency requires the administration of enzymes to digest food.
PsA Psoriatic arthritis.
PSA 1) PSA test measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen released into a man's blood by his prostate gland. 2) Primary systemic amyloidosis is primary or AL amyloidosis. 3) Public service announcement.
PSADT PSADT stands for PSA doubling time (how long it takes for a PSA reading to double). PSA is prostate-specific antigen; higher levels of PSA can indicate prostate cancer.
PSCT pSCT, psct, Psct Peripheral stem cell transplant (as opposed to bone marrow transplant).
PSDA The 1990 Patient Self-Determination Act (PSDA) encourages everyone to decide now about the types and extent of medical care they want to accept or refuse if they become unable to make those decisions due to illness.
pseudo pseudomonas Pseudo is a shortening of pseudomonas, a troublesome common infectious bacterium.
PSI Postpartum Support International (PSI) is a non-profit organization whose mission is to promote awareness, prevention and treatment of mental health issues related to childbearing in every country worldwide.
PSMA prostate-specific Prostate-specific membrane antigen is found in many cancers and is a possible molecular target for cancer treatment.
PSS Primary Sjogren's syndrome.
PT pt, p.t., P.T., P. T., Pt 1) Patient. 2) Physical therapist or physical therapy (aka physiotherapy). 3) Prothrombin time, also known as Protime, is a test of blood's clotting ability. 4) Part time.
PTA Pta, pta Physical therapy assistant.
PTC pseudotumor, psuedotumor, sudotumor Pseudotumor cerebri is a rare condition with symptoms that can mimic a brain tumor, but there is no tumor. It's caused by increased pressure in the skull.
PTL PTL is used as an acronym for "praise the Lord."
PTLD Post transplant lymphoproliferative disease or disorder is a malignancy (neoplastic disease) usually involving B cell proliferation. It is due to immunosuppression and viral activity after a transplant of an organ or allogeneic stem cells.
PTLS Post tubal ligation syndrome is a possible reaction of women to having their Fallopian tubes tied to prevent further pregnancy. Symptoms range from mild to severe, with many doctors denying the existence of the syndrome.
PTSD ptsd, pts, PTS Post-traumatic stress disorder. An anxiety disorder that develops in reaction to physical injury or severe mental or emotional distress, such as military combat, violent assault, natural disaster, or other life-threatening events. Having cancer may also lead to PTSD.
PTU ptu, Ptu Propylthiouracil is a medication for hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) and Graves' disease.
PUFA polyunsaturated fats
pulsatile Pertaining to a rhythmic pulsing, usually in time with the heartbeat.
pulse ox pulse-ox, Pulse ox, Pulse-ox Pulse oximeter, a device that measures pulse rate and blood oxygenation level. Pulse ox may also refer to the readings themselves.
PulseOx Pulse oximetry is a non-invasive method for monitoring a patient's O2 saturation.
PUPPP PUPPPS, PUPPS, PUPP, puppps, pupps, pupp, PUPPPs, PUPPs Pruritic urticarial papules and plaques of pregnancy is an itchy, bumpy rash that affects about 1 in 150 expectant mothers. It does not occur on the face and does not affect the baby.
Purpura Purpura is a purplish discoloration of the skin produced by small bleeding vessels near the surface.
Purpura Purpura is a purplish discoloration of the skin produced by small bleeding vessels near the surface.
PUVA A therapy for skin problems that sensitizes the skin with the drug psoralen (applied topically or taken orally) and then exposes the skin to ultraviolet-A light.
PV pv, P.V., P.V Polycythemia vera is a chronic blood disorder marked by an abnormal increase in three types of blood cells produced by bone marrow.
PVC pvc, PVCs, pvc's, premature ventricular contractions A premature ventricular contraction (PVC) is a too-early heartbeat from either of the heart's lower chambers (ventricles). Almost everyone experiences PVC at some time; it is the most common type of abnormal heart rhythm.
PVE Portal vein embolization is a procedure to block a major blood vessel in the liver.
PVG pvg Partial very good remission, one of the possible evaluations of one's status with multiple myeloma.
PVI Protracted venous infusion (PVI) or ambulant infusion. Ambulant means walking, thus an ambulant infusion means you can walk around wearing the chemotherapy pump.
PVP betadine, povidone-iodine, PVP-iodine 1) Photoselective vaporization of the prostate is a laser surgery to reduce a benign enlarged prostate gland. 2) PVP (povidone-iodine) is an antiseptic also known as Betadine.
PVR pvr Pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) in adults is a relatively rare heart valve replacement.
PVT polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, torsades de Points Polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (Torsades de Pointes) is an abnormal heart rhythm which has several phases of speeding up and slowing down.
PWD PwD, pwd People With Diabetes.
PWG Parents' Working Group.
PwMS People with Multiple Sclerosis
PWP PwP, pwp, PWPs People with Parkinson's or Person with Parkinson's.
PWS Prader–Willi syndromeis a rare genetic disorder in which seven genes (or some subset thereof) are deleted or unexpressed on the paternal chromosome. Characteristic of PWS may include "low muscle tone, short stature, incomplete sexual development, cognitive disabilities, problem behaviors, and a chronic feeling of hunger."
Px px, PX 1) Physical examination. 2) Prognosis. 3) Typo for Rx or prescription.
QA Quality Assurance. A process that looks at activities or products on a regular basis to make sure they are being done at the required level of excellence.
QALY QALYs The quality-adjusted life year or quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) is a measure of disease burden, including both the quality and the quantity of life lived.
QE2 QEII Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee Hospital is in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
QI Quality Improvement
Qld QLD Queensland, one of the states in Australia.
QOD qod Every other day.
QOL qol Quality of Life.
R-CHOP RCHOP, rchop, r-chop R-CHOP is one of the most widely used combination chemotherapy regimens in the sphere of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. RCHOP stands for: retuximab, cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan), hydroxydaunomycin (doxorubicin), Oncovin (vincristine), and prednisolone or prednisone.
R-EPOCH REPOCH Large cell lymphoma treatment that uses rituximab, etoposide, prednisone, Oncovin (vincristine), cyclophosphamide, and hydroxydaunorubicin (doxorubicin, Adriamycin).
R-ESHAP R + ESHAP A combination treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma including Rituximab plus Etoposide, SH methylprednisone Sodium Hemisuccinate, Ara-C (cytarabine), and Platinum (cisplatin). A cytarabine (Ara-C) P cisplatin (platinum)
R0 R0 means a clean surgical margin, also called a negative margin or tumor-negative margin. No cells of the removed tumor were found at the edges of the removed tissue.
RA Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of chronic arthritis that occurs in joints on both sides of the body (such as both hands, both wrists, or both knees).
Rad rad 1) An older radiation therapy term for absorbed dose, now mostly replaced by Gray. 100 Rads is the same as 1 Gray. 2) Radiation (as in the term rad onc, radiation oncologist).
radiculopathy Compression of a nerve where it exits the spinal column. This compression can cause pain, numbness, and other problems.
radioactive iodine RAI, rai, radioiodine, I-131, 131-I, I-123 Thyroid cells absorb and store iodine. I-123 is harmless to cells and is useful in imaging thyroid cancer. I-131 is a treatment that gradually kills thyroid cancer cells.
Radioembolization Radioembolization is a combination of radiation therapy (SIRT) and a procedure called embolization to treat cancer of/in the liver.
radiofrequency RFA, rfa, Rfa In radiofrequency ablation (RFA), imaging is used to guide a needle-like probe into a tumor or other unwanted tissue. A radiowave produces an electrical current to superheat the probe tip and destroy the tissue.
Radiosurgery radiosurgery A single high dose of radiation very precisely directed to a brain lesion while sparing surrounding healthy tissue. Stereotactic radiosurgery equipment includes gamma knife, Cyberknife, Proton Beam Therapy, and specially equipped linear accelerators.
RADVAX RADVAC, RAD-VAX, RAD-VAC RADVAX is a clinical trial term meaning "radiation vaccination." Focused radiation kills some cancer cells, leading to creation of antibodies before treatment with immunotherapy.
RAH 1) Robotically-assisted hysterectomy. 2) Royal Adelaide Hospital Cancer Centre in Australia.
rainbow A rainbow baby or child is one born to parents who previously lost a child pre-birth, at birth, or later.
RALPN Robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.
Ram ram 1) Cyramza (ramucirumab), approved by the FDA for advanced stomach cancer or of the junction of the esophagus and stomach. 2) Dr. Ramaprasada "Ram" Srinivasan, a kidney cancer specialist at NCI.
range of motion ROM, RoM, rom, Rom The movement potential of a joint. Range of motion exercise or therapy aims to restore or preserve a normal range of motion.
rapalog rapalogs, Rapalog, Rapalogs Chemical compounds similar to rapamycin (sirolimus), the first mTOR drug.
RAR Recto-anal repair is a minimally invasive repair procedure for hemorrhoids which combines arterial ligation and mucopexy.
Raynaud phenomenon Raynaud syndrome, Reynaud, Raynaud Raynaud's phenomenon is spasming of the hand's blood vessels in response to cold. The fingers turn white, then bluish as circulation returns, and finally pink / normal again.
Rb RB Rb (retinoblastoma protein) is also known as RB (retinoblastoma tumor suppressor).
RBC RBCs Red blood cells are designed to pick up oxygen from the lungs and release it into the tissues of the body. The only reason they can do this is because they contain a protein within them called hemoglobin.
RBH RBWH Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital is in Brisbane in Queensland, Australia.
RC Radical cystectomy is surgical removal of the bladder, surrounding lymph nodes, part of the urethra, and any surrounding tissue that may contain cancerous cells. In men, the prostate and related tissue is also removed.
RCA Right coronary artery.
RCC rcc Renal cell carcinoma (kidney cancer).
RCT RCTs A randomized controlled trial (randomized clinical trial) uses a study design that randomly assigns participants into an experimental group or a control group.
RD rd, Rd, RDN 1) Revlimid and dexamethasone. 2) Registered dietitian (RD or RDN). 3) In multiple myeloma, residual disease.
RDW Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is not always included in a complete blood count. A low reading indicates the red blood cells are uniform in size. Variation in shape or width results in a higher reading indicating a possible problem.
ReBorD RevBorD, RBorD, ReBor D, RevBor D, RBor D A combination therapy for multiple myeloma including Revlimid, bortezomib (Velcade), and dexamethasone.
RECIST Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST) is a set of published rules that define when tumours in cancer patients improve ("respond"), stay the same ("stabilize"), or worsen ("progress") during treatments.
recur recurrence If a disease or cancer recurs, it has come back. It may be in the same or a different location, and the intensity may differ; but it's the same disease again.
reduced-intensity conditioning RIC, Ric, ric RIC before an allogeneic stem cell transplant does not destroy the recipient's immune system but weakens it enough to accept stem cells from a well-matched donor.
refractory resistant Refractory or resistant means that a disease does not respond to treatment attempts.
reg Reg Regular, as in reg onc (regular oncologist).
REM rem, Rem 1) Remeron (mirtazapine), anti-depressant. 2) Remicade (infliximab), monoclonal antibody to treat autoimmune diseases. 3) Rapid eye motion sleep, the stage in which most dreaming occurs.
Research and Development R&D Research and Development.
resect resects, resected, resecting Remove by using surgery.
respiratory respitory Having to do with the breathing system, especially the lungs.
RET ret proto-oncogene (RET) This gene, a member of the cadherin superfamily, encodes one of the receptor tyrosine kinases, which are cell-surface molecules that transduce signals for cell growth and differentiation.
retroperitoneal Behind the parietal peritoneum (the membrane that lines the abdominal and pelvic cavities.)
retroperitoneal lymph node dissection RPLND, rplnd, Rplnd RPLND is the removal of one or more lymph nodes from the back part of the abdominal space (behind the peritoneum and below the lungs).
RF rf, Rf RF stands for renal failure. ARF is acute renal failure and CRF is chronic renal failure.
RFP RfP, Rfp, rfp RFP means request for proposals (for a grant or other project)
RGCC RGCC Labs makes a variety of cancer tests for circulating tumor cells, sensitivity of cancer cells to various treatments, etc.
RGCI Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Centre in New Delhi, India.
Rhabdomyosarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous (malignant) tumor of the muscles that are attached to the bones. It can occur in many places in the body. The most common sites are the structures of the head and neck, the urogenital tract, and the arms or legs.
RHS Informal term for right-hand side.
Richter syndrome Richter's syndrome, Richter's transformation, Richter transformation Richter syndrome (RS), also called Richter transformation, is chronic lymphocytic leukemia that changes into an aggressive lymphoma.
RIT Radioactive iodine therapy is used to treat thyroid cancer.
RL Internet shorthand for "Real Life" as opposed to a virtual/online relationship.
RLMS Retro-peritoneal leiomyosarcoma.
RLS Restless Legs Syndrome. A condition in which a person has a strong urge to move his or her legs in order to stop uncomfortable sensations. They can also occur in other parts of the body.
RMB Renal Mass Biopsy (RMB)
RMC Renal medullary carcinoma (RMC) is a rare neoplasm of the kidney that has been recently described. It is almost exclusive to young patients and is usually associated with sickle cell hemoglobinopathy, mainly sickle cell trait and hemoglobin sickle cell disease. Metastatic disease is almost universal at the time of presentation.
RMH 1) Ronald McDonald House Charities (RMHC) provides temporary “homes away from home” for pediatric cancer patients and their families as well as others. 2) Sentara Rockingham Memorial Hospital (RMH) Medical Center is located in Harrisonburg, VIrginia, USA. 3) The Royal Marsden Hospital in London, England.
RML Rml, rml Right middle lobectomy means removal of the right lung's middle lobe. (The right lung has three lobes. The left lung has a lower lobe and an upper lobe.)
RMS Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a cancerous (malignant) tumor of the muscles that are attached to the bones. It can occur in many places in the body. It is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children.
RN Registered nurse.
RNP A registered nurse practitioner has at least a master's degree to qualify to take on some duties of a physician.
RNY Roux-En-Y, Roux En Y, RNYGB, RNYB, RnY Roux-En-Y is a gastric bypass surgery to produce major weight loss.
ROCA Risk of Ovarian Cancer Algorithm, a method of combining risk factors to estimate a woman's risk of ovarian cancer.
ROS Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are chemically reactive molecules containing oxygen.
ROS1 ROS-1 A newly identified oncogenic mutation in NSCLC. ROS1, although present in but a small percentage of patients, its discovery represents an additional breakthrough in understanding what ‘drives’ individual cancers.
Royal Jelly royal jelly A honey bee secretion that is used in the nutrition of larvae, as well as adult queens. The US Food and Drug Administration has taken legal action against companies that have used unfounded claims of health benefits to market royal jelly products. The European Food Safety Authority has concluded that the current evidence does not support consuming royal jelly will give health benefits in humans.
RP 1) Radical prostatectomy. 2) Retroperitoneal describes an area of the abdomen.
RP2D Determining the RP2D (recommended phase II dose) is a typical objective in phase I clinical trials.
RPA Royal Prince Alfred is the principal teaching hospital of the University of Sydney, Australia and offers a full range of speciality services from its extensive campus.
RPCI Roswell Roswell Park Cancer Institute is in Buffalo, New York, USA.
RPL Retroperitoneal liposarcoma; a rare sarcoma located behind the peritoneum which lines the abdominal cavity.
RPLS Reversible posterior leukoencephalopathy syndrome (RPLS) is a swelling of brain tissue with headaches, confusion, visual loss, and seizures. Usually it is reversible if the cause is eliminated.
RPS rps, Rps 1) Regional pain syndrome. 2) Retroperitoneal sarcoma.
RR 1) Response rate. 2) Refractory or recurrent. 3) Renal recovery. 4) Washroom; toilet. 5) Railroad.
RRCC Adult rhabdoid renal cell carcinoma (RRCC) is recognized as any histologic type of RCC containing foci of high-grade malignant cells with rhabdoid morphology.
RRMS Relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis causes medical declines followed by periods of partial recovery.
RRP Robotic radical prostatectomy.
RSD Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy is an earlier name for CRSP, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome. It is a progressive disease of the autonomic/sympathetic nervous system causing constant and intense pain that is out of proportion to the original problem.
RSO 1) Remote second opinion. 2) Rick Simpson's Oil (hash oil, concentrated cannabis oil, honey oil) is a distilled cannabis product high in CBD and THC. It is purported to cure cancer but has not been clinically tested.
RSV rsv Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a very contagious virus and the most common cause of bronchiolitis (inflammation of the small airways in the lung) and pneumonia in children younger than age 1 in the U.S.
RSW RSWs Registered social worker.
RT 1) Respiratory therapy or therapist. 2) Radiation therapy, radiotherapy. 3) Right (as opposed to left).
RTKs RTK, rtk's, RTK's Receptor tyrosine kinases are found on cell surfaces. Each type is specifically designed to bond with a cytokine, hormone, or polypeptide growth factor. Some cancer cells produce more of one kind or depend more on one kind, which makes RTKs good potential targets for cancer treatment.
rTM RTM Recurrent transverse myelitis (TM) is sometimes misdiagnosed as multiple sclerosis.
RUL Rul, rul Right upper lobe (of the lung).
ruminating ruminate, ruminates, ruminated, rumination Focusing compulsively on thinking about one's symptoms, their causes and consequences in place of looking for and working on solutions. Often may involve, "What if."
RVD VDR, rvd, vdr, RVd, VdR, vdr, RDV, rdv, Rdv, RdV A combination of Revlimid, Velcade, and dexamethasone used to treat multiple myeloma.
RVN Republic of Viet Nam.
RWJ RWJUH, RWJH, RWJF RWJ University Hospital is centered in New Brunswick, New Jersey. The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation is a private foundation to improve Americans' health and healthcare.
Rx RX, rx, Rxs, RXs, rxs 1) Abbreviation for prescription or prescribed. 2) Abbreviation for recurrence.
RxNorm RxNORM Standardized terminology specific to the USA for all medications on the market in the USA. Part of the terminology of the Unified Medical Language System.
SA 1) The Republic of South Africa. 2) South America. 3) San Antonio, Texas.
SABCS San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium is a well-respected annual conference.
SABR SABT Stereotactic ablative body radiation therapy (SABR) is a type of radiation therapy in which a few very high doses of radiation are delivered to small, well-defined tumours.
SAD Seasonal Affective Disorder 1) Seasonal Affective Disorder is a type of depression that occurs at the same time every year, usually winter. 2) Standard American Diet.
SAE sAE, Sae, SAEs, sae, sae's A serious adverse event is known to patients as a serious undesired side effect.
SAFO Silicone ankle-foot orthotics are more flexible than typical AFOs and have a quick fitting process.
SAHM sahm Stay at home mom. A mother who does not work for pay outside the home.
Salpingo-oophorectomy Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy is the surgical removal of a fallopian tube and an ovary. If both sets of fallopian tubes and ovaries are removed, the procedure is called a bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy.
SAM SAMS Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is an increasingly recognised vascular disease of the middle-aged and elderly and a leading cause of spontanoeus intra-abdominal haemorrhage.
Sando Sandostatin Sandostatin is a brand name of ocreotide (a long-acting analog of somatostatin) often used to treat the symptoms of carcinoid tumors.
SAR650984 SAR, sar, Sar SAR650984 is an experimental drug, a monoclonal antibody that binds to CD38. It is in clinical trials for multiple myeloma and other blood cancers.
sarcoma A sarcoma is a cancer that arises from transformed cells of mesenchymal origin. Thus, malignant tumors made of cancerous bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, vascular, or hematopoietic tissues are, by definition, considered sarcomas.
SBFT small-bowel follow-through, small bowel followthrough, small bowel follow-through Small bowel follow-through is an Xray technique following the passage of liquid barium solution through the stomach into the small intestine and onward until it reaches the colon.
SBM Sbm, sbm, EBM, Ebm, ebm Science-based medicine or evidence-based medicine requires clinically-demonstrated evidence.
SBO sbo, Sbo, SBo Small bowel obstruction; a blockage of any type in the small intestine.
SBP sbp, Sbp 1) Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. 2) Systolic blood pressure.
SBRT stereotactic, SABR Stereotactic body radiation therapy (also called SABR, stereotactic ablative radiotherapy) is specialized external radiation therapy aiming many small beams of radiation to meet inside the target, with high daily doses for one to five days.
SBS sbs Shaken baby syndrome, the brain damage that occurs if a baby is shaken roughly (usually in an annoyed attempt to make the baby stop crying).
SC sc 1) Stupid Cancer is a non-profit organization empowering young adults with cancer. 2) Subcutaneous (under the skin). 3) Stem cells. 4) Sickle cell. 5) South Carolina.
SCC scc, Scc 1) Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is cancer in the thin, flat squamous cells, often in the skin. 2) Spinal cord compression can occur when spinal bones break.
SCCA Seattle Cancer Care Alliance is a cancer treatment center located adjacent to Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, WA, USA.
SCCHN Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
SCD scd 1) The specific carbohydrate diet restricts many carbohydrates and may be useful in treating inflammatory bowel disease. 2) Sickle cell disease. 3) Superior canal dehiscence, a rare inner-ear problem.
SCDS SSCD SCDS (superior canal dehiscence syndrome) or SSCD (superior semicircular canal dehiscence) is a rare inner-ear problem affecting hearing and balance due to thinning of the temporal bone over the semicircular canal.
ScGVHD Sclerodermatous chronic graft-versus-host disease is a form of long-lasting GVHD involving scleroderma, a disease which causes thickening of the skin and which can have mild to life-threatening symptoms.
SCH Seattle Children's Hospital.
Schatzki A Schatzki ring or Schatzki-Gary ring is a narrowing of the lower part of the esophagus that can cause difficulty swallowing (dysphagia). The narrowing is caused by a ring of mucosal tissue (which lines the esophagus) or muscular tissue.
SCI sci, spinal cord injury, Sci 1) A spinal cord injury can range from bruising which eventually improves to severing which causes paralysis in parts of the body below the break. 2) Sarah Cannon Research Institute, headquartered in Nashville, TN. 3) Science.
SCLC Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a fast-growing type of lung cancer. It usually spreads much more quickly than non-small cell lung cancer.
SCLE Subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus does not cause scarring or atrophy but does cause high sensitivity to sunlight.
sclerodactyly schlerodactyly Sclerodactyly is hardening and thickening of the skin on the hands which causes contraction and limited mobility / dexterity.
scleroderma schleroderma Scleroderma is hardening of the skin which causes contraction and tightness. It can be localized or systemic.
SCNSL Secondary central nervous system lymphoma (SCNSL) is metastasis (spread) of lymphoma to the brain, cranial nerves, or spinal cord.
scoliosis scholiosis A side-to-side (lateral) curvature of the back that may require a brace or surgical correction.
SCP SCPs Survivorship care plan.
SCR sCR, Scr, scr, stringent, CSR, csr, Csr For multiple myeloma the criteria for sCR (stringent complete response) are the same as complete response (CR) with two additions: a normal free light chain (FLC) ratio, and absence of clonal cells in bone marrow by immunohistochemistry or immunofluorescence.
SCRI Sarah Cannon Research Institute Sarah Cannon Research Institute is headquartered in Nashville, TN.
SCS Scs, scs Spinal cord stimulation (or stimulator).
SCT SCTs, SCT's, sct, scts, sct's 1) Stem Cell Transplant puts stem cells into a patient to replace the damaged immune system. 2) Stem Cell Therapy or Treatment is an intervention strategy that introduces new stem cells into damaged tissue in order to treat disease or injury.
SCTAT SCTATs Sex cord tumor with annular tubules is a rare type of ovarian tumor, often benign and often associated with Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome.
SD 1) Seborrheic cermatitis. 2) Semantic dementia. 3) Stable disease. 4) Standard deviation, a statistical term. 5) Stepdaughter. 6) South Dakota, a state in the US midwest. 7) San Diego, a city in California, USA.
SDCRI San Diego Cancer Research Institute.
SDHA SDH-A SDHA is an acronym for succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit A. At least three mutations in the SDHA gene have been identified with noncancerous (benign) tumors associated with the nervous system as well as other disease and conditions.
SDHB SDH-B Succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit B. Succinate dehydrogenase is a key enzyme in the citric acid cycle; it oxidizes succinate to fumarate.
SDHD Succinctness dehydrogenase complex gene.
SE SEs, SE's, ses, se's, se, ASE, ASEs, ASE's, ase 1) Side effects (SE) are potential adverse results from any medication. 2) Spiral enteroscopy scopes inside the small intestine. 3) Per se, a Latin phrase meaning intrinsically; in and of itself.
Second line chemotherapy second line chemotherapy Chemotherapy that is given if a disease has not responded or reoccurred after first line chemotherapy. Second line chemotherapy has, through research studies and clinical trials, been determined to be effective in treating a given cancer that has not responded or reoccurred after standard chemotherapy. In some cases, this may also be referred to as salvage therapy.
Secret Society of Archivists SSoA A secret organization of members that helps to organize the information on Smart Patients.
SEER The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program of the National Cancer Institute works to provide information on cancer statistics in an effort to reduce the burden of cancer among the U.S. population.
SeHCAT In SeHCAT imaging, a small amount of radioactive material is swallowed to measure the absorption of bile in the intestines and the speed of passage.
SEN Special Education Needs. A SEN Assessment is the process used to determine a child’s specific learning strengths and needs, and to determine whether or not a child is eligible for special education services.
septicemia blood poisoning, bacteremia, sepsis Septicemia (sepsis) is a rapid life threatening infection due to bacteria that move from an infected area to invade the bloodstream.
seronegative sero, sero-negative Seronegative means the results of a blood serum test are negative.
Seton seton A Seton stitch loops a surgical-grade cord through a fistula to provide a path for it to drain without closing up, which would hold in pus or infection. Hippocrates mentions this remedy.
SFA sfa, Sfa Sarcoma Foundation of America.
SFLC sflc Serum free light chains is a blood test to measure free light chains. (Light chains are a component of immunoglobulins. Free light chains are detached and floating around on their own in the bloodstream.)
SFPN sfpn, Sfpn Small fiber peripheral neuropathy. Sensations from this type of nerve damage vary greatly. Many cases have a medical cause, but SFPN can also be idiopathic (spontaneous in an individual for no known cause).
SFSN NLD-SFSN, NLDSFSN Small fiber sensory neuropathy causes the skin's sensing nerves to generate abnormal sensations. Length-dependent SFSN starts in the feet and moves upward. Non-length-dependent SFSN is all over the body, sometimes including the face.
SGA sga, Sga Substantial gainful activity generally refers to the amount of money a person is allowed to earn while receiving Social Security Disability Insurance and may also apply to Supplemental Security Income.
SGO The Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) is a national medical specialty organization of physicians, surgeons and healthcare professionals who are trained in the comprehensive management of women with malignancies of the reproductive tract.
shadow shadows, Shadow, Shadows In a report on an imaging study, a shadow is an unexplained and unspecified darkening of an area. It may indicate something is growing or occurring abnormally in that area.
Shands UF Health Shands Hospital is a teaching hospital of the University of Florida in Gainesville, Florida.
SHIP Every state in the USA has a Senior Health Insurance Program (sometimes called by a different name, like HICAP) to provide free Medicare advice to recipients and caregivers.
Shipley Shipley bladder-sparing, Shipley bladder preservation Shipley bladder preservation therapy treats invasive bladder cancer by combining surgery with chemoradiation to save the bladder.
Shone Shone's Complex Shone's Complex is a rare congenital heart disease in which there are multiple problems with the left side of the heart, which receives blood from the lungs and pumps it to the body. The valves and passageways are often too small or blocked.
SI si 1) Self injury, self-injuring. 2) Sacroiliac, the joints between the base of the spine and either side of the pelvis. 3) Staten Island, New York, USA.
sIBM SIBM Spontaneous inclusion body myositis is a rare inflammatory condition of the muscles, most noticeable in the arms and legs. Muscles gradually become weak and waste away.
SIBO SIBO (small intestinal bacterial overgrowth) is a chronic bacterial infection caused by abnormally high numbers of the bacteria normally found in the small intestine.
sicca The syndrome of very dry eyes and mouth. It may be accompanied by other connective-tissue diseases.
SIDS sids Sudden infant death syndrome, sometimes called crib death.
significant other SO, S.O. A person's dear one, life partner, spouse, etc.
SIL SiL, sil 1) Sister in law; the sister of one's spouse, or the wife of one's brother. 2) Son in law; the husband of one's daughter.
Single Group Assignment Describes a clinical trial in which all participants receive the same intervention.
Sir sir, SIR Sirolimus is a drug which can help with autoimmune conditions.
SIR-Spheres Sir-spheres, Sir-Spheres, sir-spheres, Sirsphere, Sirspheres SIR-Spheres® consists of tiny spheres of yttrium-90, a radioactive substance, that are injected into a tumor (usually liver) to treat cancer. Also see SIRT.
SIRS Systemic inflammatory response syndrome. A serious condition in which there is inflammation throughout the whole body. It may be caused by a severe bacterial infection (sepsis), trauma, or pancreatitis.
SIRT Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT) is a form of radiation therapy used in interventional radiology to treat cancer, particularly in the liver. Microspheres carrying radioactive material lodge in the tumor. SIR-Spheres and Theraspheres are the two currently available SIRT treatments.
Sjogrens Sjogren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disease in which white blood cells attack the patient's moisture-producing glands.
SJS SJ rash, SJ, Steven Johnson rash, Steven Johnson syndrome, Stevens Johnson rash, Stevens Johnson syndrome, SjS, Sjs, sjs 1) Stevens Johnson syndrome is usually a reaction to an infection or a medication. Its flu-like symptoms and severe rash are a medical emergency that can be life-threatening. 2) Non-standard abbrev. for Sjogren's syndrome (SS).
SK 1) Solar keratosis is actinic keratosis, possibly precancerous skin damage from sun exposure. 2) Sloan Kettering, noted cancer center in New York.
SLE Sle, sle Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune syndrome often referred to simply as lupus.
SLL Small lymphocytic lymphoma affects the same lymphocytes as chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The difference is in the primary location of the cancer. SLL is mainly in the lymph nodes. CLL/SLL are usually considered together.
SLNB SNB, SLN, sentinel A sentinel lymph node biopsy injects a dye to find which lymph node or nodes are first in line in the lymph drainage from a tumor. If cancer is found, more nodes are removed and examined.
SLP slp Speech and language pathologist or pathology.
SMA Superior mesenteric arteries.
SMC UTSMC University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center is located in Dallas, Texas, USA.
SMH smh Internet acronym for "shaking my head."
SMM smm, Smm, sMM Smoldering multiple myeloma (smoldering myeloma, indolent myeloma or asymptomatic myeloma) is a very slow-growing type of myeloma. Often it is a very early phase of myeloma devoid of symptoms, but a bone marrow biopsy shows definite evidence of myeloma.
SMT Symptom Management Team (SMT) is an alternative name for Palliative Care.
SNF SNF stands for skilled nursing facility. The care is more medically oriented than in a nursing home which aims for maintenance.
SNMA The Student National Medical Association (SNMA) is one of the USA's oldest and largest independent, student-run organization focused on the needs and concerns of black medical students.
SNOMED The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine (SNOMED) is a systematic, computer-processable collection of medical terms, in human and veterinary medicine, which allows a consistent way to index, store, retrieve, and aggregate medical data across specialties and sites of care.
snp snps, SNPs, SNP Pronounced "snip," SNP stands for single nucleotide polymorphism, a copying error that occurs when DNA splits. SNPs might be unnoticeable or can influence a person's appearance or health.
SNRI Snri, snri A seratonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor is a type of anti-depressant.
SNS sns Supplemental nursing system of breastfeeding.
SOB sob, s.o.b., S.O.B Shortness Of Breath. Also, short of breath.
SOC Soc, SoC, soc Standard of care.
somatic referring to the cells of the body in contrast to the germ line cells. Somatic nervous system, the portion of the vertebrate nervous system which regulates voluntary movements of the body.
SOP Standard Operating Procedure. Written instructions for doing a specific task in a certain way. In clinical trials, SOPs are set up to store records, collect data, screen and enroll subjects.
SOV The superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) provides an alternative venous access for the treatment of carotid-cavernous fistulae. Source: National Center for Biotechnology Information.
SP s/p 1) The Smart Patients website. 2) "Status post"means one's "condition after" (a disease, a procedure, etc.).
Space holder Holder
SPB Solitary plasmacytoma of bone: a bone malignancy composed of a single clone of plasma cells, but lacking any other signs of multiple myeloma.
SPEP SPE, spe, Spe Serum protein electrophoresis (SPEP) is a laboratory test that examines specific proteins in the blood. SPEP is used to test a person's M-Spike by separating the blood proteins to detect the presence of monoclonal proteins.
SPF Sun Protection Factor rates how well a sunblock protects against UVB rays. It doesn't measure protection against UltraViolet-A rays.
splenectomy Surgical removal of the spleen
splenunculus Splenunculus, splenunculi, Splenunculi, Splenules, splenules, Splenule, splenule An accessory spleen or supernumerary spleen is a nodule of spleen tissue separate from the main organ. This can be confusing in medical imaging. If the spleen is removed to treat a problem, accessory spleens must also be removed.
SPM SPMs, S4PM 1) Society for Participatory Medicine. 2) Secondary primary malignancy, a new (different) cancer that develops after a patient has had cancer.
SPMS Secondary progressive multiple sclerosis occurs when there are no more partial recoveries in relapsing and remitting sclerosis.
spondylolisthesis spondylothesis, SPL Spondylolisthesis is the forward displacement of a vertebra most commonly occurring after a break or fracture.
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection SCAD Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a very rare cause of acute coronary syndromes in young otherwise healthy patients with a striking predilection for the female gender.
SPOP spop, Spop SPOP is a protein in the nucleus of cells that suppresses tumor growth. If it is forced out of the nucleus into the cytoplasm of the cell, SPOP has the opposite effect and stimulates rapid tumor growth and proliferation.
SPORE Spore A Specialized Program of Research Excellence gets an annual research grant from the National Cancer Institute (part of the USA's National Institutes of Health).
spot Spot, spots, Spots A non-specific term for an abnormality, often a small one, seen on imaging studies. It could indicate a growth, an injury, a walling-off of infection, etc.
spread An informal cancer term meaning metastasis (plural, metastases), the occurrence of cancer in an organ or area where it did not originate; or to metastasize, to move into different locations.
SR Spontaneous remission; a medical condition disappears without treatment.
SRCC Sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (SRCC) is currently defined as any histologic type of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) containing foci of high-grade malignant spindle cells.
SRM Small renal mass (small unidentified mass in the kidney).
SRS Srs, srs 1) Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy: a type of radionuclide scan used to find carcinoid and other types of tumors. 2) Stereotactic Radiosurgery: a form of radiation therapy that focuses high-power energy on a small area of the body
SS 1) Sjogren's syndrome. 2) Shear stress describes certain effects of forces in blood circulation. 3) Social Security. 4) A screen shot is a picture of what's on a computer screen.
SSA SSa, Ssa, ssA, ssa, SS-A, SS-a, ss-a, Ss-a, Ss-A 1) The United States Social Security Administration administers Social Security that provides retirement, disability, and survivors' benefits. 2) An antibody test that can help diagnose Sjogren's syndrome.
SSB ssb, Ssb, ssB, SS-B, Ss-B, SS-b, ss-B An antibody test that can help diagnose Sjogren's syndrome.
SSDI SSD, ssd, ssdi Social Security Disability Insurance is a payroll tax-funded, federal insurance program of the United States government managed by the Social Security Administration.
SSF Sjogren's Syndrome Foundation.
SSP ssp, Ssp The Scientist<-->Survivor Program creates lasting bonds among researchers, cancer patients, and patient advocates at various scientific meetings of the AACR (American Association for Cancer Research).
SSRI ssri, SSRIs Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a fairly new class of antidepressants. Prozac (fluoxetine), manufactured by Ely Lilly Company, is an SSRI. SSRIs have been useful in treating many anxiety-related illnesses including panic disorder (PD).
SSTR Somatostatin receptor.
SSTR2 Somatostatin receptor 2 is present in some neuroendocrine tumors (carcinoid tumors).
Stable stabile, stability Stable or Stability is the quality of being free from change or variation or not taking part readily in chemical change. Stability also means less than 20% increase in tumor size from baseline.
Staging Stage, stage, stages Performing exams and tests to learn the extent of the cancer within the body, especially whether the disease has spread from the original site to other parts of the body. It is important to know the stage of the disease in order to plan the best treatment.
STD STDI, std, Std 1) Short Term Disabilty (insurance). 2) Sexual Transmitted Disease. 3) Abbreviation for standard.
steatorrhea Bowel movements that contain abnormally high amounts of fat due to reduced fat absorption in the intestine.
stenosis A stenosis is an abnormal narrowing in a blood vessel or other tubular organ or structure
stent Stent, Stents, stents, stent's, Stent's A stent is a small mesh tube that is inserted to treat narrow or weak passages like arteries or the esophagus.
Stevens Stevens-Johnson Stevens-Johnson syndrome is an immune-complex–mediated hypersensitivity complex that typically involves the skin and the mucous membranes. It can manifest due to an allergic reaction to medications.
Stevens Johnson Syndrome This is a very serious, rare condition where the mucous membranes as well as the skin respond severely to infection or drugs.
STFU An internet abbreviation suggesting (with an impolite addition) that an author should shut up. Used when the author's material is insulting, not believable, etc.
STIR STIR (short term inversion recovery or short T1 inversion recovery) is an MRI technique which does not show fat in the image.
stomaphagus Surgical result of removing the cancerous esophagus and moving the stomach upwards to attach.
STS Sts, sts STS stands for soft-tissue sarcoma.
STTN Sleeping through the night, an important part of infant development.
SU2C Stand Up to Cancer (SU2C) is a charitable program of the Entertainment Industry Foundation (EIF).
subq Subq, subQ, SubQ, sub-q, Sub-q, sub-Q, Sub-Q, SQ, sq Subcutaneous, directly under the skin. Often refers to a type of injection.
subtraction Subtraction Term used in CT and MRI imaging when an image without contrast is subtracted from an image with contrast to give a higher resolution image
Supplemental Security Income SSI, ssi SSI provides an income for disabled people who do not have enough work history to qualify for Social Security Disability on their own or through a qualified parent's account.
Surgical menopause Surgical menopause occurs when the ovaries are removed before a woman has gone through menopause naturally. This procedure is called an oophorectomy.
Sutent sutent, sunitinib, su011248 Sutent (sunitinib) is an oral targeted therapy used to treat kidney cancer, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors.
SUV suv, Suv, SUVs, SUV's Standard uptake value, the amount of contrast taken up by normal tissue during a scan, especially a PET scan. (In comparison, more uptake for tissue with overactive metabolism, typically cancer; no uptake for dead tissue.)
SVD A semi-vegetarian (SVD) or flexitarian diet is one that is plant-based with the occasional inclusion of meat products.
SVHD systemic vasculitis (SV) - high-density (HD)
SVT Supraventricular tachycardia is an abnormally fast heart rate (tachycardia, or a heart rate above 100 beats per minute) caused by electrical impulses that originate above the heart's ventricles.
SW 1) Social worker. 2) Southwest.
Swank Swank Diet, Swank diet Dr. Roy Swank developed the Swank diet for multiple sclerosis in 1949.
Sx SX, sx, sxs, SXs 1) The abbreviation for Surgery. 2) The abbreviation for Symptom(s).
Sylvant siltuximab Sylvant (siltuximab) is used to treat multicentric Castleman's disease that is not related to infection from HIV or herpesvirus8.
Sylvester Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center is located in Miami, Florida, and is part of the University of Miami health system.
synchronous Occurring at the same time; existing at the same time.
systemic 1) Affecting the whole rather than only a part. 2) Systemic treatment uses substances that travel throughout the bloodstream to the whole body.
T Cell T cell, T-cell, t-cell A type of white blood cell. T cells are part of the immune system and develop from stem cells in the bone marrow.
T-1 T 1, T-1s, T-1's, T 1s, T 1's Type 1 diabetes patient(s).
T1D t1d, t1D, T1d, T1DM T1D is type 1 diabetes. (T1DM means type 1 diabetes mellitus.)
T2D t2d, t2D T2D means type 2 diabetes.
T3 Triiodothyronine (T3) is a thyroid hormone. It plays an important role in the body's control of metabolism. A laboratory test can be done to measure the amount of T3 in your blood.
T4 Thyroxine an iodine-containing hormone secreted by the thyroid gland. Total T4 and free T4 are two separate tests that can help a doctor evaluate thyroid function.
T790M The mutant gene found when cancer develops resistance to an EGFR inhibiting drug.
TAC Tac, tac 1) Chemotherapy combining Taxotere, Adriamycin, and cyclophosphamide. 2) Tacrolimus is a drug which can help with autoimmune problems. 3) A variant acronym for CAT scan.
TACE TACE is transarterial chemoembolization or transcatheter arterial chemoembolization. Tiny particles coated with chemotherapy are injected to cut off the blood supply to a tumor while delivering chemo.
tachycardia A resting heart rate of over 100 beats per minute is considered tachycardia (too rapid heartbeat).
TAH Total abdominal hysterectomy is removal of the uterus including the cervix. It is most often done along with BSO or bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, in which the ovary and fallopian tube on both sides is also removed.
TAH-BSO tah-bso, TAHBSO Total Abdominal Hysterectomy-Bilateral Salpingo-Oophorectomy. The total removal of the uterus including the cervix as well as the fallopian tubes and ovaries.
talc Sterilized medical talc (similar to talcum powder) is used in pleurodesis to prevent fluid buildup around the lungs. After the effusion is drained, talc is sprayed through a tube into the pleural space to seal the membranes to the lungs.
TAM TAM's, TAMs, tam, tam's, tams, Tam, Tam's, Tams Tumor-associated or tumor-assisted macrophages are non-cancer cells within or near a tumor. They help the cancer by eating other immune-system cells that come to attack.
TAPVR The congenital heart defect TAPVR is Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return, in which the pulmonary veins are wrongly attached to other veins to deliver their oxygen-enriched blood into the right atrium (which should receive only oxygen-depleted blood).
tardive Delayed.
Targeted Guided Imagery TGI, tgi TGI is a new concept using guided imagery for a specific targeted cancer therapy - in this case, Sutent for kidney cancer - to maximize the benefits of both.
targeted therapy A drug that does not kill cancer cells but that blocks a molecular pathway to inhibit the cell's function or reproduction.
TB Tb, tb Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that usually infects the lungs, but can attack almost any part of the body.
TBH Tbh, tbh Internet abbreviation for "to be honest."
TBI Tbi, tbi 1) Total body irradiation is sometimes used to prepare a person to receive new stem cells without interference from old cells. 2) Traumatic brain injury is injury to the brain from an external physical force.
TC tc, Tarlov 1) A chemo combination of Taxotere (docetaxel) and cyclophosphamide for breast cancer. 2) Dr. Toni Choueiri, an RCC expert oncologist in Boston, MA, USA. 3) A Tarlov cyst (sacral nerve root cyst) is a dilation of the nerve sheath filled with cerebrospinal fluid. 4) European abbrev. for CT scan.
TCC tcc Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) also also called urothelial cell carcinoma or UCC) is a type of cancer that typically occurs in the urinary system: the kidney, urinary bladder, and accessory organs.
TCE 1) Tethered capsule endoscope examines tissue in the esophagus using a tiny capsule with a laser scanner inside and a very thin cord attached which the patient swallows. 2) Trichloroethylene is a common industrial solvent which can cause cancer.
TCGA The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network works to determine genetic mutations of all sorts that play a role in development of cancer.
TCM Traditional Chinese Medicine or Oriental Medicine.
TCOYD Taking Control Of Your Diabetes is a non-profit educational organization.
TCR T cell receptor (TCR) gene therapy is an experimental cancer treatment.
TD Tardive dyskinesia is a serious side effect of neuroleptic drugs. TD can cause abnormal, involuntary movements of the mouth, jaw, tongue, and fingers.
TDY tdy An Army abbreviation for "temporary duty assignment."
TE te, Te 1) Tracheal-esophageal: involving both the windpipe and the gullet. 2) Telotristat etiprate: experimental drug which may be FDA approved in Feb. 2017 to treat carcinoid and neuroendocrine tumors.
Teal Sister The color of the awareness ribbon for ovarian cancer is teal. "Teal Sisters" is the term used to denote women who come together for support and fellowship in the face of ovarian cancer.
telangiectasia telangiectasias, teleangiectasis Telangiectasia, also known as spider veins or angioectasias, occurs when small blood vessels dilate or break near the surface of the skin and become visible as thin, spidery lines.
telomere telomeres Telomeres are chromosome end-caps which protect against deterioration and fusion with other chromosomes. They shorten as they age.
temporomandibular joint disorder TMJ, tmj, Tmj, TMD, tmd The joint connecting each side of the jawbone to the skull and the surrounding muscles can be a source of pain, popping, locking, and other joint disorders.
TEN Total Enteral Nutrition is nourishment given through a tube or stoma directly into the small intestine, thus bypassing the upper digestive tract.
TENS tens Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a procedure in which mild electric currents are applied to some areas of the skin using an electrical TENS unit with sticky electrode pads.
TEP TracheoEsophageal Puncture can be done after removal of the larynx if the patient chooses a voice prosthesis to regain speech.
TGA The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) is Australia's regulatory authority for therapeutic goods.
TgAB Thyroglobulin antibody.
TGH Toronto General Hospital, part of the University Hospital Network in Toronto, Canada.
Thal THAL, thal Thalidomide is a type of drug called an immunomodulator. This means it works by altering the immune system or the body's ability to fight disease.
thalidomide Thalomid, Thal-, Thal - Thalomid (thalidomide) is an older immune-inhibiting drug (imid). It is famous for causing missing limbs as a birth defect and must not be taken during pregnancy.
THC TCH, thc, Thc Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main psychoactive compound in marijuana. It can be useful in treating pain, nausea, and fatigue.
THD Transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization is a repair procedure affecting the blood flow into hemorrhoids.
THE TransHiatal Esophagectomy. Surgery to remove all or part of the esophagus.
Thrombus thrombus, embolism, Embolism A thrombus is a blood clot that forms in a vessel and remains there. An embolism is a clot that travels from the site where it formed to another location in the body.
thyca Abbrev for thyroid cancer, pronounced THIGH-cah.
Thymectomy A thymectomy is surgery to remove the thymus gland. This gland is located behind the breastbone. The thymus gland helps immune cell growth.
thyroglobulin Tg Thyroglobulin (Tg) is produced only by thyroid tissue. Testing for Tg may indicate if thyroid tumor tissue is still present after the thyroid has been removed.
TIA TIAs, TIA's, tia, tia's, Tia 1) A transient ischemic attack produces symptoms similar to a stroke, usually lasting only a few minutes with no permanent damage. Sometimes called a mini stroke, a TIA warns that stroke is possible. 2) Internet abbreviation for "thanks in advance."
TILs Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes.
tinnitus Ringing or buzzing in the ears; the hearing of noise where there is none. Head noise.
TJUH TJH Thomas Jefferson University Hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
TKI TKIs, TKI's, tki, tkis, tki's, Tki, Tkis, Tki's Tyrosine-kinase inhibitor, a pharmaceutical drug that inhibits tyrosine kinases. Examples include Sutent, Votrient and others. Sometimes inaccurately called "oral chemotherapy". A more accurate name is "targeted therapy."
TLC 1) Tender loving care. 2) The Learning Channel on cable television.
TLS A sudden large die-off of cancerous cells can cause tumor lysis syndrome, a serious chemical imbalance arising from dead cells or their contents dumped into the bloodstream.
TM tm, Tm 1) Transverse myelitis: a rare inflammatory disease causing mild to major injury to the spinal cord and parts of the nervous system. 2) Tracheomalacia: a non-rigid windpipe that collapses and prevents easy breathing. 3) Tetrathiomolybdate: a drug to reduce the body's stored copper. 4) Transcendental meditation.
TMA 1) Transverse Myelitis Association. 2) The Myositis Association. 3) Thrombotic microangiopathy is unwanted clotting in very small blood vessels.
TMI 1) Total marrow irradiation which wipes out the bone marrow completely before it is replaced by transplant. 2) Internet shorthand for "Too Much Information".
TMS Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a procedure that uses magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain to improve symptoms of depression.
TMZ Tmz, tmz, temozolomide, Temodar, Temodal Temozolomide is an oral or intravenous drug that crosses the blood brain barrier to kill cancer cells in the brain.
TN tn, Tn Trigeminal neuralgia is burning, stabbing pain occurring along the trigeminal nerve in the head.
TNBC triple negative Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) means the three most common types of receptors known to fuel most breast cancer growth–estrogen, progesterone, and the HER-2/neu gene– are not present in the cancer tumor.
TNE Transnasal esophagoscopy is a procedure to examine your esophagus by inserting a thin, flexible camera tube into your nose and down into your throat.
TNM Cancer staging can be divided into a clinical stage and a pathologic stage. In the TNM (Tumor, Node, Metastasis) system, clinical stage and pathologic stage are denoted by a small "c" or "p" before the stage (e.g., cT3N1M0 or pT2N0).
TO 1) Texas Oncology. 2) Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
TOBI Tobi, tobi TOBI (tobramycin inhalation solution) is an inhaled antibiotic medication. It is used to treat Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections in people with CF.
TOF Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a group of four congenital heart defects which often occur together.
tomography computed tomography Computed tomography is the technology behind CT scanning.
tonsillolith tonsilith, tonsolith A tonsillolith or tonsil stone is foul-smelling calcified material gathered in a crevice of the tonsil (crypt) and often protruding as a small whitish-yellow mass.
TOO ToO Tincture of opium, prescribed to relieve diarrhea. It works by slowing down the activity of the intestines.
TORS Transoral robotic surgery - Surgery in which a robot with arms is used to remove cancer from hard-to-reach areas of the mouth and throat. Cameras attached to the robot give a 3-dimensional (3D) image that a surgeon can see.
Tortuous tortuous Full of twists, turns, or bends; twisting, winding, or crooked. (NOT torturous, which means "like undergoing torture.")
TP tp, Tp, TPs 1) An informal abbreviation for transplant. 2) Temperature and (blood) pressure. 3) Toilet paper.
TPA TPA, tPA, PLAT Tissue Plasminogen Activator (abbreviated tPA or PLAT) is a protein involved in the breakdown of blood clots.
TPC Tpc, tpc Treating physician's choice, a term used in clinical trials.
TPI Trigger points are focal areas of muscle spasm, often located in the upper back and shoulder areas. A trigger point injection (TPI) involves the injection of medication directly into the trigger point.
TPN Total parenteral nutrition. A form of nutrition that is delivered into a vein which provides all of the protein, calories, vitamins and minerals a person needs . TPN does not use the digestive system.
Trach trach Tracheostomy is a surgical procedure to create an opening in the neck for direct access to the trachea (the breathing tube). "Trach" also can refer to the curved tube that is inserted into a tracheostomy.
tracheomalacia Tracheomalacia Weak and floppy windpipe walls which can cause problems breathing as well as noisy breathing.
tracheoscopy Examination of the interior of the trachea
transit in-transit In transit metastases: Melanoma metastases on or under the skin farther than 2cm from the primary lesion, still in the same region of lymph nodes but not in the lymph nodes themselves. Arbitrarily, such metastases less than 2cm from the primary lesion are called satellite lesions and regarded as local recurrence of the cancer.
transsphenoidal transsphenoid, transphenoidal, transphenoid Transsphenoidal procedures access the pituitary at the front edge of the brain by going through the nose, the sphenoid bone, and the sphenoid sinus.
tRCC trcc, TRCC Translocation renal cell carcinoma (tRCC) is a rare subtype of kidney cancer involving the TFEB/TFE3 genes.
TRE Tension and trauma release exercises.
trisomy trisomies Trisomy is an abnormality caused by three copies of a chromosome (or part of a chromosome) instead of two.
TRIUMF TRIUMF is the Canadian national laboratory for particle physics and nuclear physics in Vancouver, British Columbia.
TRM Marsden The Royal Marsden is a world-leading cancer centre specialising in diagnosis, treatment, care, education and research located in London, England. Also abbreviated RMH (Royal Marsden Hospital).
troponin About 12 hours after damage to heart muscles, troponin T and troponin I are released into the bloodstream. Troponin tests help detect and evaluate heart injury.
TRT Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) combines sound therapy with various other approaches to relieve tinnitus (hearing of noise where there is none), hyperacusis (oversensitivity to sounds), and related symptoms.
TSA Transportation Security Agency (TSA) is an agency of the US Department of Homeland Security that exercises authority over the security of the traveling public in the USA. Examples are airlines/airports, railways, ships, etc.
TSH Thyroid-stimulating hormone (also known as thyrotropin or TSH) is a hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce chemicals which stimulates the metabolism of almost every tissue in the body.
TT 1) Total Therapy is a treatment approach for multiple myeloma used by the Myeloma Institute of UAMS (University of Arkansas Medical School). 2) Total thyroidectomy. 3) Tumorous thrombosis. 4) Tourist Trophy motorcycle race and racecourse on the Isle of Man.
TTC ttc Try(ing) to conceive.
TTE TransThoracic Esophagectomy. Surgery to remove all or part of the esophagus.
TTP 1) Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, a blood disorder in which small blood clots form in small blood vessels. The clotting leads to a low platelet count. 2) Time to progression: The time from diagnosis or treatment until a disease starts to get worse or spread.
TTR ATTR, transthyretin, familial amyloid polyneuropathy TTR refers to transthyretin-related amyloidosis, a hereditary condition in which amyloid slowly builds up in the body and in the liver. There are three kinds: neuropathic, leptomeningeal or oculoleptomeningeal, and cardiac.
TUG The Timed Up and Go test time needed after "go" to rise from a chair, walk 3 meters, turn around, walk back, and sit down again, using any normal mobility aids and footwear. Often used to assess Parkinson's patients.
Tui na tui na, Tui Na, Tui, tuina Tui na or tuina is a hands-on body treatment in with the practitioner uses a range of motion, traction, and massage, with the stimulation of acupressure points.
Tumor tumors, tumour, tumours Tumor: An abnormal mass of tissue. Tumors are a classic sign of inflammation, and can be benign or malignant (cancerous). There are dozens of different types of tumors.
Tumor Load Tumor Load refers to the number of cancer cells, the size of a tumor, or the amount of cancer in the body.
TURB TURBs, TURB's, turb, turbs, turb's, Turb, Turbs, Turb's, TURBT, TURBTs, TURBT'S, turbt, turbts, turbt's, TUR Trans-urethral resection of bladder tumors is a surgical technique to remove small, shallow, non-invasive tumors from the bladder or to take sections of larger tumors for biopsy.
TURP Turp, turp TURP is a trans-urethral resection of the prostate gland, a less-invasive way of reducing benign prostate enlargement.
TVE Transvenous embolization, a procedure in which a blood vessel is deliberately blocked via a vein.
TVUS Transvaginal ultrasound.
TW tw, Tw 1) TW indicates a trigger warning so readers sensitive to discussions of that issue can avoid reading about it. 2) TW or Texas Wedge was the nickname of member Trevor Powell.
Tx tx 1) Medical abbreviation for Treatment 2) Internet slang for Thanks.
TX The state of Texas.
txplant Transplant.
UA Urinalysis (laboratory analysis of urine).
UAB Uab, uab The University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) Health System is an academic medical center located in Birmingham, Alabama (USA).
UAMS Uams, uams University of Arkansas Medical School, home of a leading myeloma institute.
UC Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a disease that causes inflammation and sores (ulcers) in the lining of the large intestine (colon camera.gif). It usually affects the lower section (sigmoid colon) and the rectum. But it can affect the entire colon.
UCC 1) Urothelial cell carcinoma is a common type of kidney cancer. 2) Uterine cervical cancer is a malignant neoplasm arising from cells originating in the cervix uteri.
UCH uch 1) University College Hospital (UCH) is a teaching hospital located in London, United Kingdom. 2) The University of Colorado Cancer Center at UCH (University of Colorado Health) is one of only 41 NCI-designated Comprehensive Cancer Centers in the nation and is the only such center within an 850-mile radius of the Denver area.
UCI CFCCC The University of California, Irvine (UCI) Cancer Center is a university-based cancer center. It is also an NCI-designated cancer center and received comprehensive cancer center status. It has been renamed in honor of the Chao family as the Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center (CFCCC).
UCL UCLH University College London (UCL) is a public research university in London, England, and the oldest and largest constituent college of the federal University of London.
UCLA The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public research university located in Los Angeles, California, United States. The Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center (also commonly referred to as UCLA Medical Center) is a hospital located on the campus.
UCSF The University of California, San Francisco ( UCSF), is a center of health sciences research, patient care, and education; located in San Francisco, California.
UCTD Undifferentiated connective tissue disease is a serious condition which has symptoms that do not quite match any defined connective tissue disease.
UCUM Unified Code for Units of Measure.
UDN Udn, udn An ugly duckling nevus is a nevus mole that looks different from the patient's other nevi. UDNs should be examined.
UDS Undifferentiated Sarcoma (UDS)
UHN University Health Network, a group of hospitals in Toronto, Canada.
UIC University of Illinois at Chicago.
UK United Kingdom. United Kingdom is an island country comprised of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland.
ULMS Ulms Uterine leiomyosarcoma.
ULN Uln, uln Upper limit of normal, a medical abbreviation used with lab test results.
ULQ Ulq, ulq, LUQ, Luq, luq Upper left quadrant of the torso.
UMCCC University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.
UMD The University of Maryland (a state on the eastern seaboard of the USA) has a medical campus in Baltimore, MD.
UMKC University of Missouri - Kansas City.
UML uncompacted myelin lamella, uncompacted myelin lamellae Uncompacted myelin lamellae occurs when a nerve's myelin layer(s) spread out and loosen, becoming less dense and less effective in shielding the nerve.
UMMD University of Maryland Medical Center (UMMD) is located in downtown Baltimore, Maryland, USA. It is home to the University of Maryland Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Cancer Center, the R Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, the University of Maryland Children's Hospital and the University of Maryland Division of Transplantation.
UNC University of North Carolina (UNC) located in Chapel Hill, NC, USA has recently (2014) opened the country’s first freestanding perinatal inpatient psychiatry unit to provide private, state of the art, specialty care for women suffering from severe PPD psychiatric issues.
UNMC University of Nebraska Medical Center.
UNMH UNM, UNMCC University of New Mexico Hospitals has a cancer center in Albuquerque.
Unnas Unna, unna Unna's boot is a compression dressing for varicose veins or ulcers consisting of a paste made of zinc oxide, gelatin, glycerin, and water that is applied to the lower leg. Sometimes referred to as a "soft cast".
UNOS unos United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) is the private, non-profit organization that manages the nation's organ transplant system under contract with the federal government.
UofL The University of Louisville is part of the state university system in Kentucky.
UofM UM, U of M U of M can refer to University of Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, or Montana, and also Miami. (UMaine, UMass, Mississippi, and Missouri don't use U of M or UM.)
UPEP Urine Protein Electrophoresis is a test that estimates how much of certain proteins you have in your urine.
UPJ Ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction is defined as an obstruction of the flow of urine from the renal pelvis to the proximal ureter.
UPMC University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) is a health care provider and insurer based in Pittsburgh, Pa. UPMC operates 22 academic, community, and specialty hospitals and 400 outpatient sites.
UPS upS, Ups, MFH, Mfh, mfh Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma. Previously known as "malignant fibrous histiocytoma."
UPSC papillary serous uterine adenocarcinoma Uterine serous carcinoma (USC), also known as uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC) and uterine serous adenocarcinoma, is an uncommon, aggressive subtype of endometrial cancer that typically arises in postmenopausal women.
URQ urq, Urq, RUQ, Ruq, ruq Upper right quadrant of the torso.
URTI Upper respiratory tract infection.
US 1) Ultrasound is a safe and painless procedure that produces pictures of the inside of the body using sound waves. 2) United States of America.
USA United States of America or Union of South Africa.
USC 1) Uterine serous carcinoma. 2) University of Southern California.
USD United States dollars, also called American dollars.
USMD USMD Health System serves the metropolitan area of Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas.
USPSTF U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF or Task Force) is an independent group of national experts in prevention and evidence-based medicine that works to improve the health Americans by making evidence-based recommendations about clinical preventive services.
UT The University of Texas system has eight universities and six health institutions located throughout the state.
UTI uti,UTIs Urinary tract infection.
UTMG University of Tennessee Medical Group.
UTSW University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center is in Dallas, Texas.
UTUC Upper tract urothelial carcinoma is the more current name for transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the renal pelvis and ureter.
UVA UVa University of Virginia in the United States.
UVJ The ureterovesical junction is where the ureter joins the bladder.
UVM University of Vermont College of Medicine.
UW University of Washington (far northwestern US state).
V-tach Ventricular tachycardia is a heartbeat that is too rapid but regular in rhythm.
VA va 1) The US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides patient care and federal benefits to veterans and their dependents. 2) Virginia.
VAC Vac, vac Vincristine, Actinomycin D and Cyclophosphamide (VAC) is a combination of chemotherapy used to treat sarcoma.
VAD vad Vincristine, adriamycin (Doxorubicin), and dexamethasone is a drug combination formerly used to treat resistant and relapsing multiple myeloma.
VAMP CVAMP Infused vincristine and adriamycin (doxorubicin) with high dose methylprednisolone (VAMP) chemotherapy. CVAMP adds Cyclophosphamide.
Vanco vanco Vancomycin, a powerful antibiotic which is delivered intravenously.
Vanderbilt Vandy Vanderbilt University, colloquially known as Vandy, is a private research university and medical center located in Nashville, Tennessee, United States.
varicocele A varicocele is swelling of the scrotum due to enlarged veins (similar to varicose veins), often just on one side of the scrotum.
VAS Visual analog scale. A tool used to help a person rate the intensity of certain sensations and feelings, such as pain. The visual analog scale for pain is a straight line with one end meaning no pain and the other end meaning the worst pain imaginable.
vascularity Vascularity: Having many or visibly prominent blood vessels.
vascularization vascularisation Formation of extra blood vessels; blood vessels forming in places they don't normally belong.
vasoconstrictor vasoconstrictors, Vasoconstrictor, Vasoconstrictors Anything that causes blood vessels to temporarily become narrower (constrict).
VATS Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a type of thoracic surgery performed using a small video camera that is introduced into the patient's chest via a scope.
VBA Veterans Benefits Administration.
VBAC Vaginal birth after cesarean.
VBT vbt Vaginal brachytherapy places a radiation source within the vagina to treat it with radiation.
VC vc 1) Informal abbreviation for vocal cord. 2) Vital capacity, the maximum amount of air a person can breathe out after taking the deepest breath possible. 3) Vietnam Conflict. Period for VA recognition is from February 28, 1961 – May 7, 1975.
VCE vce, Vce, PillCam In a video-capsule endoscopy (VCE or PillCam), the patient fasts or gets a bowel cleanse and then swallows a jelly-bean-size pill containing a video camera. It transmits images to a recording belt which allows the patient to leave the scanning center. VCE provides images throughout the small intestine.
VCF VCFs Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are the most common fracture in patients with osteoporosis. VCFs occur when the bony block or vertebral body in the spine collapses. While osteoporosis is the most common cause, these fractures may also be caused by trauma or metastatic tumors.
vcp VCP Informal abbreviation for vocal cord paralysis.
VCU Virginia Commonwealth University.
VD Vd, vd 1) Velcade and dexamethasone. 2) Vitamin D. 3) Venereal disease.
VD-PACE vd-pace A combination of drugs for multiple myeloma that includes velcade, dexamethasone, cisplatin, adriamycin (doxorubicine), cyclophosphamide, and etoposide.
VDT vdt Velcade, dexamethasone, and thalidomide is a drug combo used to treat multiple myeloma.
VDTPACE VDT PACE, VDT-PACE, vdtpace, vdt-pace A treatment for multiple myeloma containing velcade, dexamethasone, thalidomide, cisplatin, adriamycin (doxorubicine), cyclophosphamide, and etoposide.
VEDS vEDS Vascular Ehlers Danlos (VEDS) is characterized by possible arterial or organ rupture as a result of spontaneous rupture of vessels or organs due to the result of even minor trauma. The Vascular Type of EDS is the most serious form of Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.
VEGF VEGf, vegf Vascular endothelial growth factor. A protein made by cells that stimulates new blood vessel formation.
VEGFR TKI Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor: A substance that blocks an enzyme needed to form blood vessels.
Vel vel, Val, val Short for Velcade (bortezomib), a drug often used to treat multiple myeloma.
Velcade Valcade, Vel-, Vel -, bortezomib Velcade (bortezomib) is a proteasome inhibitor used in multiple myeloma and POEMS to block proteasomes from breaking down proteins within cells.
Velcade dexamethasone and cyclophosphamide vcd, VCD, VCd, VDC, Vdc, vdc, VDc, CyBorD, Cybord, cybord, CyBord, CyborD, CyBorDe, cyborde, Cyborde, cybor, cybor-d, Cybordex, cybordex, velcade dexamethasone and cyclophosphamide The combination of Velcade, dexamethasone, and cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) is used to treat multiple myeloma. Also called CyBorD: cyclophosphamide, bortezomib (Velcade), and dexamethasone.
Venothromboembolism Formation of an unwanted blood clot in the lungs or deep veins
vesicle In the body, a small sac or cavity filled with fluid or air.
VEST Vest, vest, HFCWO The High-frequency Chest Wall Oscillation (HFCWO) also called the Vest or Oscillator is an inflatable vest which is attached to a machine that vibrates it at high frequency. The vest vibrates the chest to loosen and thin mucus.
VGH Vancouver General Hospital in British Columbia, Canada.
VGNCR "Very good near-complete response" is an evaluation used in multiple myeloma.
VGPR vgpr, VGPRs, VGPR's, vgprs, vgpr's, VGR, vgr, VGRs, vgrs, VGR's, vgr's Very good partial response, a rating of response in multiple myeloma.
VHL Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome is an inherited disorder characterized by the formation of tumors and fluid-filled sacs (cysts) in many different parts of the body. Tumors may be either noncancerous or cancerous and most frequently appear during young adulthood.
VIP 1) VIP combines VePesid (etoposide), ifosfamide, and Platinol (cisplatin) to treat testicular cancer. 2) Vasoactive intestinal peptide is elevated in people with VIPoma.
VIPoma vipoma, Vipoma VIPoma is a very rare form of neuroendocrine tumor that secretes vasoactive intestinal peptide.
Virotherapy Virotherapy, virotherapy A treatment using biotechnology to convert viruses into therapeutic agents by reprogramming viruses to treat diseases
vitro Vitro is Latin for glass. In vitro refers to pre-clinical laboratory tests done on slides for microscopes, in Petri dishes, in test tubes, or other laboratory equipment instead of living creatures.
vivo Vivo is Latin for alive, living. In vivo refers to clinical tests or trials using any kind of whole living subjects, whether plant or animal or human. (Human testing is usually specifically referred to as human, however.)
VL Very low.
VLC vlc Volunteer Leadership Conference, part of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation.
VLCKD Very low carbohydrate ketonic diet.
VM 1) Vasculogenic mimicry: in RCC, the formation of PAS-positive (periodic acid-Schiff positive) patterns which resemble blood vessels. 2) Voice Mail. Spoken messages recorded for playback.
VMP Vmp, vmp A therapy for multiple myeloma which combines bortezomib (Velcade), melphalan, and prednisone.
VNG test Vng, vng Videonystymography testing relates eye tracking to the ears' vestibular functioning and balance.
VOA Virginia Oncology Associates.
VOT Vot, vot, V.O.T., v.o.t. 1) VOT stands for vital organ testing, a series of lengthy and rigorous medical tests done to assure a patient's capability to undergo stem cell transplant. 2) (Rare) Verification of treatment.
VP-16 VP16, vp16, vp-16 VP-16 is another name for the chemotherapy drug etoposide.
VPd vpd, Vpd, vPd, VKd, vkd, Vkd, vKd A combination treatment using Velcade, Pomalyst, and dexamethasone for multiple myeloma.
VQ scan vq, Vq, V/Q, v/q A V/Q scan measures ventilation (to see if air can reach all parts of the lungs) and perfusion (to see how well blood is circulating in the lungs).
VRD VRd, Vrd, vrd bortezomib (Velcade), lenalidomide (Revlimid), and dexamethasone is a treatment protocol for multiple myeloma (MM).
VRE Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) refers to bacteria that is resistant to vancomycin.
VSD Ventricular septal defect, a hole in the heart in the wall (septum) between the heart's two lower chambers (ventricles).
VSED To voluntarily stop eating and drinking is a way for terminal patients to speed up their dying process.
Vtac V-tac, v-tac, V-TAC Ventricular tachycardia, a fast and irregular heartbeat originating in the ventricles (lower chambers) of the heart.
VTD Vtd, vtd Velcade (bortezomib), thalidomide, and dexamethasone is a drug combination used to treat multiple myeloma.
VTE Venous thromboembolism occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein, breaks away, and gets stuck elsewhere in the circulatory system, causing potentially life-threatening problems.
VUS Variant of uncertain significance; variant of unknown significance; unclassified variant. A genetic mutation whose impact on disease is not known.
VVA Vietnam Veterans Association.
WA Wa 1) Washington, a state in the Pacific Northwest of the USA. 2) Western Australia, a state made up of the western third of Australia.
WAR Whole abdomen radiation.
watch and wait Watch and wait, a medical strategy involving scanning but no treatment until necessary.
WBC WCC, Wbc, wbc, Wcc, wcc White blood cells, or leukocytes (also spelled "leucocytes"), are cells of the immune system involved in fighting invading germs, infection and allergy-causing agents. White Cell Count (WCC).
WBR Whole-brain radiotherapy.
WBRT Whole brain radiation therapy.
WD well-differentiated Well-differentiated cancer cells look and behave much like the normal tissue cells they originated from.
weaning wean, weaned, weans Weaning is the process of gradually removing something we're accustomed to. Patients must be weaned from certain medications. Babies are weaned as they switch to solid foods.
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome Wernicke encephalopathy (loss of some brain functions) and Korsakoff dementia are seen together in people with severe thiamine deficiency.
Whipple A type of surgery used to treat pancreatic cancer. The head of the pancreas, the duodenum, a portion of the stomach, and other nearby tissues are removed. Also called pancreatoduodenectomy.
WHO World Health Organization, the public health arm of the United Nations.
WIC The Women, Infants, and Children program provides supplemental food, healthcare referrals, and nutrition education to low-income pregnant and postpartum women, infants, and children under 5 at nutritional risk.
wild A "wild type" gene is the gene as it occurs in normal (not sick) people. The opposite is a mutated gene, overexpressed or underexpressed gene, or missing gene.
WLE Wide local excision is a surgical technique in which a tumor is removed along with a surrounding wide area of healthy tissue to try to prevent recurrence or spread.
WLS Weight loss surgery.
WM lymphoplasmacytic, Waldenström, Waldenstrom Waldenström macroglobulinemia is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in which the cancer cells produce an abnormal protein known as a macroglobulin.
WNL wnl Medical shorthand for Within Normal Limits. For example, a laboratory test result may be WNL.
Wnt WNT, wnt Wnt signaling pathways are specific proteins that pass molecular signals through cell surface receptors into the cells.
WOCBP Women of child-bearing potential; that is, women who could become pregnant.
woo refers to ideas considered irrational or based on extremely flimsy evidence or that appeal to mysterious occult forces or powers
woot Internet slang meaning "I'm very excited about this." Similar to yay, yippee, or hooray but cooler or geekier. :-)
WP WP Thyroid is a brand of natural (non-synthetic) thyroid replacement hormone.
WPC World Parkinsons Congress.
WREN test NETest, NET test Wren Laboratories developed the NETest (sometimes called Wren or Wren test) to monitor the biological behavior of neuroendocrine tumors.
WRT Wrt, wrt Abbrev. for "with regard to."
WT wt, Wt 1) Wild type means a gene that is not mutated -- the type usually found "in the wild" in healthy people. 2) Abbrev. for weight.
WTG wtg, Wtg WTG stands for the congratulatory phrase, "Way to go!"
XDR-TB XDRTB Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis is a more serious variant of multi-drug-resistant TB. Both resist standard drugs, requiring intensive, expensive, long-term treatment.
xerostomia Xerostomia is the medical term for dry mouth.
XRCC2 XRCC2 is a gene that helps to prevent cancer by maintaining the stability of chromosomes and repairing damage to DNA.
XRT xrt Radiation therapy, therapy that uses x-rays. Also, external radiation therapy.
YAG YAG lasers are used in ophthalmology to correct posterior capsular opacification, a condition that may occur after cataract surgery and for patients with acute angle-closure glaucoma, where it has superseded surgical iridectomy.
YMCA The Young Men's Christian Association is a worldwide organization which provides a diverse range of recreational, wellness, outreach, family services and programs for men, women and children.
YOA Years of age; internet abbreviation.
YOD Young onset dementia.
YOPD Young-onset Parkinson's disease.
YYC YYC is the airport designation for Calgary International Airport, Calgary, Canada.
Z-Pak Z-PAK, Z-pak, z-pak, Z-Pac, Z-PAC, Z-pac, z-pac, Z-Pack, Z-PACK, Z-pack, z-pack A brand name of the antibiotic azithromycin.
ZE Z-E, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, Zollinger Ellison syndrome Zollinger-Ellison syndrome causes tumors called gastrinomas to develop in the pancreas and duodenum, producing too much gastrin which increases the stomach's production of acid.